@ ROYEN, Gerrit
Name: REISIGER, Gerrit Heinrich.
P.T.C. 25-11-1943 (MI-5 & C only).
MI-5 advice: We have no information considering this applicant other than that obtained in DRC file RPS/17.581.
Born: 01-12-1917 Haarlemmermeer, Holland.
Occupation: Dutch Army (Artillery, Sergeant).
Pte. Add. Gerard van Spaandelstraat 20, Tilburg, Holland.
Father: Gerrit Heinrich Reisiger, Porter.
Mother: Annemarie Smorenburg. Living at Gerard van Spaandelstraat 20, Tilburg, Holland.
Remarks: Student at STS-7 commencing.
SD signed: 30-12-1943 16-01-1944
History: Sergeant in Horse Artillery, during invasion was Customs official at Roosendaal, Holland.
Father and Mother as above.
Father aged 62, Mother 67.
Wife: Hendrik Janna Aarendonk, 24, Emmastraat 26 Rosendaal.
Brother: Theodorus Reisiger, 38, Priest, Klooster Capucynente, 's Bosch.
Bother: Cornelis, 36, Koster, Hoefstraat 58, Tilburg.
Sister: Johanna, 29, at Gerard van Spaandonckstraat 40, Tilburg. Married to Harry Kremers, Driver for a Grocer's firm.
Hendrika Janna Aarendonk, born 22-05-1919, Utrecht. Married 07-01-1942, Utrecht. Died 1958.
Hobbies: Odd jobs about the house.
Areas known: Utrecht, Tilburg, Rosendaal areas.
Conscripted 1936, in 5th Regiment Artillery, Volunteered 1937 for Regular Army. Cpl in 5th Reg. Art.
1940 promoted Sergeant. Demobilised 15-07-1940.
7 years Primary School in Tilburg, till 1932.
1932-1936 Foundry in Tilburg. (Firm. Weduwe Krysen).
March 1941 Clerk in Machine factory M.E.A.F. (components for U-boats) Utrecht.
February 1942 Customs official in Rosendaal till 01-04-1943.
29-04-1943 Left Holland with Joop Dress (Vivaldistraat 2, Utrecht), son of the Director M.E.A.F. Cy.
Belgium, France, Spain (arrived 12-05-1943).
12-05-1943 arrested by police, Figueras prison till 20-05-1943.
Gerona prison till 30-05-1943.
Forced residence at Caldas Malevelle till 15-07-1943.
15-08-1943 Released. To Madrid.
17-09-1943 to Portugal. left for Gibraltar on 21-10-1943.
04-11-1943 arrived in England.
SAB report 08-12-1943.
Remarks: A pleasant calm steady man of average intelligence. His manner id quiet and generally self possessed. His loyalty and seriousness of purpose are beyond question. He is unhesitating and decisive, but makes little use of his brain or his imagination. His mind works slowly and he is apt to become confused and forgetful in face of difficulties. He is physically strong, very determined and quite fearless. He expresses a liking for WT and his temperament is such as to warrant trying him in this direction. Alternatively, he is not without leadership capacity on a NCO level and might prove a good leader of a small sabotage or coup de main group.
Country Section remarks: It has been decided to train this man for WT. Having regard to the above remarks and the section's need for operators. He is at present attending the WT preparatory school and I would like him to continue at STS-52.
Sgt. van Blankenstein STS-22 22-12-1943.
Has German grandfather. religious upbringing in small provincial towns. Father a porter at the Provinciale Voedselcommissaries. On demobilisation on 15-07-1940 and since then lived on "wachtgeld". Mature.
very good natured. Straightforward and truthful. Intelligent but slow. Sensible, reserved and calm in appearance; inwardly very sensitive and even nervous. Seems to lack confidence in himself. High sense of duty. Left Holland, where he could have earned a lot of money as Custom Official on the Dutch-Belgian border, to rejoin the Dutch Army in Great Brittain. Has set to work with great keenness, very much interested in Arthritis but terribly concerned about this branch of the training because slower than the average student. It has taken me much persuasion to instil confidence in him. He was inclined at first to get discouraged and give up hope, but he is now fully confident again and working hard to reach the required standard. he also likes the physical and weapon part of the training. It is a great pity that he has been placed amongst students whose language he does not understand. He does not speak French or English and social intercourse with the other students is consequently difficult. The fact that he is the only 33 at the school makes him also self conscious. But apart from his little fits of discouragement, he is happy in his training and among his companions, and his morale is high.
This student reads and sends morse at 6 wpm. He is slow but very dependable and is making steady progress. At weapon training he is good and will turn out to be a good shot. At physical training he tries very hard and has good stamina. At vaulting and jumping he is inclined to be cumbersome.
