ARIE VAN DUYN.
No RVPS report available in HS9/1504/3 as he was already in England as a member of the Royal Dutch Navy.
HISTORY SHEET PARTY: 33M
(To be submitted to S.T.S. HQ in duplicate after 1st week. Third copy to be attached to Form T.2)
S.T.S. No ? School No 4
Name by which known DUVEEN, ARIE
Date of birth: 27-07-1916
Born at: NOORDWIJK
Family: (Giving full particulars of circumstances, location, etc)
Mother aged 65. 1 sister
Married or single: Single Children:
Languages (With order and degree of proficiency.) English moderate. German slight.
Hobbies. Skating, Reading, Biking, Swimming.
Adres intimately known. -
Military History. Dutch Navy since 1936.
Past History (Including Education, diplomas etc: in Chronological order and past employment)
Elementary school till 13.
Measurements to be given in inches and weight in pounds
Height: 72½" Weight: 204½ lbs.
Chest (normal): 41" Waist: 36" Seat: 42"
Lenght of back from Nape to waist: 20½"
Width of back from Centre to:
(I) Schoulder 8½" (II) Elbow 23½" (III) Wrist 35"
Length of leg.
(I) Outside (waist to ground) 44" (II) Inside 34"
Size round head 23½ Length of Foot 11"
Descriptions (including peculiarities etc)
19 June 1943.
Name: VAN DUYN, Arie
Born 27.7.18, Noordwijk a/Zee
Occupation With Dutch Navy
Mother- Maria Passchier at Golfweg 3, Noordwijk a/Zee
Remarks N 07-06-1943: To betrained as agent in the field commencing 13.6.43
S.D. signed 4.10.43
D/CE M.1 to D.CE.T 11-06-1943.
No RVPS report available. This man was in the 33 Navy previous to joining us.
SAB report STS-7 20-061943.
Grading C plus
Intelligence Rating 5
Apitude Morse - AVERAGE
Gradings Mechanical - AVERAGE
Instructional - GOOD
Remarks Very suitable as small groupleader of Guerrilla Fighter type.
L/Cpl. Springborn STS-21 24-06-1943.
Is very security minded and wishes to take an active part in the war to help his fellow countrymen. He is a determined character and has given up drinking entirely as he thinks that it might interfere with his training. He is fond of women but says that they are not to be trusted. He is very casual when discussing anything that he has done. He is mentally "Alert" and a ready mixer. He was serving with the Dutch Navy and although he has not yet told me his rank he says that he had about 25 men under him. He has served in Submarines and can handle small boats expertly, he says that he has done this all his life.
Is very keen and takes great interest in his work. He has a forceful manner and does not indulge in unnecessary talk. He makes an excellent impression both physically and mentally. Last Monday morning during Physical training he had the misfortune to slip and cut his hand severly. He was taken to the hospital to have the hand stitiched and was detained there until Wednesday when he returned with his hand in a sling. Being lefthanded he insists on carrying on with what ever training he can possibly do although at times it is evident that his hand causes him some pain and discomfort. He refuses any assistance to do anything which he can possibly do himself. He will be 25 years of age in August and has served with the Royal Dutch Navy for 8 - 9 years and now holds the rank of Quartiermeester (Acting P.O.) At the time of the invasion of Holland he was working in a Dutch Naval Workshop which was bombed. He has seved for 2½ years on Dutch Submarines and has been depth charged.
Is very keen about the training and the work to follow. Is very determined in his manner and can make his mind up very quickly. I think that he is a first class element. He has stopped drinking as he considers that it might interfere with his training. He has given me the impression that he respects discipline and I think that he would carry out orders implicitly.
Sgt. French 16-07-1943.
This student having only arrived back from Hospital on 14-07-1943 having had a spraqined ankle. I have had very little opportunity of getting to know him well. At first glance I would say that he was a very good man, he has been a regular sailor in the Dutch Navy, is well educated, and takes a great interest in his job. He is of a determined character and has a natural inclination to take the lead. This is partly due to his being able to mix well with others, to having sound common sense and to his being tactful. His habits are definitely temperate he does not drink much, in fact since his return from Hospital he does not drink at all and says he will not do so before the course is finished.
This student shows definite qualities of leadership and has a determined character. He is very keen on his job and his main grievance is that he has had to miss a certain amount of his training due to his sprained ankle. He is also very security minded and realises the importance attached at it, specially the monor details. He is usually on the quiet side and does not often take part in discussions except to state his own opinion in a quiet way.
As this student left 51b for London on 02-08-1943 I did not have the opportunity of watching his reaction outside to a great extent. I have, however, been out with him on one occasion and he proved himself very well behaved in every way. He has a strong tendency towards the poopsite sex, to whom he takes up an attitude of boastfulness, trying to impress them with his physical size, and adopts a more or less braggish tone. He, how ever, fully realises the importance of security which he keeps constantly in mind. He has a purposeful character, is unselfish, truthful and loyal to the Allied cause. His intelligence is not of a very high standard, but he shows a general attitude of interest to everything and has a keen will to learn. He usually adopts the attitude of being very sure of himself, and in this respect rather annoys his colleagues. Apart from this he is a good mixer and is well liked generally.
NL to MT 09-08-1943.
Applying for this student to attend the three weeks course at Group B commencing 15-08-1943.
Phys. Train. Owing to a leg injury has not attended P.T. classes.
Close Combat. Has a good grasp of the principles but needs further speeding up.
