BERT DE GOEDE.
DE GOEDE, Lambertus Arend.
Born: 02-07-1920 at Vrijban.
Religion: Netherlands Reform Church.
Languages: Dutch, German, Swedish, English.
Father: Nicolaas, manager of Transport at AKU Factory, Ede. Dutch.
Mother: Gerda HARDEMAN, Dutch, residing: Zuider parallelweg 34, Ede, Holland.
Brother: Arend jan, aged 10.
Sisters: Clazina Cornelia, aged 17.
Sophia Gerarda Wilhelmina, aged 29, invalid.
Last address: With parents.
1. Dutch passport No. A 314494, issued Stockholm 03-01-1944, containing
British visa No. 12155, Stockholm 18-02-1944. "Travelling to Glamorganshire".
2. Certificate No. 452 issued by "Commissie voor de Stuurliedenexamens, Gravenhage, 23-07-1943
(Diploma for 3rd Mate).
3. Account of wages from 21-10-1943, s.s. "Beverwijk".
Arrived: 28-02-1944 Leuchars, ex 'plane G-AFGY.
1. Education: Haarlem, Elementary School.
Ede, Elementary School.
ULO, Secondary School, Ede.
2. DE GOEDE terminated his studies at the latter place in 1938 and immediately entered the Amsterdam Nautical School where he remained for two years studying for his Mate's Certificate. He was consequently there when Holland was invaded and being too young was unable to serve his country.
3. He terminated his course on 23-07-1940 and was then transferred for an apprentices' course aboard the "Baloeran"
(Rotterdam Lloyd) under Chief Inspector E. VERNES. During this period one of his colleagues was LE NOBEL (RPS 19697).
4. It was then necessary, before obtaining his Mate's Certificate, for him to obtain practical experience at sea, and to that end on 07-07-1941 he signed on the "Rijn", Captain Smit, which sailed from Rotterdam via Danzig to Sweden. The crew consisted of Dutchmen only, and two trips were undertaken with coal to Danzig from Sweden.
5. DE GOEDE was paid off on 11-10-1941 in Rotterdam and after 3 weeks joined the coastal vessel "Henrietta", Captain IRKENS, full Dutch complement, which sailed direct from Delfzijl to Sweden for timber. He did two trips wth this vessel, signing off in Holland at the beginning of January 1942.
6. In February of the same year he returned to the Nautical School which had been transferred from Flushing to Nijmegen, together with the head VIJN, and the whole staff.
7. It should here be pointed out that about this time DE GOEDE had been asked by his friend Reindert BANGMA
(RPS 17108), who was also at the Nautical School, if he would be willing to distribute copies of "Het Parool" in the Arnhem and Nijmegen districts, and also in the provinces of Gelderland and Overijssel.
8. DE GOEDE undertook to do this and received from his friend the names of those individuals to whom he should deliver copies of the clandestine paper. Chief among these were:
Dulletstraat 26, Arnhem, who, incidentally took over from DE GOEDE after the latter had decided to escape to Sweden.
Groesbeekscheweg 400, Nijmegen.
9. It appears that DE GOEDE undertook this work with so much enthusiasm that he tended to neglect his studies at the Nautical School where he failed in his first examinations in June 1942.
10. This happened again in November 1942, but he states that he was on good terms with the head, VIJN, who permitted him to remain there and take a day off when ever he wished for it and although VIJN was never told the reasons for DE GOEDE's absence from school, the latter is of the opinion that VIJN, whom he regards as an understanding and good Dutchman, had an idea what he was up to.
11. DE GOEDE states that he was able to visit the various contacts in the towns and districts mentioned, either by train or on his bicycle and that his Persoonsbewijs was quite adequate for these journeys.
12. He received all his supplies of "Het Parool" from BANGMA and on occasion used to visit a small house in the middle of Amsterdam situated at Koestraat 8 (?), which had formerly belonged to a Jew who had been arrested and which the organisation had taken over as a packing station.
13. There he also used to meet BANGMA's friend TOPS (Biallosterski) who resided with the former at Santpoort. In this undertaking their friend of Russian origin, BIALLOSTERSKI (RPS 17107) was also concerned.
14. DE GOEDE finally passed his 3rd Mate's Examination on 23-07-1943 and remained at home, being chiefly concerned with the work of the clandestine paper, until the beginning of October 1943 when he was called up by the Labour Exchange for duty on behalf of the Germans.
15. He states that he refrained from reporting and instead went to Rotterdam shortly afterwards, as he had already decided to try and find a vessel aboard which he might sign on in order to get to Sweden where he intended to desert.
16. In this connection it should be mentioned that he had, as far back as May 1943, discussed the idea of escaping to Sweden with BANGMA and various of his colleagues as they were all desirous of reaching the UK in order to take part in the liberation of their country.
