PIETER DE VOS.
Pieter de Vos, alias BRAM, alias Johannes Cornelis de Graaff, alias de Vet.
RVPS No. 19743.
Date of interrogation: 16-03-1944.
DE VOS, Pieter.
Born: 20-05-1924, Soest(Utrecht).
Last address: 16 Lindenlaan, Soestdijk.
Approximate date of information: November 1943.
Estimated degree of reliability: A.1.
1. Informant has been associated with the 'TROUW' organisation and had committed minor acts of local sabotage, when he came into contact, apparently by chance, with BEEKHUYSEN, alias VAN DAM (See suspect list).
2. Informant had asked his bank manager for an introduction to someone who could help him to get Belgium an he was referred to a certain [redacted] (aged about 30, half-Belgian, half-Dutch, who had papers showing him to be domiciled in both Belgium and Holland, The Hague). In September 1943, informant met [redacted] in Café Central, Place de Bourse, Brussels. [redacted] who is described as a man who is always engaged in varied business deals which promise to bring in money, brought with him VAN DAM, who later was found to hold genuine identity papers in the name of DIRK BEEKHUYS(EN).
3. BEEKHUYSEN and [redacted] had become acquainted through a WIM [redacted] who also knew BEEKHUYSEN's friend WILLEM [redacted] (See suspect list), [redacted] is said to be a rather mysterious figure who worked for Vrij Nederland and the Orde Dienst and who always kept his hand on a loaded pistol in his pocket.
4. Also present at this meeting was a [redacted] (aged 25, address The Hague) who was known to informant and is said to have had an interest in resistance activities. During the meeting, the conversation turned to resistance work and the procuring of false documents. Informant showed a false Ausweis for the airfield at Soesterberg. BEEKHUYSEN showed great interest in this and asked for a similar one, saying he was a member of an intelligence group at LOUVAIN, through which he could send reports to England.
5. In September or December or October, 1943, BEEKHUYSEN and informant met by arrangement at the Café Moderne, Amsterdam and the former asked for an orange Passierschein for the Belgian and French frontier, saying that he needed one for his intelligence work. Informant was able to procure false documents through [redacted] who was in hiding in Amsterdam.
6. BEEKHUYSEN gave an address where he could he found [large part redacted].
8. Accordingly, informant went along to 17 Valkenboschkade (The Hague) and found that it was just a bed-sitting room and probably an accommodation address.
9. At this meeting, BEEKHUYSEN asked informant to gather military information and give reports to him for passing on to England by his alleged channels. He also told informant that he had worked with a WT set in Delfzijl early 1943, until 15 of his group were arrested in Groningen and 13 of them shot.
10. On one visit to BEEKHUYSEN, informant was introduced to a person descripted as the chief, a harmless-looking man of about 50, wearing a straw hat.
11. In September or October 1943, BEEKHUYSEN asked informant to find him a WT set re replace the one lost and in November 1943, informant received an offer of an 'onder-zender' (a local set which could only communicate with the head set, where messages would be transmitted to England). This set had been made at the expense of it's owner.
KALKMAN, a former ship's Telegraphist.
6 Nieuw Engeland.
who was holding it as a reserve set. KALKMAN also showed informant some military intelligence reports. BEEKHUYSEN, however, refused this set, as he wanted an independent transmitter.
12. Informant was also collecting intelligence reports and passing them to BEEKHUYSEN under the impression that they were being passed to England.
13. In October 1943, some friend of BEEKHUYSEN was supposed to be going to England with reports, and was, apparently, prevented from going for some reason. Informant then proposed that his friend [redacted] son of [redacted] should go in his place. BEEKHUYSEN consented, not very willingly and met [redacted] and KLAAS (see suspect list) in Brussels, where a contact of BEEKHUYSEN gave them [redacted] and KLAAS an Urlaubsbescheinigung to enable them to cross the French frontier and a rendezvous in Paris. BEEKHUYSEN then returned to Holland whilst KLAAS and [redacted] went to LOURDES, KLAAS, though he had originally announced his intention of going to the UK, left [redacted] at Toulouse and returned. Informant later heard that [redacted] was soon afterwards arrested with three companions and sent to Compiecs.
14. Meanwhile, informant continued to collect reports for BEEKHUYSEN. In November, he announced his intention of going to the UK. BEEKHUYSEN who has fallen ill, was insistent that he should not yet do so, as he still had work for him in Holland. However, on 2nd December, 1943, informant left Holland without BEEKHUYSEN's knowledge, travelling via Brussels, Paris and Lourdes.
15. Informant's description of the convoys of refugees en route and particularly the crossing of the French-Spanish frontier leave no doubt that this traffic must be taking place with the full knowledge of the Germans.
16. Informants states that apart from KALKMAN he brought no one into direct contact with BEEKHUYSEN, but that he did leave BEEKHUYSEN's address with his friend [redacted] and the latter may have contacted BEEKHUYSEN after informant's departure. If contact was established, then others might be affected, as indicated by the following diagram:
The organisation "TROUW" could become compromised through Pierre Janssen.
CONTACTS IN "TROUW".
RVPS Date of interrogation: 16-03-1944.
De Vos, Pieter (19.743).
Born: 20-05-1924, Soest, Utrecht.
Approximate date of information: November 1943.
Estimated degree of reliability: A.1.
APPENDIX A - SUSPECTS IN HOLLAND.
1. BEEKHUYSEN, Dirk alias VAN DAM (Dutch).
Address: 17 Valkenboschkade, The Hague (July 1943). Probably an accommodation address.
Description: Age: 40/50, height: 1.80/1.85 m; thin build; thin greying hair; thin smartly face; deep set eyes; fairly large nose; very bad teeth (brown stumps). Wore spectacles, walked with an upright carriage; giving impression of having been a soldier; Said to have been a ship's engineer. Claimed to be an expert photographer and to be the executer of several excellent technical drawings which he possesses of the "Stellung Hase" (Harderwijk).
A person of this name and description has been cited on a Dutch underground warning list (December 1943) as an agent provocateur. he may be identical with George RIDDERHOF or Van VLIET. Suspect claimed to be working with an intelligence group in Louvain, Belgium, which was supposed to be in contact with the UK. He asked young Dutchmen to supply him with intelligence reports which he claimed to be able to send to this country. Suspect related that early in 1943 he had been working a WT in Delfzijl until 25 members of his group were arrested in Groningen an 13 of them shot.
2. [redacted] (Dutch).
A friend of Beekhuysen and also suspect.
Description: age: 30/35; height: 1.70 m; thin build, pale face; round shoulders; deep set brown eyes. Spoke with nasal voice. Nervous manner.
Assistant to BEEKHUYSEN (No.1) "KLAAS" accompanied [redacted], a young Dutchman, who has given material by BEEKHUYSEN for the UK as far as Toulouse. "KLAAS" returned to Holland and [redacted] was arrested.
DE VOS, Pieter
alias DAINTY, Peter,
alias DE GRAAFF, Johannes Cornelis.
Born: 20-5-1924 Soest.
Occupation: Science Student.
Religion: Dutch Reformed Church.
Languages: Dutch, French, German, English.
Father: Petrus Cornelis, aged 51, Dutch by birth, doctor, 16 Lindenlaan, Soestdijk, Holland.
Mother: Cornelia Geertruida Maria nee VAN EVERDINGEN, 47, Dutch, living with husband.
Brother: Willem Frederick, aged 29, student of medicine, Amsterdam University, in hiding c/o [redacted] A'dam.
Sister: Arnoldina Johanna, aged 25, employed as chemist's assistant, Stadionkade 179, Amsterdam.
Last permanent address: 16 Lindenlaan, Soestdijk, Holland.