Rope work. Keen and strong
Fieldcraft. Is fairly good but not up to the standard of the other members of the party as he missed a good deal of practical work owing to his injury.
Weap. Train. A good natural shot with all weapons. Aggressive and fast.
Explo. & Dem. Average. Missed a certain amount of practical work but has a fair knowledge of the principles involved.
Sig. & Comm. Sending 8, receiving 10 wpm; good style; has shown interest; is temperamentally suited.
Reports. Quite a good knowledge and sketching good. Was unable to do much of the physical side of it.
Map reading. Has taken a satisfactory interest in the subject and his knowledge is adequate.
Schemes. Has missed the practical side of almost all this sublect. Led a scheme once and his plan was quite successful, the mistakes he made being due to lack of experience. Is quite willing to learn.
Ins. remarks. Slightly inclined to be overbearing with his fellow students and has a childish tendency to show-off before his instructors. He is, however willing to learn and is always cheerful. Perhaps we have not been able to stimulate his capabilities as fully as we might since his injuries have necessarily prevented him from taking an active part in a good deal of the training.
Comm. report. Will become a much better mixer, and of more help, when he realises that the possession of physical strength is not the sole criterion of a sound man. At present manner is not conductive to the smooth running of a team.
Intelligent, quick-witted, though far from being an academic or educated type of man. Possesses considerable native wit and shrewdness, plenty of imagination and is always well to the fore with sound suggestions and shews considerable initiative. A sound, determined character, with plenty of physical courage and patience. Full of confidence and is not easily put out of his stride. A strong personality which should inspire confidence in those with whom he comes into contact. Pleasant manner and sense of humor. Worked extremely well throughout the course and has shewn himself be be extremely capable. He is undoubtedly more of the practical type and is not the background to be much else. He can always be absolutely relied upon to obey orders and do a job to the best of his ability. He has undoubted organising ability and qualities of leadership and should be efficiently a group of men of his own type, though he might not be so successful if he had to deal with men from a higher social position.
Codes: He needs considerable practice in the former system before using operationally.
Duveen is making good progress and should do well given a straight forward practical job, no calling for contacts outside his own sphere.
General. Rather an exhibitionist and inclined to over-confidence. On the whole, he worked quite well but could have learnt a great deal more had he shown more interest.
Mechanical. Disappointing. Bad slight previous knowledge and considered that he had nothing to learn.
Electrical. Seemed to have no aptitude for the subject and showed little evidence of having learnt much.
Transportation. Worked very hard and well at a subject he did not know much about, and has gained a working knowledge.
Demolition. Good and hardworking. Likes the subject and could well instruct others in the making up of charges.
P.T. & Weap T. An exellent shot. Handicapped at P.T. by an injured knee.
Schemes. Took more interest in this side of the training and worked well.
NL to MT 09-10-1943.
Requesting that this student be trained as a WT operator on his return from leave to STS-52 about 18-10-1943. He has already done his security training at Group B.
D/CE M.1 to MT 11-10-1943.
There is no security objection to this student proceeding to STS-52 to be trained as a WT operator.
Sgt Ronnfeldt STS-52 11-11-43.
Takes an interest in his work at the school, determined to make a success of the course. Shows initiative added to which he is gifted with a quick brain, Easy going but if roused would be a tough and resourceful customer. His mother is a native of Nice, his father was a Captain in the Dutch Merchant Navy. Both are living in Holland. This student however speaks no French but has a slight knowledge of German. Served in the Dutch Submarine Service. Up till now has given no trouble to Security in fact he seems to be entirely reliable and steady.
Capt. Cliterheroe STS-52 03-01-1944.
Well attended a WT scheme 5-12.1.44 staying c/o Mr. Carson, St.Oswalds, Bridge of Weir Road, Kilmacolm.
Capt. Cliterheroe STS-52 30-01-1944.
Departed 29-01-1944 See reports of 11-11-1943 and 27-11-1943 Reliable, level headed type. Excellent in every way.
O.C. Group C to D/CEM.1 27-04-1944.
He is in a possession of AB.64 made out in his training name. He is also in possession of a passport identity document issued in S. Africa which is made out in his original name. This he shows privately to his relatives and friends if the necessity arises and it is understood that he was instructed to do so by his section.
D/CEM.1 to N 29-04-1944.
Passing on the above information, stating that his passport document should have been withdrawn, for safe keeping.
General Is now a confident and efficient operator and has exceeded specifications.
Morse Sends 21 - Receives 22.
Skeds Very good.
S-Phone Worked well and has very good knowledge.
Language Capable of using English.
Eureka Good pass. Qualified to operate and maintain Eureka in the Field.
R.C. Work Satisfactory
General A very cheerful student - tough and athletic. Has the personality to make a good leader in the Field
- also qualified to operate S-Phone and Eureka.
Undated Proceeded overseas
21-05-1945 Arrived in the UK from Brussels.
Correspondence Mrs. J.W. White, 79 Princes Street, Dundee.
Mrs. G. Simmons-Hodges, Grendon Hall, Grendon-Underwood.
ORDERS for: DUVEEN TOP SECRET Copy No. 1
During the invasion of Western Europe by the United Nations there are many useful and important tasks which can be performed by loyal patriots in HOLLAND. For the execution of many of these tasks members of organisations already existing in the country, and of the general public, can be usefully employed. The task of maintaining WT communication with this country can be considered as one of the most important.
a) Operational Name
The name of your operation is CRIBBAGE and you will beknown by this name at the station of your departure. You will never use this name when you are in de field.
b) Code Names in the Field
(I) Your fieldname will be THEODORE. This is the only name you or anyone else should use in messages from the field and it is the name by which you will be known by other members of the organisation.