17. In August 1943, while they were yet still undecided as to te manner in which they should get away, BANGMA suggested that the GOEDE and himself should make over their responsibilities with the "Het Parool" to their contacts already established and that they themselves should transfer their energies to the distribution of the clandestine paper "Je Maintiendrai".
18. It was about this period that DE GOEDE transferred his responsibility concerning "Het Parool" to his contact Piet SCHUT in Arnhem. Before actually leaving Holland he made ofer his responsibilities in the distribution of "Je Maintiendrai" to his girlfriend Didi GAAZENBEEK, Ketelstraat 16, Ede.
19. On 21-10-1943 DE GOEDE signed on the "Beverwijk" in Rotterdam, Captain KNOOK, a loyal Dutchman but a drinker who was continually abusing the Germans. The vessel left with coal via Hamburg to Stettin and returned to Hamburg on 17-12-1943. She moored in Seehafen, next to the Swedish vessel "Walborg".
20. DE GOEDE and the following colleagues:
Cor VAN BEELEN, steward of Wassenaar.
Gerard DIGNUM, 4th Engineer of Rotterdam.
Jaap LUNS, sailor of Rotterdam.
VERHULST, of Wassenaar.
had already been discussing the possibilities of stowing away aboard the Swedish vessel "Hemland" which was moored in the Dieselhafen, Hamburg, where they partly unloaded before going to the Seehafen. They had found this vessel too difficult to board as she was very closely guarded and DE GOEDE and the first two mentioned colleagues therefore decided on the "Walborg"
21. DE GOEDE, who states that the whole of the crew had obtained permits to go up into town, had become partially acquainted with some of the members of the crew of the "Walborg" and on one occasion he invited one of the Swedish crew Daniel REDLING, Brännkyrkgatan 125, Stockholm, into his cabin and put the proposition before him.
22. REDLING stated that there was already one stow away aboard the "Walborg", namely a German girl, Ursula MEYER, who was engaged to one of the crew and that he was afraid of being a party to assisting DE GOEDE, VAN BEELEN and DIGNUM.
23. They therefore decided to find for themselves. The other two, however, subsequently decided to abandon the idea, but to assist DE GOEDE in the undertaking.
24. On 20-12-1943, at about 21.00 hours, the three of them climbed over to the "Walborg" deck. DE GOEDE then threw his cap into the water and ensconced himself in the aft peak in a room which was used for coils of rope, etc. The other two then sounded the alarm which through the Hafen Polizei and Fire Brigade to the "Walborg" and informed them that DE GOEDE had fallen into the water.
25. He remained hidden on the vessel which departed on 22-12-1943 and on the afternoon of Christmas Day he gave himself up to the crew in the Fosele, informing the Captain of what had happened. the latter treated him well, and gave him into the hands of the Swedish Police upon arrival of the vessel in Kalmar.
26. DE GOEDE states that he was later informed by REDLING that he had been given up in Hamburg as drowned.
27. After one week at the Police Station in Kalmar he was allowed to land as a political fugitive and sent to report to the Dutch Consulate in Stockholm where he saw LINDENBERG of the Dutch Intelligence.
28. During his residence in Stockholm he associated with the following Dutchmen:
1. [redacted] (RPS 19412)
3. SCHUILING (RPS 19703)
The latter had been his class mate at the Nautical School in Nijmegen. The last place of residence which DE GOEDE had found for him by the Dutch Authorities in Stockholm was the Hotel Osnia. he has since arrived in the UK and is desirous of volunteering for the Dutch Fleet Air Arms.
29. Favourable information was given concerning DE GOEDE and his membership of the "Het Parool" organisation by BIALLOSTERSKI (RPS 171107) and JANSEN (17110).
30. DE GOEDE has given the names of the colleagues who associate with him since shortly after the capitulation of Holland, notably:
1. LE NOBEL (RPS 19697), who served with him as apprentice aboard the "Baloeran".
2. BANGMA (RPS 107108), who introduced him to the "Het Parool" with which he worked until he left Holland in
while his associates in Stockholm are mentioned at para. 28.
31. Look ups have been taken out on DE GOEDE's contacts and vessels.
CONCLUSION and RECOMMANDATION.
32. I am of the opinion that DE GOEDE is a genuine Dutch man and that his motive in stowing away to Sweden was inspired by patriotism. His story is sufficiently well confirmed and failing the appearance of unfavourable traces there is no security objection to his being released to the Dutch Authorities.
B.G. E. Trent
Name: DE GOEDE, Lambertus Arend.
P.T.C. 03-04-1944 (MI-5 & C only).
MI-5 advise 11-04-1944: Our only information about this man is contained in file RPS/19718.
Born: 02-07-1920, Vrijenban (Delft)
Last Pte Add: 34 Zuidelijke Parallelweg, Ede.
Relatives: Father, Nicolaas, Dutch.