1. Certificate stating that the bearer is Peter Dainty, travelling to London on special duty issued for O.C. Joint Intelligence Centre (Q) Gibraltar on 26-02-1944.
2. Vaccination certificate issued 02-03-1944 at Gibraltar.
Date & Port of embarkment: 02-03-1944 Gibraltar.
Date & Port of arrival: 03-03-1944 Hendon ex aircraft FD-939.
Date of arrival at RVPS: 04-03-1944.
1. DE VOS attended elementary school at Soest and Baarn and also the Lyceum at the latter place, passing his final exams in 1941. He then registered at the Amsterdam University where he studied Science until 06-02-1943 when, owing to the student razzia's he stopped studying. On 06--05-1942 DE VOS refused to sign a student's declaration of loyalty.
2. On 06-05-1943 DE VOS had volunteered for the SOEST fire brigade and since that time remained a reserve member.
DE VOS first became involved in clandestine activities in December 1941 when through a fellow fire brigade member and
[redacted], he became acquainted with a policeman, STADLANDER, 3 Noordlaan, Bloemendaal.
[large part redacted]
Description of STADLANDER.
Age: About 45.
Height: 1 metre 75.
Face: Greying hair, small moustache.
General: Upright figure.
4. STADLANDER stated that he knew a police inspector who was in possession of a wireless transmitter which he used to send messages to the UK. [redacted] and DE VOS intended to escape to the UK by boat and therefore wanted a message sent through, so that they could possibly be picked up by a British vessel. [redacted] is very wealthy and owned several small boats.
5. They decided to use a small one which was lying on the Eem at Naarden. They required an outboard motor and therefore paid a visit to [redacted], the agent for [redacted] outboard motors of Amsterdam. [redacted] immediately guessed way they required the engine but stated that they could not supply him with one as they were all registered. However, he told them that he could give them an introduction so that they could buy one clandestine for F. 4000,-. This, however, was a very high price and they did not buy it.
6. [redacted] then told DE VOS that as he was under 21 years of age, he must obtain a certificate from his father saying that he had no objections to his taking part in the escape attempt. DE VOS stated that [redacted] is rather a temperamental type.
7. However, he asked his parents but they said that [redacted] was too erratic to be reliable so they thought it safer for him not to go. [redacted] himself then decided not to leave as he realised that his possession consisting of his garages, cars, etc would be confiscated by the Germans.
8. When this plan fell through DE VOS decided that use could still be made of the wireless transmitter. He resumed his studies but collected what information he could from various friends, such as military information, etc and also obtained details about airfields at Soesterberg, from fellow members of the fire brigade.
9. He was informed that oil was stored in a certain area of the airfield and gave this information to STADLANDER so that it could be passed on. This took place during the summer of 1942 and the airfield was raided shortly afterwards. The oil dump was supposed to have been hit but DE VOS states that he cannot vouch for this as he was not present at the time of the raid. He was living in rooms c/o ARNOLDI, 556 Keizersgracht, Amsterdam.
10. In July 1942 he returned home for his holidays and spent most of his time working for the local fire brigade. The Chief of the local fire brigade is W. GROAT of 44 Van Nedestraat, Soest. Before the war GROAT was a bicycle dealer.
Description of GROAT:
Age: about 50.
Height: 1 metre 80.
Build: upright figure.
Face: Fair greying hair, blue eyes, false teeth.
11. It was the duty of those firemen who were on the reserve to report to the fire brigade headquarters immediately the alert sounded. GROAT is a good patriot and when he attended any fires which were sabotaging the Germans war effort, he did all he could to avoid putting them out, although the crew looked as if they were working at a feverish speed. In actual fact they slowed up the work as much as possible.
12. Being a fireman, DE VOS was in possession of a Forlaufiger Ausweis which exempted him from being sent to work in Germany. About April or May 1943 the Ausweise were withdrawn. It had been GROAT's custom to take all local students as members of the fire brigade reserve which thereby prevented them from being sent to work in Germany. When the Ausweise were withdrawn DE VOS had his identity card altered so that he was shown as a farm labourer instead of a student because from then on students were not allowed to be accepted as members of the fire brigade. They were, of course, by that time supposed to have reported for work in Germany.
13. DE VOS had his identity card changed at the townhall through a official there called VAN VLEUTEN who was a patient of his father. DE VOS also had a stamp placed on his identity card. This stamp was issued officially by the chief of the fire brigade at The Hague and bears blue letters with a red centre and has the fireman's crest.. This showed that he was an official member of the fire brigade and was thereby exempt from being sent to work in Germany. DE VOS states that these stamps are difficult to get but can be obtained through official channels.
14. At the beginning of May 1943 an RAF plane fell on the Luft Kommando Headquarters at the Carlton Hotel. DE VOS had arranged with GROAT that he should be allowed to take his uniform to Amsterdam with him so that he could attend any fires which might prove to be interesting or where he could assist in sabotaging the attempts to put it out.
15. He managed to enter the building of the Carlton Hotel being in uniform and possessing the necessary papers. In de damaged part of the building he came across a military recognition book which gave information about the latest Allied weapons, etc. He states that this book was too big to bring with him to the UK. The tile of the book was "Sonderausgabe des Front Nachrichten Blattes für Stab I.C.".
Op 27 april om 02:34 stort een op weg naar Duisburg vliegende Halifax V serial DG423, 76 Squadron, registratie MP-H, van de RAF neer achter het Carlton Hotel, geladen met 4000 brandbommen en 13. 000 liter benzine, Singel/Vijzelstraat/ Reguliersdwarsstraat/Geelvincksteeg.
De kist is boven Noord-Holland om ongeveer om 02:15 beschoten door een Duitse nachtjager, met Ofw. (Oberfeldwebel) H. Vinke IV/NJG 1.
Ook verwoest werden de kantoren van de Duitse Luftgaucommando Holland en zijn Feldgericht in het gevorderde Carlton Hotel maar dit was zuiver toeval. Alhier werd krijgsgevangen geallieerde vliegtuigbemanning onderworpen aan verhoor.
De zeven bemanningsleden:
Piloot: Sgt. D. G. McNab
Navigator-Waarnemer: Sgt. F. N. Slingsby
Bommenrichter: P/O. N. D. Fleming
Radiotelegrafist: Sgt. B. F. Keable
Schutters: Sgt. J. Clerg en Sgt. C. C. Strain
Boordwerktuigkundige-Mecanicien: Sgt. J. Wood
Allen komen om het leven en hun stoffelijke resten zijn begraven op een ereveld van de Nieuwe Oosterbegraafplaats te Amsterdam.
16. Since the student razzias in February 1943, DE VOS had lived regularly in Amsterdam as he was known as a student in Soest, whilst in Amsterdam he could show his Ausweis which exempted him from being sent to work in Germany. Had he stayed in Soest there would have been the danger of his being betrayed through local gossip or NSB'ers. The only time when he again visited Soest was in May 1943 in order to get the fire brigade stamp placed on his identity card.
17. In September 1942 [redacted] called on him and told him that the contact with the UK through the wireless transmitter had been broken off. They made enquiries through STADLANDER who informed them that the police inspector, who was supposed to own the transmitter, had become very frightened and had given the set to someone else. DE VOS asked to be introduced to the police inspector, but STADLANDER stated that this was impossible as the inspector did not wish to meet anybody. DE VOS therefore gave up the work of passing on information because he had no idea of alternative channels through which he could pass his information.