(II) The operational name of SANDERS is PODEX and his name in de field and in telegrams is GERARD.
(III) the operational name of GORT is RUMMY and his name in the field and in telegrams is LEO.
You will go to HOLLAND as a WT-operator to two organisers. You will take orders from them on all matters of mutual concern, but you have the authority to use your own discretion in all matters concerning your own WT work. All measures which you may consider necessary for the safeguarding of your channel of communication will not be interfered with by anyone.
In principle, GERARD (Luke Mulholland) and LEO (Bert de Goede) will do all the encoding of their messages to us and the decoding of our messages to them. They each have their own code and you should therefore only use yours for messages relating to wireless matters and the eventual acknowledgement of your messages by Broadcast. You will be shown the prefixes that these two (MulHolland & de Goede) will use, so that you will know which messages are destined for them and which for you.
You, GERARD and LEO will be dropped together in HOLLAND by parachute on the first favourable night during the July moon period at a point which will be explained to you prior to your departure.
Immediately upon landing you will burry your parachute and equipment; if you wish, you may also burry your revolver with your equipment. Your WT equipment will be dropped with you, and you will burry this separately and in such a manner that a third person would be able to find it if it is considered not safe for you to go there personally.
Initial contact on landing, see Annexe I
GERARD and LEO will be responsible for installing you in a safehouse and later safehouses from which you van transmit. You should never communicate with each other unless this is done by cut-out.
You will carry with you the sum of Hfl. 5000 for your own use; also Bfrs. 2500 and Ffrs. 2500 should you require these in case of emergency.
a) Packages - Equipment - Camouflage
(I) Your personal bagage will consist of one paper parcel
(II) You will be supplied with Hfl.1150 in small money for your immediate needs.
(III) The reminder of your personal money you will carry as follows:
Hfl.4850 - Bfrs.2500 - Ffrs.2500 in a money belt.
(IV) GERARD and LEO will also have Hfl.5000, Bfrs.2500 and Ffrs.2500 for their own use; they will also
carry Hfl.25000 between them for the use of the organisation.
(V) Your code (a 12 page One-Time-Pad) and reserve poems etc have been camouflaged as per
b) Cover Story
See Annexe III.
You will receive these in accordance with your requirements.
You have been interviewed as to your requirements for the field and you will receive these and your parachute equipment at the station of departure. See Annexe IV.
You have been issued with a Dutch Identity card.
f) Return to this country
You have been interviewed by an officer with regard to routes and have been given all the necessary information. See Annexe V.
a) In the field
You will use the various methods you have been taught: postboxes, cut-outs, etc. You may also arrange with them various signals of danger.
You will establish contact by WT with ENGLAND as soon as you consider it safe to do so. You will always destroy immediately that part of your One-Time-Pad which has been used for a previous message. If you do this without exception, the Gestapo will never be able to decode your past messages or be able to prove what your real security check is. Records of messages exchanged with us should not be kept.
In all our messages to GERARD and LEO we shall use their prefixes: see Annexe VI. They will also use their prefixes in their messages to us.
You alone will judge the days on which you will transmit, and you will inform GERARD and LEO if you consider their messages too long or too numerous for you to handle safely.
In Annexe VII you will find a copy of your reserve poems which you must memorise. You will also receive microprints of your special code which you will take with you.
You will take with you a microprint of your WT plan as per Annexe VIII.
You will also receive a microprint of your Broadcast Plan as per Annexe IX.
h) Identity Checks
If we have reason to suppose that you have been arrested and that the Germans are working your transmitter, we shall ask you an "innocent" question. If you are safe you will give the correct answer, but if we do not receive the correct answer we shall presume that you are in enemy hands. See Annexe X.
i) Innocent Letters
(I) Code. You will use the convention which you have been taught. See Annexe XI.
(II) Address. You will send your Innocent Letters to the address as per Annexe V.
(III) Signatures. You will sign your Innocent Letters THEODORE; if we write to you we shall sign MARIJKE.
j) Safe House (Emergency Address)
It is important that we should remain in contact with you, and if you find that you cannot give us an address before you leave for the field, you should let us have one at the first possible opportunity by WT. For password and reply see Annexe V.
k) Should you GERARD or LEO lose each other on landing you should meet every Tuesday and Thursday in order to regain contact; see Annexe I.
6. FINANCIEL ARRANGEMENTS
Your rank on leaving this country will be 2/Lt. and your salary will be credited to your account with the Dutch Government.
LONDON, 27th June 1944.
33M.4 Sheet No. DUVEEN
10-06-1943 - Green Park Hotel
15-06-1943 - TST-7, (formerly STS 4) - Winterfold, Cranleigh, Surrey - Students Assessment Board.
20-06-1943 - A Group
21-07-1943 - STS-21, Arisaig House, Arisaig, Inverness-shire - commando-style training.
01-08-1943 - STS-51, Dunham House, Altrincham, Cheshire - parachute training (near RAF Ringway).
06-08-1943 - Howard Hotel
15-08-1943 - B Group
06-09-1943 - STS-36, Boarmans, Beaulieu, Hampshire
10-09-1943 - London
13-09-1943 - Station VII
03-10-1943 - STS-51, Dunham House, Altrincham, Cheshire - parachute training (near RAF Ringway).