Mother, Gerarda Hardeman, Dutch. Both at above address.
Remarks 24-04-1944 N: This man has been engaged by N-Section to work as agent in Holland.
Commencing date of employment 21-04-1944.
Mil History: 3rd Mate, Dutch Navy.
This officer was well above the standard required on ground training but his condition in the aircraft was disappointing as he "froze" on the hole and asked the dispatcher to give him assistance, once out of the aircraft he appeared quite normal. I personally went in the aircraft with this student and with some encouragement prior to the actual descenthe made an unassisted exit and from then on (though under some strain) he made further exits from the aircraft without assistance.
Occupation: Naval officer.
Family: Mother & Father - last address Zuider parallelweg 34, Ede, Holland. Brother and two sisters - above address.
Languages: Dutch and German fluent. French and English fair. Swedish fluent.
Hobbies: Reading, photography and all sports.
Areas known: Central Holland & neighbourhood Amsterdam.
Mil. History: Nil.
1926-1933 primary School.
1933-1938 Secondary School.
Nautical School, Amsterdam.
1940-1941, Lloyd Rotterdam.
At sea (6 months Baltic), 1941 nautical School, Nijmegen, 1941 to August 1943 (Obtained 3rd Mate's Ticket)
25-12-1943 Arrived in Sweden
29-02-1944 Arrived in England.
Allotted code number 33 0B 19.
Sgt. Hartog to Major Fyffe 16-05-1944.
This student was an officer in the Dutch Navy. He has plenty of common sense and is a good worker. He has not been able to show his good points as he has not been feeling too well for the last few days.
This student has greatly improved and takes interest in most subjects. he is a little quick tempered and easily flies up at the slightest provocation but it does not mean anything, it is just his way of letting off steam. His security appears to be quite good as on one occasion in the course of conversation he pointed out to another student not to mention the names of other students, whom the latter had met in London, as it would only harm their course.
STS-HQ to Group A 06-05-1944.
Will join 33 P party for the course at Group A. Has attended STS-51 but has not undergone any other training.
This student is getting on quite well but often seems moody and prefers to do things his own way. He gives the impression that something is on his mind or worrying him. He mentioned the fact to me that instead of going to Holland he would like to go to the Dutch East Indies to fight against the Japanse. He wonders whether there would be a chance to do so.
This student returned to London from STS-24B on the 19-06-1944, after completion of his course.
Ins. remarks: This student has always appeared to have had private worry on his mind and to suffer from inferiority complex. He has worked fairly hard and shown himself to be a quite capable all rounder. He has expressed a desire to be a leader of a band of saboteurs but - doubt if he is capable of leading even a small band unless they were particular friends of his. he and 0B 10 have been very friendly and it is possible they would do well working together.
Comm. report: I was most impressed by this student. Af first he appeared surly and morose but I am convinced he has much personal courage and spirit as any of them. He should do well as a saboteur.
Friendly with 33 0B 10. have not yet formed any opinion about him yet.
05-07-1944, left for the field.
21-02-1945, returned to the UK.
DISPOSAL OF STUDENT 19-05-1945.
Rate of Pay: Paid by Dutch.
Com. Training: 23-04-1944.
Schools Att: Para Military A Group. STS-50. STS-51.
Operational: Considerable in the field.
Knowledge: from 05-07-1944 - 21-02-1945
Sec. Students: None.
Reas/Disp: No further work available.
Rec. by: Return to Unit.
19-05-1945, sworn out by Capt. Rees.
INTERROGATION OF RUMMY 24th February, 1945.
RUMMY was interrogated mainly for the purpose of recording a first-hand impression of the events leading up to the various arrests which the Dutch Resistance Movement in Rotterdam has suffered within the last few months.
Source last saw PODEX (Mulholland) about a week before the latter's arrest and he was then in a very depressed state, which in source's opinion was due to two causes. The first of these was the bad luck which had dogged the reception grounds which had been found by Resistance and submitted to London through PODEX: these were consistently being refused by London for one reason or another, whereas it so happened that grounds submitted through source which were also found by Resistance were continually accepted. Further to this PODEX was also very discouraged and upset by the way in which politics were repeatedly becoming the most important consideration in resistance work in Holland. He hated politics and shared source's view that the new development was nothing short of disastrous. Source confirmed this impression of PODEX' state of mind by saying that on November 10th, the day before he was arrested, PODEX saw the WT operator GRIBBAGE (van Duyn) and told him that things were going very badly and he did not know what to do about it.
On November 11th PODEX was picked up in a razzia which was held for the purpose of getting labour for Germany. He was deported with some thousands of other men and letters which have been received from him lead us up to suppose that the Germans have never discovered who he is, since he is being treated as an ordinary slave labourer in Bavaria where he is driving trains, he learnt to drive railway engine while he was in Scotland.