Sgt. van Blankenstein STS-22 29-12-1943.
Security sound. Knows very few people in England and does not run great risk of meeting anyone who knew him in Holland. Intends to discard all country badges and titles from his uniform when he goes on leave to prevent being questioned by members of the Dutch Forces. Full of praise for the training staff and the way he is being treated. having improved greatly during the last week, he has gained confidence as regards his capacities of doing this kind of work and is quite happy. Though handicapped by the language question, he is a good mixer and is liked by the students of the other parties who have fallen for his simple ways and his and his sympathetic personality. Morale is good. Has regular habits, goes early to bed, does not drink. Does not boast. On the contrary judges himself severely. He is far from being satisfied with his actual work and is working overtime to improve his results.
Sgt. van Blankenstein STS-22 04-01-1944.
Still worried about his slow progress at Arthritis. Likes the work and puts in a lot of extra time to improve. he hopes to be given the chance of staying here longer and finish his training at the required standard. Morale good. Having no Dutch books or newspapers to read, would like very much to receive regularly Dutch periodicals and magazines. Was very grateful for Xmas gifts from his country Section (received a week late unfortunately) and particularly pleased with pictures of Dutch Royal Family, which hang now over his bed. I would also like to mention that he has not heard anything about his pay; however, this does not worry him, possibilities of spending being very limited up here.
STS-22 was based at Rhubana Lodge, a former fishing lodge located on the western shore of Loch Morar, next to the start of the River Morar, and it had been built in the 1860's by the then Laird of Morar, Eneas MacDonell, to serve Loch Morar.
No great powers of concentration. This hamper him during his training. His strict and religious upbringing has made him rather prudish. He can not listen to blue jokes or songs and has to leave the room if anything of that kind is being said. His morale is excellent. Receiving regularly now Dutch papers. Pay has also come through. Has had letters from his brother, wife, etc, who are in occupied country. This cheered him up considerably.
Security very sound. A sympathetic provincial man, very honest and truthful, religiously minded and brought up, good natured and thoroughly reliable. Very slow, though he is nervous. Good emotional stability; steady type, not likely to fall for excesses of any kind. Is married and not interested in other women. Handles money normally. High sense of duty. Strong patriotic feelings towards his country. Stoud admirer of our war effort. Morale good. His training was a continuous struggle to keep up but he showed persevering qualities and won the battle. Very keen on arthritis and also likes other branches. Morale is good. Is accepting future confidently. Putting aside language difficulties, he is a good mixer and is well liked.
MT-3 to N 18-01-1944.
Will proceed direct to STS-52 for WT training from STS-51 on or about 21-01-1944.
L/CEM-3 to MT-3 19-01-1944.
No security objection to the above.
NL to MT 21-01-1944.
Confirming the above.
STS-HQ to STS-51 13-01-1944.
Will attend a course commencing 16-01-1944.
This student was fit on arrival and carried out the P.T. and ground training in quite a good style. He seemed to find a little difficulty picking up the training to start with, but once having done anything he gained confidence and performed well. He made four descents, two from an aircraft and one from a balloon by day and from from an aircraft by night. He took part in the night exercise. His actual descents were quite well executed although his landing technique was not good. A quiet, keen type, went through in good style and was every way well behaved, appreciated and punctual.
FOUR DESCENTS SECOND CLASS.
STS-51A - DUNHAM HOUSE. Address: Dunham Massey, Altrincham. Purpose: Parachute Training School.
(For Allied Personnel).
Capt. Clitheroe STS-52 25-02-1944.
Understands little of any language other than Dutch, which is a great handicap from the training point of view. However, he is doing his best to surmount this difficulty and to learn English. An extremely pleasant individual with a keen sense of humour. very willing, never grumbles. Should prove an extremely successful student, in spite of the language difficulty.
STS 52 - Thame Park, Oxfordshire - security training for wireless operators.
S-Phone: Has tried hard and has fair all round knowledge.
Recommended: Qualified to maintain under favourable conditions and operate in his own language. In English after further practice.
Eureka: Requires further tuition.
R.C. Work General: A hard working student who only came up to average in all subjects. His knowledge of English was not good and this no doubt was a handicap. Is capable of operating S-Phone in his own language but is not recommended as a Eureka operator. Would be a useful member of a R.C. operation under leadership.
STS-40 - Howbury Hall, near Waterend, Bedford - training in use of EUREKA, REBECCA and S-Phone. Reception Committee School.
STS-HQ to Group B 25-05-1944.
Will attend course at STS-32B on 28-05-1944. He is a WT operator, does not speak English.
D/CEM-2 to N 26-05-1944.
No security objection to the above.
Sgt. Fleming STS-32B 12-06-1944.