05-10-1943 - STS-17, Brickendonbury Manor - sabotage.
08-10-1943 - Leave
18-10-1943 - STS-52, Thame Park, Oxfordshire - security training for wireless operators.
25-12-1943 - Leave
28-12-1943 - STS-52, Thame Park, Oxfordshire - security training for wireless operators
29-01-1944 - Howard Hotel
07-02-1944 - Dorset
14-02-1944 - East Sheen, 51 Hartford Ave, East Sheen, SW 14.
08-03-1944 - STS-45, Hatherop Castle, Fairford, Gloucestershire - Danish Holding School / Headquarters.
29-03-1944 - STS-47, ??? - advanced training on mines.
05-04-1944 - East Sheen, 51 Hartford Ave, East Sheen, SW 14.
11-04-1944 - Gerrards Cross, The Bolt, The Common, Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire.
12-04-1944 - STS-47, ??? - advanced training on mines.
19-05-1944 - London
22-05-1944 - STS-47, ??? - advanced training on mines.
27-05-1944 - London
28-05-1944 - STS-40, Howbury Hall, near Waterend, Bedford - training in use of EUREKA, REBECCA and
S-Phone. Reception Committee School.
07-06-1944 - Leave
08-06-1944 - Gerrards Cross, The Bolt, The Common, Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire.
12-06-1944 - STS-47, ??? - advanced training on mines.
13-06-1944 - STS-50, Gorse Hill, Witley near Godalming in Surrey.
28-06-1944 - Flat
05-07-1944 - STS-61, Gaynes' Hall, St Neots (after April 1942).
5th/6th-07-1944 - In the field.
OWN NAME TRAINING NAME NAME IN THE FIELD
Arie VAN DUYN Arie DUVEEN Arnold VAN OORDEN
CODE NAME OPERATION
DUYN van, Arie Dutch Section.
Born: NOORDWYK, 27-07-1918
Alias: DUVEEN, Arie @ THEODORE @ VAN OORDEN, Arnold.
Sent: From U.K. 05-07-1944.
Arrested by SD on either 21st or 22nd Dec 1944 in Rotterdam. He was taken to the SD offices and from there passed on to The Hague. This information was obtained from RUMMY, one of our agents who returned to the U.K. on 21-02-1945. RUMMY is of the opinion that agent has probably been executed, as Germans obtained all information he could give them.
Height 6' ½". Oval face: high forehead: blue eyes:normal nose: normal mouth: square chin: fair, curly hair: heavy build: thick-set: fresh complexion.
NT/TS/255 12th May 1944.
To: O.C. Group 'C' From: N/T
Students at STS-47
Could the a/m students please be brought to London on Friday next, 19th May. They are required in London for consultations with the section. At the same time it is felt that week-end leave might be granted to them. N feels that this would be good for their morale, especially DUVEEN whose wife is near London. It is suggested that they return to STS-47 on Monday, 22nd May.
Please advise if this meets with your agreement and if so, notify the time of students arrival in London.
NAW/KV/3259. 4th June, 1945
Arie VAN DUYN.
Now that this agent has returned to the UK, it has been thought necessary that he should undergo a security interrogation, in view of certain evidence which has been forthcoming against him.
The evidence in question has been obtained from two chief witnesses, both of whom when they were in the UK were looked upon as being agents of the highest integrity, whose statements were all proved to be extremely accurate. it is important to note that both these witnesses gave evidence not on hearsay, but on their own first-hand experience.
1. The head of the Rotterdam branch of the KP, Magnus VAN SCHELVEN @ ROB, stated on 24th January, that:
"He was not at all surprised to see the names, Etc which RUMMY says are known to the GERMANS, because he says that he knows that GRIBBAGE (NOL), who was arrested on or about 20th December, 1944 told all that he knew to the Germans almost at once and that TIENE, the courier, did the same.
At the time of TIENE's enlistment by GRIBBAGE there had been some question as to whether or not she was a suitable person for the work which she was to do, but GRIBBAGE had been loud in her praise and very anxious to have her services; she had been taken on on the strength of this and everything had gone well right up until the time of the arrest. They had never had any doubt about or fears for GRIBBAGE's security and the first thing that they knew of anything being wrong was the news of his arrest. Within half an hour of the arrest of GRIBBAGE and TIENE, TIENE was seen by members of the organisation driving round Rotterdam in a car with the Gestapo, pointing out all the addresses which she knew. Very shortly afterwards, GRIBBAGE himself made a public appearance walking alone in the streets, but followed at about 15 yards by two SD men, his job being to go up and speak to any person he knew to be engaged in resistance work, and all people so accosted by him were immediately arrested".
2. [redacted] who was a liaison officer and WT operator to the KP in Rotterdam, when interrogated on the 24th February, stated that:
"GRIBBAGE was arrested on either the 21st or 22nd December. On this day he was transmitting from his room as usual, and TIENE his courier followed the normal practise of keeping watch from the window. During the transmission she saw about 70 Germans surrounding the block of buildings. She gave the alarm, a boy called [redacted] (Folkert Elsinga) came in upon a purely innocent errand, bringing some apples and he also confirmed that the block of buildings was surrounded. The WT set and other gear were immediately hidden and the three occupants of the room engaged themselves upon some innocent pursuit; after a few minutes there was a ring at the door bell and TIENE answered the bell to find some Germans there led by a NCO, who asked if they might come in as they were looking for a German officer (Schöder Reichert) who they said was a deserter from the barracks which were situated in the next block. The Germans who were Wehrmacht personnel made a search of the flat without finding anything, but just as they were going away the NCO happened to see on the table [redacted] (Folkert)'s identity card bearing his real name and immediately recognised it as belonging to a man who had escaped from the concentration camp of VUGHT. The German asked [redacted] (Folkert) if it belonged to him, but he denied it and was immediately asked to produce his identity card, which he did; the two cards were then compared and although in different names, obviously bore photographs of the same man. Thereupon the NCO sent for the SD who arrived and made a thorough search of the whole place, pulling up the floorboards and tapping the walls. the sets were discovered, together with other material and the three occupants of the flat were arrested being taken to the SD offices and from there passed on to The Hague.