Before his arrest PODEX had already advised London that should anything happen to him, [redacted] would take over his work; when he was arrested [redacted] took all PODEX' codes to a safehouse with the exception of one one-time-pad which was supposed to have been contained in a micro' photo, but which although it had been advised from London had never been discovered when the other material was unpacked. from this safehouse source picked up these codes and did make some use of them since he knew PODEX' prefixes, but as he did not know his security checks, the messages were sent without any checks in them.
Later when source decided to leave occupied Holland he passed over al the codes which he had to COUSING @ FRITS
(Hoogewerff) the unfortunately happened to be carrying them on his person when he was arrested, but of course he would be unable to disclose to the Germans the checks which would be used as he had not been told what they were.
[redacted] was courier to PODEX and also his fiancee and she did most of the work as between PODEX and source. Although [redacted] knew none of the other wireless operators, she knew source because before working for PODEX she had been a courier to the KP and had often seen him there; [redacted] also knew WITTE PIET (Piet de Beer) whom she had known with PODEX before the war.
GRIBBAGE was arrested on either the 21st or 22nd December. On this day he was transmitting from his room as usual; and TIENE (Didi Gaazenbeek) his courier followed the normal practise of keeping watch from the window. During the transmission she saw about 70 Germans surrounding the block of buildings. As she gave the alarm, a boy called FOLKERT (Elsinga) came in upon a purely innocent errand, bringing some apples and he also confirmed that the block of buildings was surrounded. The WT set and other gear were immediately hidden and the three occupants of the room engaged themselves upon some innocent pursuit; after a few minutes there was a ring at the bell and TIENE answered the bell to find some Germans there were led by an NCO who asked if they might come in as they were looking for a German officer who they said was a deserter from the barracks which were situated in the next block. The Germans who were Wehrmacht personnel made a search of the flat without finding anything, but just as they were going away the NCO happened to see on the table FOLKERT's identity card bearing his real name and immediately recognised it as belonging to a man who escaped from the concentration camp of VUGHT. The Germans asked FOLKERT if it belonged to him, but he denied it and was immediately asked to produce his identity card, which he did; the two cards were then compared and although in different names, obviously bore photographs of the same man. Thereupon the NCO sent for the SD, who arrived and made a thorough search of the whole place, pulling up the floorboards and tapping the walls. The sets were discovered, together with other material and the three occupants of the flat were arrested, being taken to the SD offices and from there passed on to The Hague.
The building where this took place was Mathenesserweg 118 and the flat above that, which was occupied by GRIBBAGE, had formerly been used for the making of false identity cards.
Source had actually been in the neighbourhood of this house when GRIBBAGE's arrest took place and had seen the whole block surrounded by German soldiers; he had naturally gone away in the opposite direction, but had not been unluly alarmed since there was no reason for him to suppose that GRIBBAGE was in any particular danger. Source first heard of the arrests on the Wednesday after they took place, and on the next night an unsuccessful attack was made on the SD offices. Source says that it was three weeks later that he heard that TIENE was at liberty and he understands that the Germans took her by car from The Hague to the suburbs of Rotterdam and than set her down by the road, waiting nearby until she succeeded in getting a lift into the town. Immediately on her arrival in Rotterdam, TIENE got in touch with COR (Cor Bijsterveld), who was a WT operator recruited locally for the internal network by source; TIENE want to this man bosses where she saw his wife and waited until COR came home, when she told that she must see source. COR duly delivered this message and source arranged to meet TIENE at a house which was not known to the SD. The meeting was arranged so that TIENE should wait on a corner which could be observed from the house at which the meeting was to take place and where source already was. He could thus from the window observe TIENE's arrival and whether anyone came with her or was shadowing her. At the corner TIENE was picked up by one of source's men on a bicycle and he took her round the town, through many streets until he was sure they were not being followed. He then brought her to the house where source already was.
On arrival at the meeting TIENE was in a very emotional state and told source that he had to hand over all his arms in the various dumps to the SD by the Friday night, and that if he did not do this the three agents who had been arrested and about thirty other members of Resistance who were in the hands of the SD would be shot. Source refused to comply with this request and immediately handed TIENE over to the custody of the KP, whereupon she was taken away and immediately interrogated by Group-4, source being present. During the course of this interrogation TIENE stated that when she was captured by the SD she was questioned by a German officer named HAUBOOCK (Haubrok). She had told the Germans that she was the fiancee of GRIBBAGE and they had undoubtedly used this fact to secure from her a great deal of information, though TIENE maintained that when at SD HQ she had passed GRBBAGE in a passage and he had whispered to her instructing her to tell the truth.