This man started out on the course in a very keen mood, which was mainly due to the fact that he had been staying in London for about a week. As his command of the English language is very poor and as he also has no friends here, he does not like staying in London on his own for long. A second reason is that he is very eager to get started on his mission as soon as possible. About half way through the course he felt a bit irritated as a result, I think, of the fact that he found the continued lectures rather tiring. From what he told me he has never done any studying and he felt it was getting too much for him. At first he took the attitude that a lot of the things he learned would be useless to him in his job. However, at the close of the course he was very enthusiastic about the thing he had been taught and was glad he had done the course. With the present regulations in the area it was impossible for us to leave the house in our spare time and that together with the fact that he had no Dutch literature to amuse himself was the reason that he had very little opportunity for recreation in what little spare time there was. From what I have seen of the man I should judge that he was a good man, provided he was handled in the right way. In a way he is rather stubborn and wants to have his own way in certain respects. If he had to work for somebody who made him feel that he had a say in matters concerning his job he would do his best to make a success of it. If, however, he were dealt with in a dictatorial manner, he would resent it and might prove difficult in handling. On our return to London he expressed his fear that he would be kept waiting here without anything to do, which would not do him any good. I might add that he gave me the impression of being quick tempered on occasion when he says things he regrets later on but this may have been a result of his irritation at having to sit still and listen to lectures all day.
He is intelligent, but a slow thinker. He was keen and worked hard. He is, however, very young mentally and lacks experience of the world. He gave the impression that some sides of the work were slightly distasteful to him. In character he is a strait-forward simple, with a tendency to dream. He has a charming personality is easy to get on with and should be both popular and respected. He is not a leader but should be capable of acting as a junior lieutenant to a para-military organisation.
Codes: Quick and accurate at codes work, but should be given as much practise as possible on his conventions.
C.O. remarks: A quiet type of man, who seems to have a quick brain, behind a vacant looking exterior. We have not had him for any training apart from the 11 day Exercise.
STS-50 - Gorse Hill, Witley near Godalming in Surrey.
N/T advise 28-08-1944.
Left for the field on night 7/8-08-1944.
Measurements: Height 5'8"; 10 st 7 lbs; chest normal 34½; expanded 36½; waist 32.4"; seat 37";
back-naps to waist 19"; centre to shoulder9; elbow 20.2"; wrist 33"; leg outside 17"
inside 35"; head 22½; foot 11½"
Description: Oval face, thick fair hair, slightly receding on temples, no parting. Light blue eyes; big nose, convex;
fair eyebrows; small mouth; leans forward when walking, round shoulders.
29-11-1943 - Park view Hotel.
05-12-1943 - STS-7.
08-12-1943 - Rhodesia Court.
09-12-1943 - STS-22.
16-01-1944 - STS-51.
22-01-1944 - STS-52.
29-01-1944 - Howard Hotel.
06-02-1944 - STS-52.
24-02-1944 - London.
25-02-1944 - STS-52.
27-02-1944 - London.
28-02-1944 - STS-52.
06-05-1944 - Averard Hotel.
14-05-1944 - STS-40.
24-05-1944 - Green Park Hotel.
28-05-1944 - Group B.
10-06-1944 - Howard Hotel.
15-06-1944 - STS-50.
19-07-1944 - Flat.
07-08-1944 - STS-61.
7/8-08-1944 - In the field.
Copy for S.O.E.
17.581 R.V.P.S. 10-11-1943
REISIGER Gerrit Heinrich @ Gerrit ROCHARD @ Gerrit VAN BERKEL @ Gerrit HENCRICUS
Born: 01-12-1917 Haarlemmermeer.
Occupation: Sgt. Dutch Army / Assistant Customs Official.
Religion: Roman Catholic.
Political Associations: None.
Father: Gerrit Heinrich, born Haarlemmermeer 1878 (?), living at 20 Gerard Van Spaandonkstraat, Tilburg.
Mother: Anna Maria nee SMOORENBURG, born Haarlemmermeer 1873 (?), living with husband.
Brother: Theodorus, 37, Priest, Capucin Convent, Den Bosch.
Brother: Cornelis, 34, married to Dina HENDRICKE, Dutch, Verger/Organist, living at 58 Hoefstraat, Tilburg.
Sister: Johanna, 28, married to Harry KREMERS, Dutch, Greengrocer, living at 40 Gerard van Spaandonkstr, Tilburg.
Married: 07-01-1942 at Utrecht.
Wife: Hendrika Janna nee AARENDONK, born Utrecht 1920, living at Emmastraat 20, Roosendaal.
Last permanent address: 26 Emmastraat, Roosendaal.