The buildings where this took place was [redacted] (Mathenesserweg 118) and the flat above that, which was occupied by GRIBBAGE, had formerly been used for the making of false identity cards.
Source had actually been in the neighbourhood of this house when GRIBBAGE's arrest took place and had seen the whole block surrounded by German soldiers; he had naturally gone away in the opposite direction, but has not been unduly alarmed since there was no reason for him to suppose that GRIBBAGE was in any particular danger. Source first heard of the arrest on the Wednesday (26-12-1945) after they took place and on the next night an unsuccessful attack was made on the SD offices. Source says that it was three weeks later that he heard that TIENE was at liberty, and he understands that the Germans took her by car from THE HAGUE to the suburbs of Rotterdam and than set her down by the road, waiting nearby until she succeeded in getting a lift into the town. immediately on her arrival in ROTTERDAM, TIENE got in touch with COR (Cor Bijsterveld), who was a WT operator recruited locally for the internal network by source. COR duly delivered this message and source arranged to meet TIENE at a house which was not known to the SD. The meeting was arranged so that TIENE should wait on a corner which could be observed from the house at which the meeting was to take place and where source already was. He could thus from the window observe TIENE's arrival and whether anyone came with her or was shadowing her. At the corner TIENE was picked up by one of source's men on a bicycle and he took her round the town, through many streets until he was sure that they were not being followed, then brought her to the house where source already was.
On arrival at the meeting TIENE was in a very emotional state and told source he had to hand over all his arms in the various dumps to the SD by Friday night (28-12-1945) and that if he did not do this the three agents who had been arrested and about thirty other members of Resistance who were in the hands of the SD would be shot. Source refuse to comply with this request and immediately handed TIENE over to the custody of the KP whereupon she was taken away and immediately interrogated by "Group-4", source being present. During the course of this interrogation TIENE stated that when she was captured by the SD, she was questioned by a German officer named HAUBOOCK (Haubrok). she had told the Germans that she was the fiancee of GRIBBAGE and they had undoubtedly used this fact to secure from her a great deal of information, though TIENE maintained that when at SD HQ, she had passed GRIBBAGE in a passage, and he has whispered to her, instructed her to tell the truth.
Among things told by TIENE to the Germans were the addresses of the two further houses from which GRIBBAGE worked, though she said that she had only consented to tell these to the Germans on being assured that the occupants would come to no harm. In addition to giving them the addresses, TIENE had actually driven with the Germans to the two houses with them, when they went to secure the sets. One of these was a farm which belonged to an old man called BAK (Bakker?), who refused to tell the Germans where the sets were hidden; TIENE asked whether the Germans who were with her would pay some money for this information and when they said that they would, she went to one of the farm labourers who immediately produced the set from a haystack, drawing the reward of 200 Gulden on the spot. While this was taking place the old farmer BAK managed to make his escape and when they found that he had gone, the Germans told the labourer who had produced the set that he might take what he liked from the house, which was promptly looted. So far as the guarantee of immunity given by the Germans to TIENE is concerned, it must be said that no efforts were made to look for BAK and so far as source knows the people who lived in the other house and who also knew what GRIBBAGE did, have so far remained unmolested. At the end of her interrogation by "Group-4", source told her interrogators that if they wanted to shoot TIENE he could not stop them, but she would certainly be of no use to anyone at all if she was dead and strongly recommended them to take her to a safehouse, which they did. TIENE is still held in custody in this house by the KP. Source, although he has no absolute knowledge, gives it as his opinion that GRIBBAGE has been executed; and this may well be true, since it is fairly clear that the Germans quickly obtained from GRIBBAGE most of the information that he was in a position to give them.
It may be thought that the disaster which followed upon the arrest of VAN DYUN and the courier TIENE, may be in great part attributable to TIENE, but in this connection the following very important point should be borne in mind.
TIENE before staring work for VAN DUYN had had some some years' activity in Resistance to her credit, and knew a very great many of the personalities connected with the members of other resistance organisations. This fact should be sufficient to show that TIENE was not guilty of gratuitous treachery, since had she so wishes, she could have given a great mass of information upon people whom she knew to the Germans, which information never in fact came into their hands. All that the SD found out from the arrest of VAN DUYN and TIENE were the safehouses, addresses and contacts of VAN DUYN. Had TIENE been guilty of treachery on her own account, it is unthinkable that she would have stopped short on this point and not given away the rest of the very valuable information which she had.
A perusal of the attached report on VAN DUYN's interrogation by the Special security Section, amply bears out the view which were held upon the necessity of such an interview. In reading this report it should be borne in mond that it has proved to be quite impossible to interrogate VAN DUYN thoroughly because during the period which elapsed between the liberation of HOLLAND and his return to the UK he had got to know exactly what we knew about him.