Among things told by TIENE to the Germans were the addresses of the two further houses from which GRIBAGGE worked, though she said that she had only consented to tell these to the Germans on being assured that the occupants would come to no harm. In addition giving them the addresses, TIENE had actually driven with the Germans to the two houses with them when they went to secure the sets. One of these was a farm which belonged to an old man called BAK, who refused to tell the Germans where the sets were hidden. TIENE asked whether the Germans who were with her would pay some money for this information and when they said that they would she went to one of the farm labourers who immediately produced the set from a haystack, drawing the reward of 200 Gulden on the spot. While this was taking place the old farmer BAK managed to make his escape and when they found he had gone, the Germans told the labourer who produced the set that he might take what he liked from the house, which was promptly looted. So far as the guarantee of immunity given by the Germans to TIENE is concerned, it must be said that no efforts were made to look for BAK and so far as source knows the people who lived in the other house and who had also knew what GRIBBAGE did have so far not remained unmolested. At the end of her interrogation by Group-4, source told her interrogators that if they wanted to shoot TIENE he could not stop them, but she would certainly be of no use to anyone at all if she was dead and strongly recommended them to take her to a safehouse, which they did. TIENE is still held in custody in this home by the KP. Source, although he has no absolute knowledge, given it as his opinion that GRIBBAGE has been executed and this may well be true, since it is fairly cleat that the Germans quickly obtained from GRBBAGE most of the information that he was in a position to give them.
4. ACTIONS FOLLOWING UPON THE ARREST OF GRIBBAGE.
Immediately upon receiving the message that TIENE wanted to see him, source went to the HQ of the KP in Rotterdam and warned the leader that TIENE was at liberty, which warning was duly passed on to the various group leaders.
After his meeting with TIENE, which was the last occasion on which he saw her, source changed his address and warned all those whom he thought were in danger, telling everyone to keep away from any addresses which were known to TIENE and GRIBBAGE. Steps had also been by the leader of the KP to see if any further information could be gained through certain contacts that organisation had with the SD.
Although source had given this warning, FOLKERT's sister MARIJKE and ADRI for some reason undisclosed, took no notion of it and insisted on going to the house at Rauwenhofplein 4A. What is more MARIJKE took the poem and crystals for Eindhoven with her. Immediately upon arrival they were both arrested by the Germans who were waiting inside, but MARIJKE was able to stuff the poem and crystals down the side of the chair, where they were later found by members of the organisation. the news of these arrests were brought to source later by COR.
5. CAPTURE OF THE CENTRAL WEAPON MAGAZINE.
Source said that TIENE on account of her previous work for the underground Press, had a great many contacts in Resistance, but gives it as his opinion that she could only have told to the Germans matters which directly affected GRIBBAGE, since she had told more, a great many arrests would undoubtedly have been carried out in the Rotterdam area. This if probably the right view to take since from the information available it appears that TIENE is more likely to have been influenced by her infatuation with GRBBAGE, than to have willingly given information to the Germans. TIENE in any event had no knowledge of the Central Weapon Magazine and neither did GRIBBAGE, who did not handle this particular traffic over his set.
The Central Weapon Magazine was a barge in which the weapons were stored and there was some fear that the Germans might get to know about it because a man callen KUHN was arrested who had some knowledge of droppings; following this arrest the barge was moved to another place, but after about a fortnight, it was found to be occupied by the Germans. This occurred on the 14th January 1945 and about 50 "Grüne Polizei" were involved. There were two men on the boat with, of course, plenty of arms with which they proceeded to defend themselves, the result of the action being that one of them was killed and the other taken prisoner.
Source referred to the telegram which he sent to the UK on these occurrences and which was transmitted on the 16th January. He stated that he had every reason to believe that the figures which he gave were correct, since he had them from the then leader of the KP, who was responsible for knowing where everything was, and he also stated that in them he had not included the contacts of the dropping which had taken place a little previously on the night of Saturday 13/14 January, when the containers fell in the river. Source said that this dropping took place in foggy weather on the ground Lafayette, where an Eureka was in use; apparently the fog obscured the lights of the reception committee and so the pilot made his drop on the Eureka, the result being that all containers went into the river. The reception committee worked all the night and into the next afternoon and managed to salvage all but 1½ containers, the material thus salvaged was stored locally and afterwards taken to The Hague and it was not until after the capture of the Central Weapon Magazine that they began to be nervous lest KUHN, who knew these things, might also have told the Germans that this transport was usually done either with boats or milk carts.
Source was asked why he did not reply to the telegram from HQ asking for full particulars about the capture of the Central Weapon Magazine and conditions for transporting in and around the Rotterdam area, which telegram was sent on the 18th January. In reply he explained that he had then decided to leave Holland, which decision he reached on 17th January and was in the proces of handing over his work to FRITZ (Hoogewerff); he thinks that he instructed FRITZ to reply to this notice and supposed that with many things on his mind FRITZ forgot to do so.