18. It was the custom of DE VOS and [redacted] to visit blitzed areas whenever they heard that phosphorus bombs had been dropped. They then collected any unexploded phosphorus bombs and took them home where they extracted the phosphorus and gave it to a fellow member of the fire brigade called KROON who apparently used it for sabotage, They decided not to use it themselves for sabotage as they thought that it would only lead to reprisals being taken against the local population. They thought that it would be better for the sabotage to be carried out efficiently by an organisation. There was very little danger in carrying these bombs as if they should be stopped they could quite easily say that they were taking them to a fire brigade demonstration. They had a good idea what the bombs were like as they had attended fire brigade lectures where the subject of phosphorus bombs was dealt with.
Dirk Maria Rijk Hendrik KROON
"Moge het offer niet vergeefs zijn"
Geboren: 27 mei 1909 in Den Haag
Overleden: 7 januari 1945 in Limmen, 35 jaar oud
Burg. staat: ongehuwd
Beroep: werktuigbouwkundige en zelfstandig elektrotechnicus in Soest
Dick Kroon was tijdens de Duitse inval in mei 1940 dienstplichtig sergeant bij de Genie. Hierna vestigde hij zich in Soest als zelfstandig elektrotechnicus en werd ingeschakeld bij de bosbrandweer.
Vanaf 1942 verleende Kroon hulp aan Joodse landgenoten. Vele tientallen bracht hij tijdelijk onder in het huis van zijn moeder in Soest, die weduwe was. Onder hen waren zijn latere verloofde Henriëtte Bernard en haar ouders.
Kroon verrichte tevens spionagewerk. Eerst deed hij dit voor de Ordedienst, een landelijke illegale organisatie, die aan het begin van de oorlog voor een deel ontstaan was in militaire kringen. Later voor de Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten. Hij verkende Duitse verdedigingswerken en verboden Sperrgebiete in en rond Amsterdam, Haarlem, vliegveld Soesterberg en de Grebbelinie en maakte hiervan tekeningen.
Onder zijn leiding werd in mei 1943 het bevolkingsregister van Soest gestolen en begraven in de tuin bij zijn moeder.
In december 1944 werden Kroon en zijn 69-jarige moeder thuis gearresteerd. Zij waren aangegeven door een in het huis van zijn moeder inwonende vrouw na een heftige ruzie. Hij werd overgeleverd aan de Sicherheitspolizei en naar het Huis van Bewaring aan de Weteringschans in Amsterdam gebracht. Hier werd hij op de lijst van Todeskandidaten gezet die in aanmerking kwamen voor fusillering bij represailles. Zijn moeder werd eveneens in Amsterdam gevangen gezet.
Op 7 januari 1945 werd Kroon in Limmen met negen anderen doodgeschoten als represaille voor het doden van een Duitse dienstplichtige soldaat door het verzet. De tien lichamen werden in een massagraf in de duinen bij Overveen begraven. Diezelfde maand werd zijn moeder vrijgelaten en zijn enig kind, zoon Dirk Mara, in onderduik geboren.
Na de oorlog kreeg Kroon postuum het Verzetskruis 1940-1945, de na de Militaire Willems-Orde hoogste dapperheidsonderscheiding van Nederland.
19. As already stated DE VOS gave up his studies after the student razzias on 06-02-1943 and from then on dealt solely in clandestine work.
20. When attending Amsterdam University he and many other students had lunched at the City Hall Restaurant in Amsterdam and DE VOS had therefore become acquainted with a waiter: Kees ROELANDSCHAP of 20 Esmoreitstraat, Amsterdam.
Height: 1 metre 70.
Face: Thinning, fair hair, blue eyes, small features, false teeth.
General: Small alert type of man.
21. ROELANDSCHAP informed him that he was due to be sent to work in Germany and was therefore going into hiding at the house of a friend of his [redacted] who was a brother-in-law of Pierre JANSEN, Dutch of 27 Landerstraat, Heerlen who was in turn in charge of the Heerlen district of the TROUW organisation.
Description of JANSEN:
Height: 1 metre 85.
Build: Weak physique, large stomach.
Face: Brown hair.
General: Has broad Limburg accent and has a Belgian mother.
Maandagmorgen 14 augustus 1944 had KP-lid Pierre Janssen de aardappelboer, jodenverrader en landwachter Mathias Raeven op de Dr. Schaepmanstraat op de Molenberg te Heerlen in de smiezen. Op het moment dat de aardappelboer op zijn kar een portie piepers stond af te wegen, trok de langsfietsende Pierre Janssen zijn Walther P-38 en schoot de als zwarthemd bekenstaande Raeven tot vier keer toe in de rug. Een kapelaan was getuige van de liquidatie en begeleidde het dode lichaam naar het plaatselijke ziekenhuis.
Bron: Bert Spoelstra + Rob Oostwegel.
ROELANDSCHAP intended to work for the clandestine paper TROUW whilst he was in hiding. All this information was passed to DE VOS as he had got to know ROELANDSCHAP very well, having attended the restaurant for about 2½ years.
22. It was then agreed that DE VOS should help to distribute TROUW in Amsterdam. This paper had apparently only just started being published and financial assiatance was also required. It would therefore be necessary for contributions to be found. ROELANDSCHAP went into hiding in February 1943.
23. DE VOS himself spent three weeks in hiding because of the student razzias and lived at the house of [redacted]
[redacted], who was an old family friend.
24. At the end of his three weeks' stay there DE VOS received a message from ROELANDSCHAP asking him to pay him a visit, which he did. ROELANDSCHAP gave him instructions as to what work he was to carry out for TROUW and also introduced him to JANSEN. JANSEN gave him 60 copies of the paper and DE VOS returned to Amsterdam as the student razzias had died down. In any case he was still in possession of his certificate of membership of the fire brigade. JANSEN also gave him a certificate stating that he was a technician employed by Orange Nassau 4, coal mine in Limburg, which would explain his travels to Limburg in the event of questioning.
25. In Amsterdam, DE VOS visited many friends in order to try to persuade them to act as agents for TROUR and he also paid a visit to Utrecht where he called on [redacted]. He knew that [redacted] carried out clandestine work but assistance was refused although [redacted] agreed to help him financially. His uncle stated had he was already involved in the clandestine doctor's organisation activities.
26. [large part redacted] only took 6 copies but was able to circulate them so well that he raised amounts ranging from 100 to 300 Guilders per month. TROUW was published once every four weeks.
27. Amongst his Amsterdam agents, DE VOS had a certain student [redacted], Amsterdam who acted as distributor for "VRIJ NEDERLAND" according to information received from [redacted].
28. JANSEN had informed DE VOS that the "VRIJ NEDERLAND" paper had been partially blown and that certain areas were not receiving any papers at all. TROUW intended to replace these copies which had failed to be distributed.
29. DE VOS had therefore decided that [redacted] was probably not receiving his copies of "VRIJ NEDERLAND" which proved to be true and [redacted] therefore agreed to distribute TROUW for him.
30. When the Germans issued an order on 06-05-1943 instructing all students to report for work in Germany, DE VOS had discussed this matter with his parents and asked them whether they considered that he should go to Germany in order to avoid reprisals being taken against them. They, however, stated that they were willing to risk this but that they did not wish to know at what address he lived as they considered this would be safer. DE VOS actually continued living at the Keizerstraat but changed his room. He also spent various nights at the houses of different friends.
31. DE VOS remained in contact with a close student friend of his called [redacted] son of Captain [redacted], a notary and living at [redacted] [redacted] informed him that he had discovered an escape route.
32. [redacted] had a close friend, [redacted] [redacted], Amsterdam who was running an escape route but was only able to reach Perpignan where on calling at the house of a certain priest, who was a link of the organisation, he was informed that the route was no longer working, so he returned to Holland.
Description of [redacted]:
Age: About 26.
Height: 1 metre 80.
Face: Brownish hair, sharp figures.
General: Recently married, has young baby.