1. Dutch Passport A. 26769 issued by the Dutch Consul at Madrid on 02-06-1943.
2. Conscription Circular issued by the Dutch Consul at Lisbon on 16-09-1943.
3. Letter from the Dutch Legation, Lisbon stating bearer proceeding to the UK to be incorporated in the Netherlands
Forces, dated 05-09-1943.
4. Authorisation from the Dutch Legation to proceed to Lisbon, dated 14-09-1943 and 25-09-1943.
5. Appointment as Sergeant in the Dutch Army issued at The Hague 10-06-1940.
6. Military Contract dated Amersfoort 11-10-1938.
7. Discharged and Pay Certificate by the Department of Defence, The Hague 05-12-1940.
8. Residence Permit issued by the Seguirdad, Madrid on 17-08-1943.
9. Certificate of Identity issued by the Dutch Consul at Madrid on 16-08-1943
Port of embarkation: Gibraltar.
Date and Port of arrival: 04-11-1943, Plymouth, ex "Prince Albert".
Arrival at R.V.P.S. 07-11-1943.
1. REISIGER was born at Haarlemmermeer on 01-12-1917 and states that his grandfather, about the year 1870, came from Germany and although REISIGER never known him, understands that he became naturalised before marrying and settling down at Haarlemmermeer, where he had a business which later REISIGER's father took over.
Dirk Heinrich Reisiger, born on February 18, 1847 in Schwagstorf (Germany), peatworker by profession. Son of Gerhard Wilhelm Reisiger and Maria Elisabeth Holtkamp.
2. REISIGER went to elementary school at the afore-mentioned place until he was 8 years of age, when his parents moved to Tilburg after his father's business had failed and he had obtained an appointment as overseer at a cardboard factory in Tilburg; when his son continued at school until 1932.
3. Thereupon, until 1936, REISIGER worked as a smith's assistant and then did his military service with the 5th Artillery at Amersfoort, subsequently signing on as a regular solder with the same unit in the rank of Corporal.
4. He remained at the depot until the end of 1939 and after the mobilisation, was incorporated in the 19th Regiment at Schoonhoven, while from there he was sent to a NCO course at The Hague, where he was doing his examinations at the time the invasion started in May, 1940. As a result, was straight away promoted to Sergeant.
5. He and several other s spent the five war days with the Artillery Inspection Depot in the Jan van Nassaustraat at The Hague.
6. He was finally demobilised at Tiel where he was sent after the capitulation to a unit formed from the 3rd Regiment from Breda. This was on 15-07-1940, where he refused to enter the Opbouwdienst and instead volunteered for the police being appointed for Rotterdam, but not accepted in the end since he did not come up to the required medical standard; apparently at that time there was a very large demand from military personnel.
7. REISIGER then remained with his parents at Tilburg living on his wachtgeld (Army pay) which was at first Fl. 60,- but which gradually decreased to Fl.30,-
8. In March 1941 however, his wife - who was then his fiancee and who was living at Utrecht with her father and who he had originally met there when he appeared before the Police Selection Committee - got him a job through a neighbour of hers, as a clerk in the costing department of the M.E.A.F. (Machine and Apparatus factory) at Kroeselaan, Utrecht.
9. He states that he really took this as a temporary job, since it was extremely difficult to get anything in Holland and he was living in the end practically completely on his parents.
10. However, in February 1942, he was taken on as an assistant Customs Official at Roosendaal. He obtained this job through the O.P.V. (Society for the Provision of Employment for ex-army Personnel) of The Hague, to whom he had applied after he had been turned down for the Rotterdam Police, but up to that time had not heard anything.
11. He states there was definitely no question of having to belong to the NSB and that practically all his comrades from what he has seen of them at Roosendaal, are absolutely loyal.
12. remained at Roosendaal as assistant Customs Official and in the meantime married and rented a house at 26 Emmastraat, Roosendaal, where his wife is probably still living, either letting rooms or more probably in his opinion- being supported by his parents; for when he eventually left Holland he said nothing to het of his intentions, but departed in the usual manner as if going to work. He had, however, previously told his mother about what he proposed to do, asking her to look after his wife
13. from letters he subsequently received since his escape, his wife appears to be all right. REISIGER wrote home under the cover names of Gerrit ROCHARD, Gerrit Jan BERKEL and Gerrit HENRICUS and he states that although there have been cases of treats to families of people who like himself, have absconded, he does not know of a case where the Germans have actually done anything.
14. On 29-04-1943 RIESIGER left with JOOP DRES, a son of a foreman of the works at Utrecht and the neighbour of REISIGER's fiancee, who had taken REISIGER on for that employment.
Johannes Karel Wilhelm Dres, born 01-04-1919 at Haarlem.