6. ARREST OF TONY and KAREL.
Source has little knowledge of these arrests. TONY (Visser, SIS/BI) was arrested two or three days after GRIBBAGE and source thinks that it must have been due to DF-ing, since he has heard that the capture was made by men of the Wireless Technical Corps; source also gives it as his opinion that it was very likely the same thing which led to the arrest of KAREL (Reisiger).
Before he left Holland HENNY (who?) was also arrested.
7. MANY FURTHER ARRESTS, CAPTURE OF KP-HQ.
Source said that MAARTEN, the Rotterdam leader of the RVV, had called a meeting to discuss the co-ordination of the Resistance in Rotterdam and had notified source to be present. He accepted the invitation and took with him to the meeting FRITZ, EDU (Barmé) and [redacted]. The meeting decided, although the KP was not represented, that the RVV should take over all the intelligence work, leaving source in charge of sabotage, dropping grounds, etc.
In the course of the general conversation which took place after the meeting, source overheard [redacted] ask EDU for his address and immediately intervened, forbidding them to find out where each other lived. In spite of this source says that he now knows that they met afterwards and exchanged addresses and he believes that addresses were also exchanged between EDU and FRITZ.
At this time [redacted] was working in the house of a man who belonged to the CCD and [redacted] was a man who loved to talk and to boast about his work. The CCD man was also a great talker and the next thing that anyone knew that [redacted] was arrested and the exchange of addresses may well have been the immediate cause of the arrest of FRITZ and EDU which followed shortly afterwards. Immediately upon hearing of the arrest of [redacted] and EDU, source went to contact FRITZ in order to warn him, but on the way he thought he was being shadowed and on arrival at the house he saw at once that it was under surveillance and so took the bicycle away again, knowing at the same time that FRITZ had obviously been arrested.
After his experience at FRITZ's house, source rode straight away to the HQ of the KP to tell them what had happened, taking precaution to see that he was not followed to this address. It was the 6th February and the people at the HQ told him that they were moving from the office that afternoon since it was very close to FRITZ' boite-aux -lettres and they had also heard the man called KEES (Bitter?) had been arrested by the SD and he knew the address of the HQ (KEES was later released).
In spite of this, however, saw …. of alarm seemed to die down and four days later on the Saturday 10th February, the personnel of the HQ were still packing, when during the afternoon large numbers of the SD surrounded the building armed with Sten guns. There were present at the … two men (HANS and [redacted] and four girls (HILDA, MIA, MIEN and NETTY). The two men were armed with pistols and a hand-grenade each and they immediately started firing on the SD, who left the house surrounding it and started firing on it through the windows; [ redacted] through a hand-grenade into the street and in the confusion MIA and NETTY were able to walk out of the building as if they had come from one of the other flats. MIEN also managed to escape in the same way while the SD were bringing in reinforcement, who then completed the encirclement of the building. HANS and [redacted] then climbed on to the roof only to find that it was covered with SD men on the neighbouring roofs, however, they used their last hand-grenade here and [redacted] managed to get clean away across the roofs, but HANS was not so fortunate and could only get across the roof into the next house. HILDA remained in the HQ and was arrested. Since the action was not going well for the SD, who had, however surrounded the block, they proceeded to round up all the men between the ages of 17 and 40 and in this way captured HANS. These men were deported to Germany, but source understands that HANS managed to jump off the train and thinks that he may now be safe and hiding in Rotterdam. Source thinks that the raid on the KP HQ was the outcome of the arrest of [redacted], EDU and FRITZ and the address may have been discovered by the Germans through their following of HILDA in the street. The raid resulted in the capture of the whole of the KP records and everything that has been done in the last three or four months must now be known to the Germans. The fact that there was more than one set working has enabled the political factions to play one operator against the other. which was exactly what they wanted to do, and it had greatly increased the confusion.
8. WITTE PIET.
As an example of the state of affairs which was brought into being by political rivalry, source instanced the case of WITTE PIET (Piet de Beer), who he said, was a good man provided that he had a strong leader over him, but he was no good at all when he left on his own. WITTE PIET and PIETER NOORD (Pieter Willem Hordijk) had been friends for a long time until WITTE PIET until WITTE PIET returned to Holland from the UK then both these men started to try to archive power and became great enemies, each trying to jockey for position at the expense of the other.
Before his death, FRANK (Arnold van Bijnen), the Commander of South-Holland, had decided that should he be killed, his place should be taken by PIETER ZUID (Jan Borghouts); when FRANK was killed (Apeldoorn) PIETER NOORD took his command, saying untruth that just before FRANK's death he had told him to take over. When this happened it was obvious that PIETER ZUID would not accept orders from PIETER NOORD, and although WITTE PIET had no direct means of contact with PIETER ZUID, he elected to back him up, seizing the useful opportunity to attack PITER NOORD.