33. [redacted] and DE VOS had also intended to use this escape route and they therefore lived in the same rooms. It had been intended that they should leave a week after [redacted] but this of course did not materialised as the latter returned. Apparently after [redacted]'s return to Holland he talked rather carelessly about the route as [redacted] stated that it was no longer possible to help people along his escape route.
34. On hearing that they could not escape [redacted] went to live at his grandmother's house and DE VOS spent a month in the country in a free youth church camp at Doorne. He had attended these camps regularly since 1936 and he attended this one during July 1943.
35. On 04-08-1943 he returned to his rooms in Amsterdam but than received an invitation to go and stay at the house of the family BOUMAN of 4 Vijverweg, Bloemendaal, whose daughters Joop, and Kokkie were known to DE VOS as they also attended the youth camps.
Kokkie Bouman, geboren 28-08-1924, overleden 14-08-2008. Gehuwd met Hendrik Jan Ledeboer.
36. DE VOS became ill whilst he was staying in the house and as the Bouman family were going away on holiday, he was moved to the house of the family doctor, [redacted] of Haarlem. He spent about a week at [redacted]'s house but the latter than expected a doctor's razzia to take place and he was a member of the doctor's clandestine organisation. DE VOS therefore returned to Amsterdam where he stayed at his brother's room in 27 Nieuwe Spiegelstraat, Amsterdam.
37. [redacted] had the date on his identity card altered for him so that he was shown as being only 17 years of age. DE VOS parents were able to continue to use his ration card as one of his father's patients was the police inspector of Soest called DE VRIES of 42 Hartmanlaan, Soest and who promised to warn DE VOS' parents if there should be any unreliable person working in the local food offices, because up to than they appeared to be good patriots.
Description of DE VRIES:
Age: About 40.
Height: 1 metre 80.
Build: Strong figure.
Face: Fair hair, blue eyes.
DE VOS continued with his work in distributing TROUW.
38. Meanwhile he obtained a new identity card from [redacted] who is not known personally to DE VOS but who actually obtained a blanc identity card for him. Description of [redacted]:
Age: about 28.
Height: 1 metre 80.
Face: dark hair and eyes, thick nose.
General: Jewish appearance, quietly dressed.
DE VOS sister had informed him that their cousin carried out clandestine work and DE VOS paid Fls. 100 for the identity card. He also obtained another card by the same method for an Austrian Jew, [redacted] who was living in hiding at the same address as DE VOS himself.
39. DE VOS's card bore the name of Johannes Cornelis DE GRAAFF and showed his age as 22 because this age group had not at that time been completely called up. The employment stated technician and he still had his certificate of employment with the Limburg coal mines.
40. A local school friend of DE VOS' called [redacted] Soest and employed by the building contractors B. LEHAR-DUZZI, often had to visit Soesterberg airfield as the firm had a contract there. On about 20-08-1943 [redacted] visited him and asked him if he could pass on a photo of a drawing of 'Stellung Haase' at Harderwijk and which was possibly a radio location station. [redacted] was aware that DE VOS carried out clandestine work as the latter had issued him with the magazine TROUW. DE VOS agreed to make enquiries about sending it on and actually intended to give it to [redacted].
41. [redacted] possessed an Ausweis which allowed him to visit Soesterberg in connection with his official work. DE VOS therefore borrowed this and through [redacted] in Amsterdam managed to get a copy printed. He also asked the police inspector DE VRIES, if he could assist him with the necessary stamps.
42. DE VRIES lent him metal copies of two stamps:-
a) Fliegerortskommandantur Soesterberg, and
b) Bauleitung der Luftwaffe No. ?
DE VOS also had a copy of a certificate stating that he worked for the Wehrmacht which permitted him to visit restricted areas. DE VOS decided that these papers would give him excellent cover.
43. He then went to spend a couple of weeks with the BOUMAN family who had meanwhile returned from their holiday.
44. When [redacted] had made his abortive attempt to reach Spain he had heard of another escape organisation in Brussels. therefore, about mid-August 1943 [redacted] and a close friend of his, [redacted] who was living in hiding at The Hague, set off for Brussels in order to obtain further information. Description of [redacted]:
Age: about 22.
Height: 1 metre 75 to 1 metre 80.
Face: Black hair, dark eyes.
General: Javanese appearance.
45. Their visit however, proved very expensive and they therefore returned to Holland. They had actually intended to go into hiding in Belgium if they were unable to escape through to Spain because there seemed to be less danger in hiding there. However, the expenses proved to be too high.
46. [redacted], however, who was quite wealthy asked his bank manager if he knew he could change his money into Belgian francs at a reasonable rate of exchange, as the main reason for their not staying in Belgium was because of the extremely bad rate of exchange in the black-market.
47. The bank manager sent [redacted] to visit a commercial traveller, DE KOCK who lived in the Laan van Meerdervoort, at The Hague. DE VOS accompanied [redacted] on this visit. Description of DE KOCK:
Age: about 35.
Height: 1 metre 70.
Face: big head, long face, fair thinning hair.
General: Unpleasant appearance.
DE KOCK told them that the rate of exchange would be rather high. He also stated that he could obtain Belgian identity cards for them. DE KOCK frequently travelled across the border into Belgium and it was agreed that he should lead them across the border. [redacted] paid him Fls. 500 for which he produced two Belgian identity cards for them.
48. At the beginning of September 1943, DE VOS together with [redacted] and DE KOCK travelled to Brussels. They travelled by train to Roosendaal, having sent their bicycles on ahead and than cycled via Nispen and along a path across the border to Esschen. There they placed their bicycles in a bicycle shop and travelled by train to Brussels, to meet DE KOCK in Brussels next day.
49. They spent the night at a Pension. Address forgotten, whence they had been directed by [redacted], Brussels but who was too scared to put them up herself.
50. Next morning they met DE KOCK as arranged and he told them to wait for him at the Café Central, Place de la Bourse, whilst he exchanged their money for them. He returned some tome later and was accompanied by another Dutchman for whom he had also changed some money and who was called VAN DAM @ BEEKHUIS of The Hague. Description of VAN DAM:
Age: about 45 to 50.
Height: 1 metre 80 to 1 metre 85.
Build: Straight figure, thin.
Face: Greying hair, very bad teeth, wears glasses, biggish nose, blue (?) eyes, clean shaven.
General: is inclined lean his head back when looking at anyone, cheaply dressed, rough type, states that he
has been to sea.
51. They all had coffee together, carrying on a general conversation. The subject then arose about identity cards. DE VOS then showed his false Ausweis to VAN DAM who seemed to be extremely interested and asked if he could obtain any more. DE VOS stated that he possible could should it be necessary.
52. It was then arranged that DE VOS should meet VAN DAM at the Café Moderne in Amsterdam a few days later. DE KOCK then supplied them with their money, having changed Fls. 300 for them. They knew their way back so they parted from DE KOCK and VAN DAM They were unable to find [redacted]'s contact of the escape organisation so they decided to return to Holland in order to avoid wasting money.
53. They intended to return on 08-09-1943 but an American air raid took place on the city so they left the next day. DE KOCK had recommended them to go to the Salle des Glineurs billiard hall behind the Grand Hotel in Brussels where they would be able to purchase cigarettes which could be taken back to Holland and sold at a profit so that they could defer their expenses. They therefore purchased 4000 cigarettes at this place and placed them in a suitcase.
54. They expected a customs control at Esschen so [redacted] alighted with the bag at Wildert while DE VOS went on to Esschen where he collected the bicycles and set off on his way to De Wildert.
55. On the way, however, he was stopped by a Belgian Gendarme who thought that he was a certain [redacted] who was being sought for bank robbery at Charleroi. He was taken to the police station where the officer in charge changed his attitude completely when he heard that DE VOS was actually a Dutch student. DE VOS had mentioned [redacted] who was met by the police and brought to the police station.