15. REISIGER's difficulty had always been, in the first place, languages since he only speaks Dutch, and the boy DRES had been sent to work first in Germany and later in France, so that besides speaking French he also had experience of France/
16. At present, he is still in Spain having been caught in the party that, as is known, tried to leave clandestinely for Portugal on the so called Pallandt route.
17. Apparently DRES had used to cover of his employment to smuggle cigarette papers and tobacco, and besides having French and Belgium money knew the ropes.
18. REISIGER of course knew the border area inside out in view of his job and has stated that on 29-04-1943 they set off and crossed the border in the early hours at Nispen. They caught a local train at Esschen to Antwerp and from there continued to Brussels.
19. From here they travelled to Tournai and eventually decided to remain in the train over the border although REISIGER states his companion had heard something about a control being reinstituted at the Belgium-French border.
20. On arriving at the border, everyone had to alight and had to pass before a Belgian in civilian clothing to whom REISIGER and his companion flourished their Dutch Identity cards, showing only the photo side in its celluloid cover/ The man only glanced at them and must have thought that they were official passes, for no comment was made.
21. There were, however, several Germans about and these here and there would pick out an individual and ask to see his papers independently of the Belgian official.
22. REISIGER and DRES were fortunate, however, and re-entered the train to continue their journey to Lille. Here they spent the night having arrived after dusk at a café, name unknown, which DRES discovered after considerable difficulty, and where they were allowed to stay the night without registering.
23. The following day, they travelled to Paris where they spent the night in a small hotel, name unknown, which DRES knew of, off the Boulevard de Sebastopol.
24. The next day, 01-05-1943, they travelled by rail to Rennes without encountering any control and from there by a local train to St. Malo. Here DRES said he had to settle a matter concerning Wehrmacht ships material which he was concerned with the stealing and reselling to persons unknown to REISIGER. During this time, after the first night with a cobbler by the name of MESNY, REISIGER was placed in a room at the house of the Blanchisserie Moderne until 06-05-1943.
25. How or what DRES was actually doing, REISIGER does not know, but he understands he was actually supposed to be on leave during this period and every evening would return to their room.
26. Apart from a few walks after dark, REISIGER states he himself did not go out and spent most of his time, when he was not taking a meal, in sleeping.
27. DRES also continued to pay everything, since REISIGER had only Fl.2,- when they left, having been assured by DRES that he need not bother about the financial side of which he , DRES, would take care.
28. On 06'05-1943 they returned by rail to Paris again, no control being encountered on the way and reaching there the following morning.
29. In the evening they travelled to Vierzon, arriving there so far as REISIGER can remember, about 23.00 hours. On arriving they alighted before the train had come to a halt at the station on the wrong side of the platform on the instructions of DRES, who appeared to have done this before, for he seemed to know exactly what he was about.
30. On the adjoining track there were standing two or three empty passenger coaches which they climbed and lay down on one of the compartments, until they heard their train was leaving again. Thereupon they climbed out and boarded the slowly moving train.
31. Here they were unfortunate enough to enter a sleeper and on getting in, upset a grumbling sleeper attendant just inside the door. However, DRES pressed 100 Frs. into his hand and there was no further trouble.
32. On arriving at the next station, not having been able to pass through the coaches, they got out and went along back to their part of the train and continued the journey via Toulouse on to Perpignan where they arrived on the afternoon of 08-05-1943.
33. Here REISIGER confesses he really received a fright, on account of his fair hair, as he noticed two German soldiers standing near the ticket collector at the exit. However, they were not actually controlling the passengers and REISIGER and DRES separating, passed out safely without being stopped, handing in their tickets to the collector in the normal manner.
34. DRES now started to look round cafés for assistance and REISIGER received the impression that he had not been there before. From the advice he was able to collect, he found that they could safely take a bus to Villemolaque and from there they walked along the road to Brouille (Le Boulou), where they were able to cross the bridge over the river Tech, not meeting any control on the bridge.
35. They had a Michelin map and had worked out that they would do best to follow the more easterly fork of the small streams which run N.E. to the Tech and so by proceeding by a south-westerly direction, reach the hills.
36. However, the map did not appear to be accurate or their judgment was at fault, for on following what they thought was the correct stream, which was actually practically dry, they found this gradually diminishing to nothing.
37. In the meantime, it was getting dark and they therefore spent the night in a dry ditch and at dawn (09-05-1943) they continued and found a farmer near St. Genis des Fontaimes, who allowed them to sleep in a hayshed. They had so far spent a very uncomfortable night and had had little sleep on their train journey, so they actually remained here until the early morning of 10-05-1943; the farmer's wife, in the meantime, giving them some food.
38. They then continued on their journey to te west of Laroque and along a stream running due south until eventually they had to cross the Spanish border at about 09.00 or 09.30 hours on 11-05-1943, over the Pique des Trois Thermes, having rested in the open during the darkness before going over the last ridge.
