NAME: Kwint, Pieter Jacob
BORN: 04-08-1922, Meppel
ARRIVED IN ENGLAND: 00-01-1944, Liverpool
TRAINED AS: agent
TO THE FIELD: 05-07-1944/06-07-1944
MISSION: FIVES I
CRASHED AT: IJsselmeer
CRASHED WITH: Verhoef & Walter & Bockma
RETURNED TO ENGLAND: NA
AFTER MISSION REPORT: NA
ALIAS: FIVES, Pieter Krant
NAMES IN THE FIELD: Pieter Nijhof
WITH ORGANIZATION: RVV
TX LOCATIONS: NA
SOURCES: Frans Kluiters
REMARKS: In de nacht van 5 op 6 juli 1944 vertrok het vliegtuig Lockheed Hudson FK790 vanaf vliegbasis Tempsford, bij Londen, naar Nederland. Aan boord waren 8 personen, 4 Engelse vliegers en 4 Nederlandse geheimagenten: Pieter Jacob Kwint, Pleun Verhoef, Johannes Albertus Walter en Jan Bockma. De in Engeland opgeleide agenten zouden boven de Appelsche Heide, bij Nijkerk, uit het toestel springen en het verzet ondersteunen tegen de Duitsers. Boven de Waddenzee is het toestel mogelijk getroffen door een Duitse jager en 4 km ten westen van Kornwerderzand neergestort in het IJsselmeer. Alle 8 inzittenden zijn omgekomen en 7 lichamen zijn indertijd drijvend aangetroffen. In 1997 zijn de overblijfselen van de gezagvoerder uit de wrakstukken geborgen.
Peter Kwint studied at the University of Amsterdam When he was required to sign a declaration of loyalty to the Germans, he went into hiding and joined the underground movement. After a while he decided to come to England. On 8th November 1943 he left Amsterdam for Paris, where he stayed for a while before moving on. Later, whilst on Spanish soil, he was arrested and jailed: kept in overcrowded and dirty conditions, and without medical assistance, Peter was passed from one jail to another. Release came on 19th January 1944, when he was put on a train to Madrid. After reporting to the Dutch consulate, and buying clothing and shoes, he was, with about 100 others, transported through Spain to Portugal. From here, Peter was put on a ship, the Ondura, bound for Liverpool.
Following interrogation at the Patriotic School he was asked to join the Secret Service and to return to Holland. He joined the Dutch BBO and, after training, was given the rank of 2nd Lieutenant on 3rd July 1944. Two days later he died trying to return to his country.
On the night of 5/6th July 1944, Hudson FK790 of 161 Special Duties Squadron, accelerated down the runway, at Tempsford in Bedfordshire, and took off into a bright, moonlit sky. The intended destination was Nijkerk in Holland. On board the aircraft the crew were: Flt. Lt. Menzies (Pilot), F./O. Bunney (Navigator), Sgt. Withers (Wireless Operator) and Sgt. Eliot (Air Gunner). Also on board were four passengers, Dutch agents, who were to be dropped into occupied Holland to team up with local resistance groups and carry out their alloted tasks. These four were, Peter Kwint, Jan Bockma, Pleun Verhoef and Johannes Walter. Little did those on board know that this was to be their final flight. No communications were received from the aircraft after take off and the following day (6th July 1944) it was logged as missing.
The course that the aircraft would have flown would have taken it from Tempsford, out over the coast at Aldeburgh and across the North Sea (at low level to avoid German radar), then turning between the Friesian Islands of Terschelling and Texel to continue on southwards to Nijkerk; the destination was never reached.
Over the past years during my research I have come across various theories as to why the aircraft went missing: collision with the dyke, as they would have been flying at extremely low level; being shot down by anti-aicraft fire and, of course, nightfighter action. The fate of FK790 has been in doubt for fifty-seven years now the final moments of that fateful flight can be told
In April 2001 I posted a request on an Internet site asking for information about the night of 5/6th July 1944 and the missing Hudson; of the replies I received one stood out from the rest. Huub van Sabben wrote "The Makkum-case has had my special attention for many years...". I immediately replied, giving details of the flimsy information that I had. It was this reply from Huub that, within 10 days, led to the finding of the German air gunner who shot down FK790.
Huub managed to conduct a telephone interview with the former air gunner which, whilst enlightening, was not really conclusive. That was until the interview took an unexpected turn towards the end.
The German, (I will call him Herr G, to respect his request to remain anonymous) was, at first, reluctant to talk. Eventually he gave a description of the night's events. He remembered being held in readiness on board his aircraft, at Leeuwarden, when the call to intercept a "Tommy" approaching from the North came through. He then explained that they had intercepted the aircraft and, by use of the upward firing cannons, shot the aircraft down.
It was at this point, with the conversation apparently drawing to a close, Herr G. instructed Huub not to hang up as he had more to tell. Did Huub know about the secret agents on board? Up to this point no mention of agents had been made. Herr G. went on to tell how he and the other two crew members of the Messerschmidt had been in trouble when they got back. Instructions had been issued, although not received by Herr G. or his fellow crew members, that the approaching aircraft was NOT to be shot down until after the agents were dropped. Herr G. said "We should have followed the aircraft until the agents were dropped. As we were expecting the aircraft the agents would have been arrested at the DZ...".
The mystery of the disappearance of Hudson FK790 has been solved except for one small point. How did the Germans know the aircraft was coming?