56. [redacted] was able to confirm DE VOS' identity and the policeman in charge allowed them to leave with another Gendarme who told them that he was a member of the "WITTE BRIGADE" and showed them the way across the border.
57. They cycled on to Roosendaal to catch the train. DE VOS returned to Amsterdam and a couple of days later met VAN DAM as arranged. VAN DAM showed him an Oranje Passierschein which permitted the bearer to cross the Dutch/Belgian and Belgian/French borders, provided the bearer was in possession of a Dutch Passport.
58. VAN DAM asked DE VOS if he could have it copied for him. DE VOS agreed to try and approached a fellow student whom he knew was in contact with printers and who was called [redacted], Amsterdam. DE VOS brother was also in contact with this student.
59. [redacted] introduced DE VOS to a printer in Amsterdam, name unknown, who stated that he could only copy a blank form. DE VOS again met VAN DAM at the Café Moderne and asked him for a blank form but the latter stated that he could not get one and the owner of the Passierschein wanted it back. VAN DAM, therefore, had a photograph of the Passierschein made but this, of course was no use at all.
60. During the conversation, VAN DAM told him that he was in contact with the UK. DE VOS therefore decided to give him the aforementioned photograph of "Stellung Haase" to pass on. He asked VAN DAM for a fixed rendez-vous so VAN DAM gave him the address; 18 Valkenboschkade, The Hague.
61. However, when he called at this address, DE VOS was told by the girl who answered the door that she had never heard of VAN DAM. De VOS guessed that VAN DAM was probably his cover name so he made enquiries from her and she stated that they had had many visitors who asked for various people who were not living in the house.
62. De VOS decided that is was rather strange that VAN DAM should have given him an incorrect address. He therefore decided to check up on him, so he asked [redacted] how he got into contact with DE KOCK and then went to DE KOCK and asked him how he had got to know VAN DAM.
63. It appeared that DE KOCK had met VAN DAM through a friend of his, [redacted] of The Hague and who had previously worked for "VRIJ NEDERLAND". As far as DE VOS could see his contact with VAN DAM was merely through a chance meeting. DE KOCK stated that he had only assisted VAN DAM to cross the border and that the latter had stated that he wanted to go to Louvain (Leuven) in order to contact some members of his organisation. DE KOCK also changed some money for him in Brussels and maintained that he had no further contact with him.
64. DE VOS had arranged to meet VAN DAM again in Amsterdam and on this occasion asked him about the address. VAN DAM stated that he must have given him the wrong address by mistake and stated that his contact address was 17 Valkenboschkade, The Hague but that he also had a good friend, Willem VAN OORD, Dutch, living at 18 Frans Halsstraat, The Hague. VAN DAM did not show any sign of embarrassment.
65. DE VOS had received further information about Soesterberg airfield from [redacted] and wanted to pass this on. [redacted] had shown no interest in assisting him, so DE VOS decided to make use of VAN DAM but he did not feel that he could trust VAN DAM completely.
66. VAN DAM claimed that he worked for an organisation in Groningen which dealt with information about coastal defences but the organisation had been blown and the transmitter had been found by the Germans (Dr Oosterhuis Groep Zwaantje). VAN DAM, however, said that he knew of a British agent in The Hague who could send wireless messages. VAN DAM was not in direct contact with this man but could communicate with him through another person. VAN DAM stated that he had seen the agent and that he was an elderly and innocent looking man. DE VOS could find no reason not to believe VAN DAM and he also had to make up his mind as to whether he was going to pass on the information which he had received. He thought that the safest method would be for him only to remain in contact with VAN DAM and not to introduce anybody else to him.
67. VAN DAM was keen to obtain his own set so that he could be in direct wireless communication with the UK. His present contact had not given him any clear instructions as to what information was required and he therefore wished to have clear instructions direct from the UK.
68. DE VOS had previously heard from STADLANDER that the latter had the same trouble. De VOS decided to make an attempt to obtain a wireless transmitter. Through ROELANDLANDSCHAP, DE VOS had met [redacted], Amsterdam and in turn through him had met the film operator of the same cinema who was called [redacted].
69. [redacted] had told him that he was in possession of a transmitter which he had built himself. He contacted [redacted] who informed him that he had built it with a wireless dealer [redacted] of Centuurbaan, Amsterdam and the latter was in possession of it.
70. DE VOS visited this wireless dealer but only met the wife and brother as it appeared that [redacted] had been sent to Germany as a P.O.W. On making discreet enquiries, he heard that [redacted] had hidden all his wireless parts, etc before leaving but they did not know where they were. VAN DAM was very disappointed about these results.
71. DE VOS explained to VAN DAM that through having to travel about the country in connection with his work for him he had involved a number of expenses and VAN DAM agreed to pay all expenses incurred.
72. VAN DAM stated that perhaps he could get someone to travel to the UK in order to make arrangements for him to be issued with a wireless transmitter. DE VOS then arranged to meet VAN DAM at the Café Riche in The Hague but VAN DAM did not appear. However, [redacted] turned up.
Description of [redacted]:
Age: about 24.
Height 1 metre 75 to 1 metre 80.
General: very unkempt.
DE VOS had not met [redacted] before but the latter approached him and asked him if he were waiting for VAN DAM. [redacted] wore a leather coat and kept his right hand in his pocket. DE VOS later discovered that he was carrying a Browning pistol and stated that he was being sought by the Gestapo.
73. DE VOS had previously told VAN DAM that he wanted to obtain the official army book of communication as it dealt with the construction of codes. DE VOS heard about this book from [redacted]. VAN DAM promised to try and get this book for him.
74. [redacted] had come in VAN DAM's place and took DE VOS to see VAN OORD. This man is middle aged and came from a middle class family. He stated that he was an ex-Marine. VAN OORD appeared to be a member of the O.D. as he spoke to [redacted] about an O.D. stamp which he intended to use for printing on armbands in the event of an Allied invasion. From conversations he gathered that VAN DAM made use of the O.D. but was not actually a member. VAN OORD was unable to find the military handbook so DE VOS came away empty handed. This visit took place about the beginning of October 1943.
75. DE VOS generally attended the youth camp meetings which took place at various towns. When he attended a meeting at Eindhoven he met an old camp friend of his, [redacted], Rotterdam.
Description of [redacted]:
Age: about 24
Height: 1 metre 75 to 1 metre 80.
Build: Athletic figure.
Face: broad face, wears spectacles.
General: French type.
76. During the general conversation DE VOS heard [redacted]'s fiancee mentioned something about [redacted] visiting Brussels. He therefore asked [redacted] about this and it turned out that the latter was acting as a 'passeur', assisting escapes to reach Brussels from Holland, and that he was in contact with a certain NAUTA (known). It occurred to DE VOS that it might be possible to obtain a transmitter through this organisation. It did not occur to him at that time to leave Holland himself as he decided that he could probably carry out more useful work in Holland. DE VOS therefore told VAN DAM that he might be able to assist him to get someone to go to England.
77. He was gradually gaining more and more confidence in VAN DAM as DE VOS did not appear to be shadowed and VAN DAM had given no reason to cause himself to be regarded as suspect. DE VOS had purposely watched him carefully. He did, however, gain the impression that VAN DAM was carrying out clandestine work so that he would obtain a good position after the war.
78. VAN DAM stated that he had no one to send at that time so DE VOS suggested that perhaps he might be able to pass on a message for him. VAN DAM did not appear to be very keen and wanted to know who could take it. DE VOS therefore thought of sending [redacted].
79. VAN DAM stated that he would accompany [redacted] to Paris and that he would also send a man who would accompany [redacted] on to Spain. This last man would then return so that they would know whether the mission had been successful.