39. They now started to descent until between 13 or 14.00 hours, just before they reaches Cantallops, they were arrested by the Guardia Civil, when begging for food at a house where a member transpired to be quartered.
40. The were interrogated and next day taken by two members of the Guardia Civil to Figueras in a lorry and after further interrogation and registration at the Prefecture, were transferred the same day to the prison there. Here they were detained until 26-05-1943, having on 22-05-1943 been visited by NIJSSEN from the Dutch Consulate, Barcelona and then transferred to Gerona where, on 28-05-1943 NIJSSEN visited them again with KRIENS, the Consul. On 30-05-1943 they were sent to forced residence at Caldas de Malavella.
Arie Kriens, geboren: 23 april 1906 te Sitges, Barçelona, Spanje. Overleden 1988 te Barcelona.
41. NIJSSEN visited them again here, where they were kept in the Hotel Viche Catalan, being supported by the Dutch Consul. Besides themselves, there were eight other Dutchmen, including FRESCO (RPS 17.587), GILLMAUS (RPS 17.595), GOUDONBURG (RPS 17.598) and a Luxenburger, Peter PETRE, who is believed to be still in Portugal or Spain.
42. To their surprise, on 13-07-1943 they were sent to Miranda. However on 15-08-1943 their release was secured and the Dutch Consulate having fetched them, REISIGER was placed in the Hotel Imperio until his papers were completed, enabling him to travel on 07-09-1943 to Portugal. here he was placed in the usual way in the Dutch Colony at Preia de Macas until sent to Gibraltar in the s.s. "Peribonka" on 21-10-1943, there to be embarked in the s.s. "Prince Albert", in which he arrived at Plymouth on 04-11-1943. REISIGER passport bears British visa No. 8106 "tavelling to Glamorganshire".
43. REISIGER can be described as a simple, honest son of the soil. He has never had much education and is not gifted with much brain matter, but I should say he is a good soldier.
44. Although one might question his not trying to leave before, never having been out of Holland and speaking only Dutch, he was of course at a disadvantage and finally he clearly travelled in the hands of DRES.
45. As to his loyalty, I am certain that there is no need - from interrogation - to suspect this in any way.
46. There do not appear tome to be any grounds for holding REISIGER's release and as soon as the look-ups have been completed, I would recommend this to enable him to be reincorporated in the Dutch Army, for which purpose he left Holland and has subsequently been sent here from the Peninsula.
11-11-1943 R.S. Sands
ORDERS FOR: ROYEN Copy No. 1.
1. INFORMATION. TOP SECRET
Messages have been received from the LANDELIJKE ORGANISATIE via the ORDE DIENST and the RAAD VAN VERZET to the effect that they are prepared to undertake resistance activities and mention the disruption of the Dutch Railways and sabotage at the VOLKEL aerodrome. Although the L.O. may be all right, we are not happy as regards the general security of the RVV and the OD. Directions from SHAEF were sent to the RVV in May and from that time, everybody in Holland appears to be aware of these directives. RVV suggests certain sabotage plans, such as the blowing up of the Power Station at DORDRECHT, sabotaging the locks at VREESWIJK, but when they were told to undertake these sabotage acts, they produced excuses. This leads to believe:
I. That the organisations have been penetrated and that therefore the Gestapo are aware of their plans.
II. That communication channels are enemy-controlled.
III. That the organisations are too large and wide-spread to allow for possible success.
A. Operation Name.
The name of your operation is TURNIQUITS and you will be known by this name at the station of your departure.
You will never use this name when you are in the field.
B. Code Names in the Field.
Your field name will be KAREL; this is the only name you or your WT Operator should use in messages from the field and it is the name by which you will be known by other members of the organisation.
The operational code name of your organiser is SCULLING and his name in the field will be DIRK.
You will go to HOLLAND as WT operator for DIRK. You will take orders from him on all matters of mutual concern, but you have the authority to use your own discretion in all matters concerning your own WT work. All measures which you may consider necessary for the safeguarding of your channel of communication will not be interfered with anyone.
In principle DIRK will do all the encoding of his messages to us, and the decoding of our messages to him. he has his own code and you should therefore only use yours for messages relating to wireless matters and the eventual acknowledgement of our messages by Broadcast. You will be shown the prefix that he will use, so that you will know which messages are destined for him and which for you.
DIRK and you will proceed to the contact given you in Annexe I (not available) and after satisfying the contact as to you bona fides, DIRK will explain that his mission is to contact the L.O. If the contact considers that the L.O. had not been penetrated he will arrange for DIRK to contact them. A special password for DIRK has been sent to the L.O. via Radiodienst of the RVV see Annexe II (not available).