The story which he tells and which is recounted in the interrogation report is so exceedingly naive as to be almost beyond believe, but at the same time it does leave a very strong impression. The theory that the reason underlying HAUBROCK's good treatment of VAN DUYN was his wish to reinsure against the end of the war, hardly bears inspection, since it is quite unthinkable that we would have only reinsured with one or two agents, while still pursuing the most active and successful enquiries into the Resistance Movement and being quite obviously, in spite of anything he may have said, responsible either directly or indirectly for the execution of COR and EDU (Barmé).
It is not thought necessary to draw and deduction from this interrogation, since due to VAN DUYN being forewarned it is difficult to do so, and it is considered that circumstances surrounding VAN DUYN's imprisonment are sufficient to speak for themselves, the more so when the whole story is rounded off by his being the guest at SD headquarters on the night after his liberation from prison. It is not thought probable that VAN DUYN has a long term mission for the Germans in this country, but it is pointed out that it would appear to be only proper to show the interrogation report to the Dutch Authorities for their own interest and information.
To: BSS/A ADP/330B
From: AD/P 11-06-1945.
1. I refer to your BSSA/KV/3275 of the 6th June. From the legal point of view my reactions are as follows.
2. The evidence against VAN DUYN lies in:
A. The statement of ROB (Marinus van der Stoep) that VAN DUYN walked through the streets followed by two SD men whose job it was to identify and have arrested any members of the resistance movement whom he met. It is not clear whether ROB saw this himself or is merely speaking of hearsay. In the latter case the statement might be of some value of the people who actually say they saw him. As ROB is dead he can neither speak as to what he saw himself or help us to find those who may have seen him. I would stress, however, that if it is hearsay it may be a mere rumour without real foundation. it is denied by VAN DUYN.
B. [redacted] (de Goede?) has much evil to say of the woman TIENE; nothing at all against VAN DUYN, except that TIENE while under interrogation by KP stated that VAN DUYN had told her to tell the truth. This statement of TIENE's would not carry much weight since she was then imminent peril of death for her misdeeds and might well try and throw the blame on to VAN DUYN.
3. VAN DUYN denies any allegation of active collaboration with the Germans. It is true that he was at liberty in Holland before his interrogation and was able to ascertain exactly what we knew and to trim his statements accordingly. This may render his interrogation less acceptable as a factor clearing him but, on the other hand, does not create any positive evidence against him.
4. VAN DUYN admits that he and the SD officer HAUBROCK got on well together. VAN DUYN attributes this partly to HAUBROCK's intrinsic decent nature and partly to his - HAUBROCK's - cleverness. It is more probably that HAUBROCK is a clever man who realised that he could get more out of VAN DUYN by kindness than by cruelty.
5. if we pursue this matter further with enquiries all over Holland we might get evidence to show that VAN DUYN was not as clever as he thought and did give away information of value. That, however, will take the matter no further unless it were also shown that he made it malafide and not accidentally. If ROB were alive we should doubtless try and ascertain the origin and reliability of the report of VAN DUYN alleged walk through the street. As, however, he is dead, we have no starting point, and I cannot help feeling that if it had a reliable foundation vouched for by living witnesses the Dutch would have seized VAN DUYN when he contacted his former associates as they did with TIENE.
6. It appears that VAN DUYN did magnificent work before his arrest, for which he has already been awarded the M.B.E.
If the award had not been gazetted we might have asked that it be held up for a time in case anything further emerged. As it has already been gazetted I think no further action should be taken. I have spoken to N Section and warned them that it would be undesirable for [redacted](de Goede?) and VAN DUYN to be decorated at the same time.
Field Name: GRIBBAGE, alias NOL, alias THEODORE.
Training Name: DUVEEN. Interrogation by: Capt. P.B. WHITAKER.
Real Name: VAN DUYN. on: 15th JUNE 1945.
Circuit or Group: KP Rotterdam. Code: D26.
WT operator to BERTHE (de Goede), KP organiser, and KOOS (Mulholland), RVV organiser. He left UK on 6th July 1944 with BERTHE and KOOS and was arrested on 19th December 1944, being set free from prison by the SD on 21st April 1945 and returning to UK in the middle of May.
This agent has been the subject of a special security section interrogation and his information is thus unreliable. The security report (ref. RAW/KV/3259 dated 4th June 1945) concludes, "..... it is considered that circumstances surrounding VAN DUYN's imprisonment are sufficient to speak for themselves … it is nor though probably that VAN DUYN has a long term mission for the Germans in this country..."
Informant was despatched by parachute with BERTHE and KOOS on the night of the 6th - 7th July 1944 and made a good landing in the vicinity of EPE. It was a blind drop and the pinpoint was located exactly. They went straight to the home of some friends of BERTHE, a short way from EPE and the following day took a train to EDE encountering no incidents en route. KOOS went to ROTTERDAM and there made certain arrangements, as a result of which after about a fortnight, several Dutch Police arrived at their house and staged an arrest of BERTHE and GRIBBAGE, taking them to ROTTERDAM as their "prisoners". they thus successfully reach the city without having to risk being picked up in one of the enemy sweeps on the youthful population and being deported to GERMANY. In ROTTERDAM, they settled down in a safehouse, the address of which they already knew. Other Dutch policemen recovered the WT equipment which had been buried near the scene of their landing, and brought it to ROTTERDAM.
2. SITUATION IN THE AREA.
The local population was described as helpful but with no ideas of security or discretion and so, with the best intentions in the world, was liable to do more harm than good. GRIBBAGE mentioned that the Protestants were especially helpful.