80. DE VOS told [redacted] about this and the latter then agreed but stated that it would cost Fls.1000 for [redacted]. DE VOS did not know whether they would want a further Fls.1000 for the third man but decided that it would be best for VAN DAM to discuss this direct with [redacted].
81. The third man was to be a certain KLAAS. [redacted] thought that it would be a good idea to meet VAN DAM so they met at a café in The Hague. DE VOS left it to [redacted] and VAN DAM to discuss the financial aide about KLAAS.
82. It was agreed that KLAAS and [redacted] were to be taken over the border by [redacted] about 18-10-1943. VAN DAM would then meet them in Brussels. VAN DAM was given an 'Urlaubbescheinigung' which enabled him to cross the Belgium/French border. These arrangements did in fact materialise.
83. Shortly before they left VAN DAM, [redacted] and DE VOS met KLAAS at the Beurse Restaurant in Rotterdam. When VAN DAM introduced himself to [redacted] he gave the name of BEEKHUYS by mistake.
Description of KLAAS:
Age: about 35.
Height: 1 metre 75 to 1 metre 80.
Build: Slightly bent shoulders, thin.
Face: Very pale face, deep set eyes, sharp features.
General: nervous type, inclined to talk through his nose, is an ex-seaman.
DE VOS later heard from [redacted] that everything had gone off as arranged.
84. DE VOS has arranged with [redacted] that the latter should send a message over Radio Oranje either on the 20th or 21st or 22nd November, 1943 after his safe arrival in the UK. [redacted]'s father, who was an ex-Army Captain had given him an introduction to Colonel [redacted] of G.S.3 in London. DE VOS had asked VAN DAM whether he could then send a message to the UK announcing [redacted]'s departure so that the latter could be assisted through Spain quickly.
85. VAN DAM returned about ten days later from Paris and DE VOS therefore knew that [redacted] had at any rate reached that town. He later heard from VAN DAM that KLAAS had returned and that he had left [redacted] at Lourdes as it was not necessary for him to go any further because the organisation was in excellent working order. Therefore it appeared certain that [redacted] would arrive safely in Spain.
86. However, when DE VOS listened to the wireless on the appointed dates he did nor hear any message sent through from [redacted]. Also [redacted] had informed him before leaving that he was taking a very good leather bag with him and that he would return this via KLAAS as he intended to purchase a rucksack in Southern France.
87. When DE VOS met KLAAS he asked him about this case and KLAAS stated that he had given it to a French escapee who needed a bag. This appeared strange to DE VOS. As DE VOS had not received a message over Radio Oranje he felt sure that [redacted] must have been delayed.
88. Meanwhile the situation for DE VOS was becoming very difficult in Holland because all his age and there was a very goof change of his being sent to work in Germany. He decided that perhaps the best idea would be to proceed to the UK with the idea of securing his future by taking a commission in the Army or else returning to Holland with a wireless set, if this should be found by the Dutch authorities.
89. DE VOS had arranged with [redacted] that if the latter was unable to send the message by the appointed dates he would send it on 31-11-1943 (?) but this message also did not come through.
90. DE VOS had heard from KLAAS that there was already snow in the Pyrenees, so he decided that he would have to leave soon before it became impassable. He asked [redacted] if he could arrange for him to go through his escape organisation. [redacted] stated that it would be very difficult to arrange because it had been reported by members of his organisation that [redacted] the notorious Gestapo Agent (known) had been seen in Southern France. However, he would see what he could do for him.
91. DE VOS told VAN DAM about his intentions and the latter was not very much in favour of it, stating that DE VOS could do better work in Holland. However, he could see that DE VOS was determined about leaving and stated that he would give him letters of introduction to various Dutch people in the UK. DE VOS informed [redacted] of his intentions and the latter asked him if he would be willing to take messages for other people with whom he was in contact.
92. DE VOS agreed and it was therefore arranged for DE VOS to visit the room of [redacted], Amsterdam. When he got there no one was in but shortly afterwards another student, [redacted] came in. DE VOS was to meet a certain [redacted]" but the latter did not arrive, so he met him there next evening.
93. [redacted] asked him to report to Lt. WARENDORF (RPS 14.635) when he arrived in the UK.
Description of [redacted]:
Height: 1 metre 75.
Face: Pale, ill looking, thinning fair hair.
General: very small feet, looks like a third rate clerk.
(Could this be Jan Stallinga of the underground newspaper "Het Parool" ?. Born 31-01-1919 Lemmer, died 17-12-1973 Amsterdam)
94. However, [redacted] appeared to be extremely intelligent when he spoke. He gave DE VOS verbal information about the underground press. [redacted] told him that WARENDORF had travelled to the UK about six months previously. WARENDORF had then sent out an agent called "HANS" (Johan Grün) who was to be parachuted. However, the aircraft in which "HANS" flew to the Continent was shot down somewhere in Belgium, as a result of which "HANS" lost his transmitter, money , papers, etc, but nevertheless managed to reach Holland where he reported to [redacted]. "HANS" had informed [redacted] that WARENDORF had given him instructions to obtain information about the underground press so that the authorities in the UK would be better informed. [redacted] gave DE VOS information about the circulation of the papers, etc. (See report at ).
95. DE VOS met a student, Willem VAN BALLIGOYEN DE JONG because this man used to visit the sister of DE VOS' girl friend. DE JONG spent most of his time at the house of [redacted] Dutch, [redacted] where he was in hiding.
96. On one of these occasions DE JONG asked DE VOS if he knew a technician who could repair a wireless transmitter. DE JONG introduced him to a person who was interested, this person being a fellow student [redacted]. As it happened, DE VOS already knew [redacted] as they had attended the same university.
97. DE VOS did, in fact, knew a radio technician who was a [redacted] working on the repairing of German wireless sets at the 'Luftwaffe Nachrichten, Geräterreparaturstelle' at the Kromhout Barracks, Utrecht. De VOS states that this man had to take this job as he had to support a wife and child and was not pro-German.
98. However, when DE VOS met [redacted] the latter informed him that the set could no longer be repaired. [redacted] told DE VOS that he had sent a courier to Spain and DE VOS than told him that he had done the same thing himself. [redacted] said that he intended to send a second person so DE VOS informed him that he was leaving for Spain himself and offered to take a message for him.
99. Shortly afterwards, DE VOS received a message from [redacted] asking him to meet him, which he did on 28-11-1943 [redacted] had a letter for him which he asked him to read and memorise. The letter was from [redacted] of Rotterdam, a member of a secret organisation and not known personally to DE VOS. The text of the letter concerned the application for the forming of a contact with Colonel [redacted] of the Dutch Army in the UK. When DE VOS arrived in Madrid he passed this request on through the representative of the Dutch Intelligence Service.
100. DE VOS discussed the question of what happened to [redacted] with KLAAS and they considered that he must have been placed in Miranda Camp. DE VOS therefore intended to make an effort to obtain his release after his own arrival in Spain.
101. He then received instructions from [redacted] telling him to meet him on 02-12-1943 at Putten. He could not guarantee that he would be able to assist him to escape straight away but DE VOS was to be prepared to leave.
102. De VOS paid [redacted] Fls.1000 which amount he obtained from his own savings and the balance from his parents. The charge for the journey would only cover the costs if there were no delays, so DE VOS took a further Fls.250 with him. [redacted] told him that he could hand the Dutch money into the organisation at Brussels and he would then receive a receipt which he could present to their branch in Paris and where he would be issued with the equivalent money in French francs, which did in fact materialise.
JOURNEY TO THE U.K.
103. De VOS paid a quick visit to his parents in order to tell them that he was leaving and on 02-12-1943 he met [redacted] at Putten as arranged. He was told that he would be taken straight through.