It was by practise of this kind that WITTE PIET spread unrest among the lower levels of the resistance groups in Holland an influence which was greatly increased by his habit of quoting disparaging remarks which he had heard from a Dutch officer while he was in London; for instance WITTE PIET would ask people if they knew for what they were fighting and had told them that this Dutch officer had said to him that if the present Dutch Government should return to Holland, the resistance should refuse to give up their arms.
WITTE PIET was keen upon the co-ordination of Resistance in Rotterdam, but he had no … and little … of the situation and so he decided to completely … MAARTENS the leader of the RVV and go to DICK (L.C. Visser?) a … at MAARTENS in command of the "Flying Column". MAARTENS in …, and not font of taking action of any kind, … … in that in opposite and … before he … DICK agreed with WITTE PIET's proposal, but when the … … … … … it and subsequently told source … the were had caused a great deal of trouble as between MAARTENS (Th.A.W. Ruys?) and DICK.
9. EXFILTRATION OF WITTE PIET.
Source gave a most interesting description of the events which led up to WITTE PIET's departure from Occupied Holland. He said that PIETER NOORD had told WITTE PIET that since he had created so much trouble, he must accept one of this following alternatives. he must either fade out completely from the political picture and go underground, or else he must go to Liberated Holland and informed source of his resolution, saying that he intended to leave on about 2nd of 3rd January and had PIETER NOORD's permission for this journey, which, however, was only given on condition that he did not use one of the existing escape lines. Source saw a letter which PIETER NOORD had given to WITTE PIET to take to PIETER ZUID. Source confirmed that owing to the BITTER (Kees Bitter) affair he never heard of ROB's decision (Marinus van der Stoep) to take WITTE PIET with him and subsequently sent his message casting aspersions on WITTE PIET on the instruction of PIETER NOORD; this he thought he had made quite plain in the message, by beginning it "From LSC of KP" which is in fact the title of PIETER NOORD, but which, however, was not known in London at that time. Source heard no more of WITTE PIET after he had sent this message. Source also stated that when WITTE PIET left Holland, he made no mention to source of the supposed "official mission" upon which he alleged himself to be engaged when questioned in London.
10. RESISTANCE AND LACK OF SECURITY IN HOLLAND.
In view of the large numbers of arrest which have been taken place recently, it can be expected that there was some lack of security in Holland, but source's description of the state of affairs was such that even he had to laugh while giving an account of the situation grave though it is.
He stated that in his opinion the whole of Resistance and the illegal press in Holland has gone quite mad and there is no longer any pretence of the work being "underground". the resistance groups work quite openly and the leader of the LO even has special hours during which he may be interviewed by any and every caller. The illegal newspapers at the end of last year was designing a calendar which they were to print and distribute to the general public. These calendars were to have a cartoon for each month of the year and the designs shown to source included one cartoon of a dropping ground with the containers floating down upon it, this source, however, had succeeded in suppressing. While source was in Rotterdam, BOB's successor in the leadership of the KP went to the house of the courier of JOSE (Tjeerd Elsinga), whose husband is a signwriter and on the wall in full view of anyone who came, was a large plan of Rotterdam, showing clearly marked all the strong points and the best line of approach for Allied troops. Source further stated that anybody in the Resistance in these days does not need to be short of money, since you only had to go to any member of the NSB or Dutch Quisling party, and ask for money saying that you were a member of the Resistance and then you would immediately be given as much money as you needed or cared to ask for, as these people are very anxious to insure against the time when their country should be liberated. Source further said that the OD had many contact among German/Dutch members of the SD, from whom they were reputed to get a good deal of information in return for cigarettes, for which purpose they make incessant demands for English cigarettes since it appears that the SD have expressed a preference for British tobacco. A further example of the liaison between the OD and the SD is quoted of the wife of an OD member who is the mistress of one of the men in the SD, both parties meeting frequently at her house where it is alleged heated discussions take place as to how much each respective group knows of the activities of the other.
11. OTHER ELEMENTS IN RESISTANCE.
Source stated that the church as such had little or no influence on Resistance beyond the fact that at least it may be said that the Catholics and the Protestants have sunk their religious difficulties and are both co-operating together.
On the other hand the Communist groups, who keep themselves very much to themselves, are gaining more power and influence every day. Every resistance movement is heavily penetrated by communist elements who, however, are very tightly organised on the cell-system and never reveal themselves; they are so well organised and have so thoroughly penetrated organised resistance that form many of the droppings of stores they succeed in stealing most of the equipment which they hide away for their own use.
12. CENTRAL CONTROL.
Source's opinion of the Delta Centrum is that this form of central control by mainly unsuited persons, is one of the chief causes for the poor position of Resistance at the moment. His description of their chain of command was: "The Prince sends his orders to Delta C, who sent them on to the local Commandants and they put the in the stove"!
2/LT. Lambertus Arend DE GOEDE.
Pers. No. 4179
Royal Netherlands Armed Forces.