GRIBBAGE took with him papers from LONDON which described him as a ship's carpenter. These were never shown to any authorities but were condemned as useless by the organisation, which obtained a fresh set for him, changing his cover occupation to that of an electrical engineer.
Informant was unable to give any information about organisations already in existence. He only knew that he was the WT operator to BERTHE the KP organiser, to KOOS the RVV organiser and that he also received and transmitted message occasionally for another organisation called LO.
He knew nothing of recruiting (But see para. 10, enlistment of TIENE as his courier).
Informant says he gave instruction to certain people whom he understood were leaders of sections, in Security (this took the form of lectures on the lines of the instruction he had receive at BEAULIEU), in Sabotage (in which he was hampered by the lack of stores) and in weapon training (he only had one Sten gun and one pistol available). He gave this instruction either out of doors or in a building belonging to a baker, where he said people would come and go freely, to five or six people at a time, usually in the afternoon.
When agents required money, they asked for it and if there was any available, they got it. If there was none available, they had to do without.
8. SECURITY RULES FOR THE ORGANISATION.
GRIBBAGE was unable to give any details of security rules, but stated that the security there was very slack and that it was difficult to maintain. The organisers for whom he worked did not have any idea of their responsibilities towards a WT operator.
He experienced much difficulty in the matter of obtaining suitable premises in which to live and from which to work. His organiser had no idea of what was required and although GRIBBAGE asked him not to send anyone direct to the house from which he was transmitting he (the organiser) actually moved in to live in the house himself. GRIBBAGE protested but realised that it was useless so left the house and found another one.
Another part of the house was used by other members of the resistance who forged documents.
10. INTERNAL COMMUNICATIONS.
Neither the telephone nor the Post was used, the messages being brought from the organiser usually by a girl courier and occasionally by the organiser himself. When the courier was used it was het custom to visit a certain address in order to pick up messages. At this address a signal, working as follows was used: - a pot of flowers was placed on the window-sill, to the left to signify danger, to the right to signify safety. The messages were carried by the courier already coded.
The courier was described by GRIBBAGE as being a girl of very much experience in clandestine work and was enlisted by him.
In the special security section interrogation it is recorded that the head of the ROTTERDAM branch of the KP, referring to this courier said "At the time of TIENE' s enlistment by GRIBBAGE there had been some question as to whether or not she was a suitable person for the work which she was to do, but GRBBAGE had been loud in her praise and very anxious to have her services; she had been taken on the strength of this and everything had gone well right up until the time of the arrest. …. Within one hour of the arrest of GRIBBAGE and TIENE, the latter was seen with members of the Gestapo driving round ROTTERDAM in a car, pointing out all the addresses which she knew".
Attempts were being made to organise an internal WT network, operating between certain towns. GRIBBAGE was to be an operator of this circuit, but at the time of his arrest it was still in its very early stages.
11. EXTERNAL COMMUNICATIONS.
GRIBBAGE spoke of the many technical difficulties which he experienced in maintaining contact with the Home Station. He said that the Home Station operators were no use. With regard to the precautions which he would have liked to have taken during his transmissions, he said that he should have insisted on as many spare sets and alternative houses as possible. No guards were provided and the only arrangements which he made were to ask the courier to keep her eyes open for DF-cars (Direction Finding) in the district and to tell him at once id she were to see anything suspicious.
He says that during the few days previous to his arrest he felt that something was wrong and reported the matter, but no action was taken.
He never kept copies of his messages any longer than five days.
He did not use this system himself but thinks that KOOS (Mulholland) used one in order to correspond with LONDON after having been deported to GERMANY; he does not know whether it was successful, or any other details.
12. ENEMY COUNTER-INTELLIGENCE IN THE AREA.
The national Police were extremely helpful and, as noted in para 1, assisted informant to reach ROTTERDAM and transported his set and WT equipment for him. The younger members of the Police Force had joined up on account of their Nazi sympathies and were not so reliable as the older members.
There were also members of the NSB in ROTTERDAM. he mentions also the presence of the Grüne Polizei.
When passing through controls one must not show any nervousness, but mist look the official straight in the eye and act almost aggressively.
He was successful in avoiding deportation to GERMANY by pretending to have a broken leg; he got forewarning of the rafle and persuaded a doctor to encase his leg in plaster. When the Germans came to the house in which he was living they sympathised with him about his injury.
He always took routine precautions against being followed or searched in the street.
Informant was arrested on the 19th (Tuesday) December 1944. At the time, he was in the middle of a midday 'sked'; the courier who was with him, warned him that a large number of Germans were approaching and in a very short time the house was surrounded by about 200 of them. He broke off his transmission, hid his set and the two of them went to the kitchen where they engaged themselves in preparing lunch. The Germans, who were Wehrmacht personnel, forced their way into the house under the pretext that they were looking for a German deserter. They soon discovered the set, which had been hidden in a cupboard the door of which had nor been properly closed, and both TIENE and GRIBBAGE were taken away under arrest. They were separated and GRIBBAGE says he was ill-treated and beaten. He attributes his arrest to DF.
Effect of Arrest.
It would appear that a number of addresses were discovered by the Germans as a result of the arrest and confession of the courier TIENE. She told of the two transmission houses, from which WT equipment was recovered.