104. [redacted] led him across the border near Putten and they then travelled by tram to Antwerp. DE VOS had his old Belgian identity card with him. From Antwerp they travelled by train to Brussels where they met a certain [redacted] who issued DE VOS with a 'Urlaubschein' which allowed him to cross the Belgian/French border and showed him as being employed by the building contractors "La Belle" of Beaumont. [redacted] also gave DE VOS instructions call on [redacted]
Age: About 26.
Face: Unruly fair hair, wears spectacles.
105. DE VOS then went on alone to the station to catch the train for Paris. The train actually came from Berlin and he read a notice that it was delayed for three hours owing to air raids. The train did not actually arrive until five hours later and in the middle of the night he caught the train for Paris.
106. He got into a carriage which later turned out to be a Wehrmacht compartment. A control took place shortly after leaving Brussels and DE VOS showed his Urlaubschein and his Dutch identity card. there was also a control at the border but he once more passed the control by showing his papers. There was a final paper control about one hour before reaching Paris but again the papers proved satisfactory. he reached Paris at about 11.00 hours, 03-12-1943.
107. He called on [redacted] but she was not in. He left a note and later called again when he received a message from the caretaker, instructing him to go to the Café Cyclament near the Place Villiers, Paris, where he met [redacted].
Description of [redacted]:
Age: About 27.
Height: 1 metre 70.
Build: Good figure.
Face: Long brown hair, made up.
General: Nicknamed [redacted]. Well dressed, well cared for and lacquered nails, Parisienne type, very
108. They were also joined by [redacted]
Build: Heavily built.
General: Walk with a limp.
Description of [redacted]:
Face: Dark hair combed back, dark eyes.
General: Very sprightly.
109. [redacted] was very nervous and stated that they were being trailed. They left the café and went via side streets to a bar. During the conversation [redacted] mentioned the word "Kwikstaartlaan" which was the word mentioned in the letter from [redacted] which DE VOS had a memorise.
110. De VOS stated that he recognised the word and [redacted] then said that they must in that case both be working for the same organisation. He seemed very pleased about it but did not question DE VOS any further.
111. Whilst they were talking in the bar, DE VOS noticed a very attractive woman come in and she sat down close to them, appearing to listen to their conversation. they therefore left the bar and having got outside, [redacted] went back in again to check up on this woman. He returned shortly afterwards and stated that the girl was carrying on a conversation in German with a man.
112. DE VOS was then sent to the Hotel de Basle, Rue Paillon, Paris. He was told that he would be kept informed by [redacted]. He spent a week in Paris, during which time he paid regular visits to [redacted]. As far as he could see he was not being trailed.
113. During this time he also met at [redacted]'s flat a Dutch Jewish couple, [redacted] of The Hague and also a Dutchman, Seerp POSTMA (SCULLING, Witte Dirk) (RPS 19.823). These people were to leave by the same organisation.
114. From [redacted] DE VOS heard that [redacted] had been arrested on the Spanish border and that he was in the hands of the Germans at Compiegne. he also heard that another Dutchman JOEKES had also been arrested. JOEKES apparently carried a message about "Kwikstaartlaan" and may possibly have been the courier for [redacted].
115. On 10-12-1943 DE VOS was to leave for Toulouse. [redacted] had given him a French identity card. He was told to be at the Gare Austerlitz together with POSTMA and the [redacted] couple. [redacted] came and pointed out a young French girl, name unknown, whom they were to follow.
116. They entered the train with this girl and travelled through to Toulouse without experiencing any control at the demarcation line. The train left at 20.00 hours and arrived at Toulouse at 10.00 hours on 11-12-1943.
117. DE VOS has since met [redacted] (now at Battersea Grammar School) and BOTTENHEIM (RPS 19.890), both of whom were supposed to have travelled with them but apparently lost contact with them on arrival in Toulouse.
118. They they girl took them in two groups to a church where they waited for a short while and were then taken to a room in the Chambre de Jeunesse building. They rested there and were visited by "JACQUES", Dutch.
Age: About 30.
General: Gentlemanly, well dressed, has a Belgian accent.
119. "JACQUES" asked them if they were fit to walk a long distance as it was to be an extremely strenuous journey. The [redacted] couple were told that they would have to go by an easier route.
120. POSTMA and DE VOS were then taken to the Chambre Meuble in the Rue St.Ursule at Toulouse, next to the Restaurant au Grand Souleir. They were told to remain there and that they would probably leave on the Monday. They were given instructions to be very careful as it was extremely dangerous in Toulouse.
121. It was not until 15-12-1943 that they were visited by a French passeur, name unknown. He told them to go to the station where they would be issued with tickets. Meanwhile they had been joined by a Belgian officer named HOX (Charles Hoxa) (last heard of at Sort in Spain and ALEXANDER (Georges Alexander) (RPS18.725), both of whom had come from Switzerland.
122. While they were getting on to the train at Toulouse they were contacted by a young French boy who told them to stay in the train and explained how many station they were to pass before they alighted. At the other end they would be met by a M. CHARBONNIER (alias of Jean Louis Bazerque)
123. They alighted at Montrejeau where they were met by M. CHARBONNIER, experienced no control on leaving the station. They were led to a railway embankment and a car was fetched. About eight or nine of the group all climbed into the car and were driven off.
124. Some distance further on they were told to alight and to hide by the side of the road whilst the car went back to fetch some members of the party which consisted of about 30 people. The car passed them on the way back and returned to fetch them. DE VOS is not certain of the route taken when they began to walk but he believes they were taken to a farm near St.Bertrand where they spent the night.
125. At 10.00 hours on 16-12-1943 they set off and walked until about midday, straight up into the hills. Then they walked on in the afternoon and reached another farm at about 16.00 hours. This farm was probably near Cierp. They rested there and walked on the same evening being led in groups of two or three through Cierp. They all joined up again in a field and walked on all night.
126. Next morning at about 06.00 hours they reached Spain and rested in a hut. De VOS was suffering from a stiff knee and was exhausted. POSTMA and a certain Willem VAN DER ENDE (now in Madrid) who had joined them at Montrejeau, set off again.
127. DE VOS stayed behind with another Dutchman Hans KAHN (RPS20.085) who had also joined them at Montrejeau. By about mid-day DE VOS felt much better so they walked down into the valley. On the way they were arrested by the Spanish police and taken to Bausen. Next day they were transferred to Les and then to Vaille where they were placed in a hotel.
128. There were then moved via Esterri to Sort where they remained under "residence forcee" for 14 days. On 06-01-1944 they were transferred to Lerida but were not placed in prison. They lived under "residence forcee" at the Hotel Quatros Naciones.
129. On 06-02-1944 DE VOS was permitted to leave legally for Madrid where he lived at the Hotel International. There he reported to Captain [redacted] of the Dutch Intelligence Service and was informed that he was to be sent by plane to the UK.
130. On 17-02-1944 he reported to Mr. Mor hand of the British Consulate and was taken via Serville to Huelva where he was smuggled on board of the s.s. "LORESTONE" for Gibraltar.
131. Finally on 02-03-1944 he embarked on aircraft FD-939, arriving Hendon 03-03-1944 and was later sent on to the R.V.P.S. 4-3-1944.
132. DE VOS stated that whilst he was being interrogated by the Counter-espionage Department (meaning MI-6), he was informed that VAN DAM was a Gestapo Agent. This was a surprise to DE VOS because as far as he had been able to ascertain, he had had no reason to suspect VAN DAM. He states that if VAN DAM is, in fact, a Gestapo Agent he must be an extremely clever man.