DIRK will explain to the L.O. the facts mentioned under "INFORMATION" and that even if our fears are unfounded and although it may be desirable politically for the various underground organisations to work together, it is most important that the sabotage side of the organisations should be separate from the political and intelligence groups. If this is not done, it will lead to misunderstandings, penetration and a total failure of sabotage plans. Acts of sabotage should not be discussed with other groups and when proposals for military sabotage are submitted to us, SHAEF alone will decide whether or not they are to be carried out.
In order that there should not be no misunderstanding, DIRK will take with him a microprint of the directives sent to the RVV from the Supreme Head-Quarters of the Allied Expeditionary Force, a copy of which is attached. See Annexe III (not available). It is your mission to co-operate with the L.O. and DIRK will send us their messages through you. If DIRK's reports are satisfactory, we will arrange to send sabotage instructors and WT operators. DIRK will arrange the dropping grounds and reception committees with them, and advise us so that material can be sent.
When you are both established with the L.O. DIRK will ask them to give their report on the security aspects of the RVV and if they consider the RVV to be unpenetrated, to ask the RVV for special contact addresses were sabotage instructors and WT operators can be sent. It is most important that neither DIRK nor yourself should do ant contacting outside your mission. Personnel previously sent to the field did not listen to us and in consequence are now in enemy hands. (Celosse & Co)
The two of you will take a total of Hfl. 50.000 to be disposed of as follows:
1. The sum of Hfl. 25.000 for delivery to the L.O.
2. The sum of Hfl. 25.000 and some propaganda material, which you will hand to your first and initial contact as per Annexe I (not available) for delivery to the Clandestine Press.
During the July/August moon period you and DIRK will be dropped in HOLLAND at a point which will be explained to you prior to your departure.
Immediately upon landing you will burry your parachute and equipment; the wireless sets will be buried separately and if possible in such a place as can be easily be recognised so that they can be collected by a third party if necessary. If you wish you may bury your revolver with the WT sets.
Initial contact on landing see Annexe I (not available).
Initial contact and or of the organisation see Annexe I (not available).
You organiser will be responsible for installing you in a safehouse from which you can transmit.
DIRK will then make the desired contacts. In the meantime, he will arrange for you to go to another safe address and will keep in touch with you through a system of cut-outs. It will be well if neither of you knows where the other is going.
As you have not been in HOLLAND for a considerable time, DIRK will give you every assistance of establishing yourself and will see to it that you are thoroughly acclimatised and feel confident of being able to live on your own in the country without drawing attention to yourself.
The sum of Hfl. 50.000,- will be carried between the two of you: the disposal of this money has been dealt with in "INTENTION".
You will have also Hfl. 5.000,- for your own use and your partner will have the same sum. In addition, you will each have Ffrs. 2.500, - and Bfrs. 2.500,- for use should you require it in emergency.
The propaganda material contains a message from H.M. The Queen of the Netherlands for the Clandestine Press, also a photograph of her Majesty.
There is a microprint relative to listening posts in HOLLAND as per Annexe IV (not available). It is not of your concern: it will simply be handed over along with the propaganda material by DIRK to the contact of the Clandestine Press.
Pachage - Equipment - Camouflage.
a. Your personal baggage will consist of one briefcase.
b. You will be supplied with Hfl. 200,- in small money for your immediate needs.
c. The remainder of your personal money vis.
Hfl. 4.800, Bfrs. 2.500 & Ffrs. 2.500. is in your money belt. the Hfl. 50.000 will be split up between you and DIRK
(as mentioned in the "INTENTION").
d. DIRK will have the sum of Hfl. 5.000, Ffrs. 2.500 & Bfrs. 2.500 on his person and he will also carry in his money belt
e. Your code (a twelve page on-time-pad), three reserve coins and one reserve mental one-time-pad will be
camouflaged as per Annexe V (not available).
See Annexe VI (not available).
You will have received these in accordance with your requirements.
You have been interviewed as to your requirements for the field and will receive these, plus your parachute equipment, at the station of departure. See Annexe VII (not available).
You have been issued with a Dutch Identity Card.
You have been interviewed by an officer with regard to neutral postboxes, ect. See Annexe VIII (not available).
a. In the field.
You will use the various methodes you have been taught; postboxes, cut-outs, etc. You may also arrange with your organiser the various signals of danger.
You will establish contact by WT with ENGLAND as soon as you consider it safe to do so. You will always destroy immediately that part of your One-Time-Pad which has been used for a previous message. If you do this without exception, the Gestapo will never be able to decode your past messages or be able to prove what your real security check is. Records of messages exchanged with is should not be kept.
In all our messages to DIRK, we shall use his prefix, see Annexe IX (not available). He will also use his prefix in his messages to us.
d. Messages by WT.