Recommendation for award of M.B.E. (Honorary).
2/Lieut. Lamberts Arend DE GOEDE, of the Royal Netherlands Armed Forces, arrived in this country on the 28th February 1944, having escaped from HOLLAND by ship via Sweden.
He volunteered to return to HOLLAND and received special training. On the night of the 5th/6th July 1944 he was dropped by parachute in that country together with two other members of his team, his mission was to contact reliable clandestine organisations and build up these for active tasks, with a view to carrying out such activities as SHAEF might deem necessary.
2/Lieut. DE GOEDE contacted one of the most active organisations in HOLLAND and in a very short time submitted grounds throughout the country to which quantities of vital arms have been and are being dropped. On SHAEF's instructions his organisation was directed to cut the main railway communications being used by the Germans, and on the 5th September 1944, he reported that these instructions had been carried out. He gave positions of rocket sites, German transmitting stations, troop movements and locations of blockships in the port of Rotterdam. In conjunction with another member of his team, who was working with a separate organisation, a successful attack was launched against these blockships and he proposed further attacks on other vessels. Owing to possible reprisals against the population, 2/Lieut. DE GOEDE was instructed not to take action.
This officer is still active in the field, carrying out an extremely dangerous mission.
Letter from Bert de Goede and Rein Bangma to an unknown officer.
L.A. de Goede
Undoubtedly you will be surprised to receive this letter from me, but I would like to ask you to help us in a matter which means rather much to us. As you probably know Rein Bangma and I joined the RAF. The trouble is now we want to get out of it.
First I'll try to explain why we want to get out and what we would like to do. We joined up in this service not because it was one of our ambitions to become pilots, but because we were a bit desperate about not doing anything but hanging around in London or in Utrecht. So one thing looked as good as another.
However now that the war has finished it does not seem to have any purpose to stay in the RAF any longer. The more while there is such a lot of trouble going on in this world.
What we are leading up to, is the following question. Could you possibly bring us in contact with people who could help us to the sort of job, which is our ambition. What we want to do is the kind of job we did before. We both feel that there must still be very much to do in that line, the trouble being that we do not know the right person to turn to. We have tried every possible and impossible Dutch way, but without any success.
Perhaps you would write us back on this matter or grant us an interview. I do hope you will let us hear from you, also if you should have to disappoint us. We remain dear Sir.
Yours obedient servants,
L.A. de Goede
16th October, 1945.
Dear De Goede and Bangma,
Many thanks for your letter of the 8th October and I was delighted to have news of you both.
As you may have heard, Special Forces has practically finished with its work and is now in process of liquidation. In consequence, I sincerely regret that there is nothing I can offer you in the way of employment, as our work is finished.
I do not know the conditions of your engagement with the RAF and it is therefore rather difficult for me to solicit guidance in that connection.
I am afraid the type of work you so nobly did for the Allied cause (and for which opportunities only arise during a war) has unfortunately unsettled both of you but, whereas I can fully appreciate and understand this, I do strongly recommend that you both think seriously about your future lives. The war is over and the world does need some serious-minded "John Citizens". In view of your past record and services, influence could be brought to bear to have you placed in good situations, either in Holland, or in the Dutch Colonies. One thing is however essential: you, yourselves must decide as to the type of work you are best fitted for and are most interested in so that whoever is trying to help you should know in which direction to seek employment for you. Do think this matter over really seriously as your future lives depend on it!
I am going to hospital for about two months - the fruit of hard work! - and expect to be demobilised end November - beginning December. owing to the present general situation, I think personally that you really would be better where you are until the world becomes more settled and you have had time to think matters over.
The very best of luck to you both and many happy landings.
I believe Bangma stayed in England and so did De Goede in 1954.
De Goede, Lambertus Arend.
Born: 2 July 1920, Vrijenbaan, Zuid-Holland.
Occupation: sales agent.
Father: Nicolaas, born 20 November 1888, Amersfoort.
Mother: Hardeman, Gerarda, born 23 February, Ede, Gelderland.
Wife: Krijgsman, Tine Maria Margaretha.
Born: 8 September 1928, Batavia, Indonesia.
Married: 15 June 1949, Amsterdam.
Divorced: 2 May 1952, Amsterdam.
8 September 1938, Prins Hendrikkade 189, AMSTERDAM.
11 September 1940, EDE, GELDERLAND.
23 October 1940, THE HAGUE.
7 October 1941, EDE, GELDERLAND.
28 January 1942, NIJMEGEN.
31 March 1942, Parallelweg 34, EDE, GELDERLAND.
15 February 1949, Ceintuurbaan 368I, AMSTERDAM.
14 June 1952, several addresses.
10 January 1952, Churchilllaan 27AII.
30 January 1954, LONDON, GB.
Schoolreport, soure Gemeente Archief Amsterdam.
Source: gemeente Archief Amsterdam.