133. The description of the journey from Toulouse to Spain agrees with that given in the report on ALEXANDER (RPS 18.725)
134. Before leaving Holland [redacted] instructed DE VOS to contact [redacted] giving him the address c/o Stelcorn Ltd. London. He told DE VOS that he had remained in contact with [redacted] via a Dutchman, [redacted]Zurich. DE VOS telegraphed [redacted] after he had arrived in Madrid and asked him to forward him £20 as he wished to buy a watch and other useful belongings. He received a reply that he would first of all have to obtain a Treasury permit which he could not obtain. He discussed the matter with Captain RICHARDS of the British Intelligence Service in Gibraltar and was then able to have £25 sent out. Captain RICHARDS gave him a cheque for £18 which he still has in his possession, having had no time to spend the money.
135. VAN DAM was ill at the time of DE VOS' departure from Holland so DE VOS was unable to contact him in order to obtain the references which VAN DAM had promised to give him. As a result of the illness, VAN DAM was unaware that DE VOS had left.
136. DE VOS appeared to tell his story in a perfectly frank manner. He is a well bred young student and is not yet 20 years of age.
137. It would seem to me that is a disadvantage from the intelligence point of view that DE VOS should have been informed that VAN DAM is known to us as a Gestapo Agent. However, it does not appear to worry him and he acts with a clear conscience. It would appear that he carried out his contact with VAN DAM in the good faith that VAN DAM was a genuine clandestine organisation member. If VAN DAM is definitely a Gestapo Agent then I feel that DE VOS has been used as a dupe, especially as he admits that he has not had a great deal of experience in clandestine work. It would also seem that the reason why DE VOS was not arrested at the end of the journey, in a similar manner to [redacted] was because he had the good fortune to leave Holland without VAN DAM being aware of his departure.
138. So far I have merely taken down DE VOS story and I do not feel that I can recommend his release until he has been re-interrogated about his contacts after more information has become available about these various people.
Redacted under FOI exemption 40(2). Closed until 2031
According to Megan Koreman's book 'Gewone Helden', Pieter de Vos crossed the Pyrenees with: Dr. Anselm Polak Daniels, Ariane Boon-Hartsink, Sjeerp Postma, V.A. Mans, George Alexander, Lannoy, Charles Hoxa, Philip Tuts, Kroone, Greidanus, Lex Gans, Jack Bottenheim, Kobus en Hugo Visser. It's vey likely that Hans Kahn and Willem van der Ende should be added to this group too.
Dr. Anselm Polak Daniels, geboren 21-01-1901, overleden 08-06-1986 te Den Haag, getrouwd op 25-03-1944 met:
Ariana Margaretha Boon Hartsinck, geboren 05-10-1911 te Lage Vuursche, overleden 12-09-1980 te Wassenaar.
In de oorlog wist Polak Daniels met zijn toekomstige echtgenote Jot Boon Hartsinck naar Zwitserland te ontkomen. Maar niet zo maar een vluchteling; hij had goed voorbereide plannen tot vorming van medische hulpteams die Nederlandse gevangenen na hun bevrijding uit de concentratiekampen zouden kunnen verzorgen. Helaas mislukte zijn grootse opzet die wellicht velen het leven had kunnen redden, maar later zou hij, inmiddels majoor in het Nederlandse leger, in het bevrijde Praag op persoonlijke basis nog iets hiervan realiseren.
Sjeerp Postma werd in 1944 als geheim agent boven Nederland gedropt.
V.A. Mans, zou dit Karel August Mans kunnen zijn, de latere BI geheim agent die ook boven Nederland gedropt is?
George Alexander (B),
Charles Hoxa (B),
Philippus Christiaan Tuts, married in July 1951 in Chelsea with Margret Vaughn. He possibly settled in New York.
Johan Greidanus, werd als geheim agent boven Nederland gedropt en verdronk in de Loosdrechtse Plassen.
Lex Gans, in 1962: "… Door een foutieve 'timing' was ik in oktober 1942 in het kamp Westerbork geraakt, waarvan ik mij eigenlijk alleen nog de onbeschrijfelijke chaos herinner. Met zijn perfide speculatie op de gevoelens van angst en op de medewerking van de Joodse Raad had de bezetter kans gezien zonder veel opschudding te verwekken een groot deel van de joodse mannelijke bevolking samen te brengen in de werkkampen van de Nederlandse Heidemaatschappij. (…) Op de eerste vrijdag in oktober van het jaar 1942 werden alle werkkampen omsingeld door de beruchte groene politie en de volgende dag werd de gehele bevolking van de kampen naar Westerbork gedeporteerd. De barakken in doorgangskamp Westerbork raakten overvol, de voedselrantsoenen werden steeds kleiner, de hygiënische toestanden onhoudbaar. Later zou blijken dat het nog erger kon.
In deze chaos van een overbevolkt kamp was ik in de eerste dagen van oktober verzeild geraakt en ik had slechts korte tijd nodig om te beseffen dat ik hier zo snel mogelijk weer vandaan moest zien te komen. (…) Na een verblijf van een par dagen in het kamp liep ik op een morgen weer speurend naar mogelijkheden de barakken af. Ik zag hoe een groep van 60 of 70 gevangenen zich onder politietoezicht twee aan twee gingen opstellen en besloot aan de staart van het peleton te gaan hangen. Mijn buurman in de rij bracht mij snel op de hoogte van wat er gaande was. De groep bleek een werkploeg te zijn (...) aangewezen om die morgen een trein te lossen (…) op het station Hooghalen. Hier lag mijn kans.
Als de ploeg het kamp wil uitmarcheren beginnen twee SS-ers de papieren te controleren. Papieren die Gans niet bezat: “Noem het geluk, noem het voorzienigheid, halverwege de rij kregen de heren genoeg van de controle en gaven met een handbeweging te kennen dat de hele troep mocht doorgaan. (…) Drie uur later stond ik op de Brink in Assen.
Gans reist naar Amsterdam en duikt onder bij de tekenares en illustratrice Lotte Ruting.
Gans: "Het was in de laatste week van september in het jaar 1943 dat ik een gevoel kreeg van jongen-neem-de-benen-want-het-loopt-mis. Amsterdam begon in die dagen voor een bona fide onderduiker die zich niet koest wilde houden een ietwat benauwde atmosfeer te vertonen. Twee maal had het moffengespuis mij te pakken gehad en twee maal was ik losgelaten zonder dat mijn ware identiteit aan het licht was gekomen."
Met vervalste papieren die hij van 'Henri', een Frans journalist met Zwitsers paspoort, had gekregen, vlucht hij eerst per trein via Parijs naar Toulouse, en dan per auto naar de Pyreneeën. Daar worden hij en zes andere Nederlanders, een Canadees piloot, drie Fransen en twee Italianen door 'passeurs' per voet naar Spanje geleid. De barre tocht duurt twee dagen, maar verloopt zonder incidenten. Vervolgens zorgen Nederlandse diplomaten ervoor dat hij en de andere Nederlanders via Madrid naar Gibraltar kunnen reizen, en vandaar naar Londen.
Gans, in 1962: "Terugblikkend op míjn oorlog constateer ik dat Hitler erin is geslaagd mijn familie bijna volledig uit te roeien. Het is hem gelukt mij in mijn eigen land het leven van een vogelvrijverklaarde te laten leiden. Ik heb mijn huid kunnen redden en niet meer dan mijn huid.
Alexander Gans, dichter. Geboren 26-05-1916 Grijpskerk, overleden 20-03-1999 Palamos, Spanje.
Jack Charles Bottenheim (HS9/188/1), Born 08-06-1917 Berlin, died 26-04-1972. Married 30-11-1946 Caryl Rosemary
Hans Gerhard Kahn, 12-12-1922, Berlin; 18-05-2018, Ceasarea. Founder of Jumbo Shipping.
Willem van der Ende,