You alone will judge the days on which you will transmit, and you will inform DIRK if you consider his messages too long or too numerous for you to handle safely.
In Annexe X (not available) you will find a copy of your reserve poems which you must memorise. You will also receive microprints of your special code which you will take with you.
f. WT Plan.
You will take with you a microprint of your WT plan as per Annexe XI (not available).
You will also receive a microprint of your broadcast plan as per Annexe XII (not available).
h. Identity checks.
If we have reason to suppose that you have been arrested and that the Germans are working your transmitter, we shall ask you an 'innocent" question. If you are safe you will give the correct answer, but if we do not receive the correct answer, we shall presume that you are in enemy hands. See Annexe XIII (not available).
i. Innocent letters.
1. Code. You will use the convention which you have been taught. See Annexe XIV (not available).
2. Address. You will send your innocent letters to the address as per Annexe VIII (not available).
3. Signatures. You will sign your innocent letters KAREL, if we write, we shall sign CHARLOTTE.
It is important that we should remain in contact with you, and if you find that you cannot give us an address before you leave for the field, you should let us have one at the first possible opportunity by WT. For password and reply see Annexe VIII (not available).
k. Should you and DIRK lose each other on landing, you should meet at the place of the initial contact: see Annexe I (not available).
l. BBC Messages.
On the first, second and third days and on the two following Sundays wel shall broadcast as per Annexe XII (not available). This will serve to prove your bona fides.
6. FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS.
Your rank on leaving this country will be 2/Lt. subject to the approval of the Dutch Minister for War, and your salary will be credited to your account with the Dutch Government.
LONDON, 28th July 1944.
NT/TS/308 15th August 1944
To: MT From: N/T-1
Return of students left for the field.
The following students left for the field during the week ending 13 August 1944:
ROYEN - 33-0B-16 (Reisiger)
PLOEG - 33- P-9 (Postma)
HELDER - 33-K-12 (Frank Hamilton)
HEMERIK - 33-0B-12 (Frankie Hamilton)
OWN NAME NAME WHEN IN TRAINING NAME IN THE FIELD
Gerrit Heinrich REISIGER G.H. ROYEN G.H. RANDER
CODE NAME NAME OF OPERATION
REISIGER, Gerrit Heinrich Dutch Section
Born: HAARLEMMERMEER. 01-02-1917.
Alias: ROYEN Gerrit Heinrich @ KAREL @ RAHDER, Gerrit Heinrich.
Sent: From UK 07-08-1944.
Was arrested while transmitting to LONDON on 27 December 1944 in ZEIST by SD. This information was received from one of our WT operators. On 13 January a message was received from another WT operator, saying that agent was taken to THE HAGUE. A further message said he was detained at SCHEVENINGEN, N.W. of THE HAGUE. On 30 March 1945 we were informed that agent was detained at transit camp, AMERSFOORT.
Height 5'8", oval face, high forehead, light blue eyes, big convex nose: small mouth: round chin; thick hair; slightly receding at temples; walks with a stoop.
Unit: Royal Dutch Army.
Rank and Army or personal No: 2/Lieut. (2929).
Name Gerrit Heinrich REISIGER.
2/Lieut. REISIGER a trained WT operator, was parachuted into enemy occupied HOLLAND on 7th August, 1944 in company with an officer-organiser, to establish WT communications between UK and resistance elements.
The task required special care and involved particular danger owing to the confused situation of Dutch resistance at the time and the uncertainty as to the extent of German penetration. REISIGER carried out his initial mission successfully and in the ensuing months maintained communications which were of great importance for the build-up of Resistance in Central Holland.
REISIGER was unable to see the fruits of his work, as he was arrested by the enemy on 28th December 1944 and held prisoner until the end of the war. Others were able to carry on the work which he had so successfully begun.
It is recommended that 2/Lieut. REISIGER be awarded the King's Medal for Courage in the Cause of Freedom.
R.W. Craddock, Colonel
for Major General Gubbins
absent on duty
22 November 1945.
Reisiger was arrested on December 27th 1944 in Zeist in the house of the Klapwijk family at 8 Griffioen Plein. He gave his location away because of is so called 'key-clicks', these clicks were picked up by the Germans and this caused his arrest.
What are key-clicks? Key Clicks are the interference caused due to sudden application and removal of power with rapid surges of current. This interference is present in the form of "clicks". These clicks were pick-up by a German who happen to be listening to the radio.
Gerrit Reisiger was transported on March 15th 1945 from Camp Amersfoort Blok II to concentration camp Neuengamme in Germany. He arrived there on March 18th. He died on April 7th 1945 in subcamp of Neunengamme called Itzehoe.
In transit camp Amersfoort Reisiger was known as prisoner No. 15298.