At first he said that he was an electrical engineer and knew nothing whatsoever of the WT set which had been discovered, but eventually admitted that he was a WT operator and that he had come from the UK. When he admitted this, they stopped treating him harshly and a member of the SD came to him. This was STURMSCHAR-FÜHRER HAUBROK who interrogated informant in a very friendly manner. He first pointed out that it was quite useless to withhold any information as they knew everything already. The very pencil which GRIBBAGE had in his pocket, said HAUBRK, as well as the clothes which he wore, were sufficient to give him away at once. He asked him about Major BINGHAM, Major LIEFTINCK and Colonel DE BRUYNE, and also whether the HQ in LONDON was still in Baker Street.
He was taken to the SD flat at THE HAGUE and was very well received there, being provided with a meal, wine and cigarettes and the interrogation was characterised by the pleasant and amiable atmosphere. He was questioned about other agents with whom he had been trained and they quoted the names of some whom he knew had never been reached the field. HAUBROK gave many illustrations of the efficiency of the German Counter Espionage Service and told GRIBBAGE how successful he and his men had been and how foolish the British and their agents were.
he was interrogated by the Grüne Polizei on technical matters concerned with his WT equipment. they would not at first believe that he was unable to decode messages unless he had the appropriate One-Time-Pad, but after he had explained how it worked, they realised that he was telling the truth. They asked him to work for them, but he explained to them that it was impossible to do so and maintain his cover at the same time.
In prison he was given preferential treatment and finally, on the 21st April 1945 HAUBROK came to the cell and told GRIBBAGE that he was free. He was warned not to go to ROTTERDAM and was told that he might stay the night as guest at the SD flat in THE HAGUE; he was provided with an 'Entlassenschein' which stated that his other papers had been lost.
Asked why he thought he received this treatment, informant explained that he believed that HAUBROK was trying to make sure of his post-war career and did not wish to run the risk of being treated as a war criminal. He said that he (GRIBBAGE) got on very well with the SD people because he flattered them, pretending to admire their efficiency and success, and never contradicted anything that they said.
15. OPERATIONS. No information.
16. RECEPTION COMMITTEES. No information.
17. PARALLEL CIRCUITS.
Informant says that beside the KP and the RVV there were also, in ROTTERDAM, the OD and the LO organisations, about which he knew nothing, but for which he transmitted messages to LONDON.
18. PROPAGANDA ACTIVITIES.
Allied propaganda and news emanating from the BBC and the RAF leaflets were widely distributed and were enthusiastically received. He comments that it would have been a better idea to have arranged for the RAF leaflets to have been distributed through resistance organisations, as very frequently they were collected by the Germans and destroyed.
19. CRITISMS OF THE MISSION.
He commented on the absence of a search of himself and his equipment by some responsible person immediately prior to leaving the UK. He dicovered shortly after his landing, that under the label of his jacket was a little Red Cross Flag which he had bought in Gerrard's Cross a few days before his departure from the UK.
Future WT operators should be warned that they should, in no circumstances, consider themselves as important people in an organisation; but that they should, nevertheless, insist on their rights in the matter of obtaining a sufficient number of safehouses and suitable premises for transmission.
Lambrecht Gerhardt werd in december 1944 verantwoordelijk voor het vervalsen van persoonsbewijzen in Rotterdam. Hij zat dus in het verzet. In het dagelijks leven was hij ambtenaar bij de gemeente Rotterdam.
Gerhardt is geboren in 1904 en woonde aan de Adrianalaan in Schiebroek. Uit de documenten blijkt dat Gerhardt illegaal werker der landelijke organisatie, afdeling falsificatie en persoonsbewijzen is.
Johan van der Hoeven van het museum 40-45: (https://museumrotterdam.nl) "Van die organisatie hebben we meer in de collectie, bijvoorbeeld de gegevens van Kees van den Engel en Jim Keefe". Van den Engel was de oprichter van de firma Coco, de vervalsingscentrale van het Rotterdamse verzet. Keeffe was een neergeschoten Amerikaanse piloot die was ondergedoken. Hij hielp Van den Engel.
In december 1944 werd Kees van den Engel opgepakt en het hoofdkwartier van de vervalsingscentrale aan de Mathenesserweg 118b opgerold.
Lambrecht Gerhardt kreeg toen de leiding over de falsificaties. Als ambtenaar bij de gemeente kon hij aan blanco persoonsbewijzen komen.
Kees van den Engel zorgde bijvoorbeeld voor onderdak voor onderduikers en nam het op voor een gedeserteerde Duitser. Deze Duitse soldaat, Schöder Reichert, was in 1933 gevlucht uit nazi Duitsland. Hij vertrok naar Zweden waar hij als artiest optrad.
Van der Hoeven: "Toen zijn moeder in 1943 ernstig ziek werd, had zij nog één wens: haar zoon zien. Reichert nam het risico en ging naar Duitsland terug. Hij werd verraden en gearresteerd."
Vervolgens moest hij in militaire dienst. In 1944 werd hij naar Nederland gestuurde. Hij deserteerde en dook in Rotterdam onder bij de familie Prins. Reichert probeerde bij het verzet te komen maar hij werd niet meteen vertrouwd.
Uiteindelijk wist hij vertrouwen te winnen van Lambrecht Gerhardt. Reichert hielp Gerhardt met het vervalsen van persoonsbewijzen. Ook deed hij koerierswerk. Dat deed hij in zijn Duitse uniform.
"Bij de razzia van 10 november 1944 heeft hij, in datzelfde uniform, meerdere Rotterdammers weer vrij weten te krijgen, waaronder de drie gebroeders Dalmeijer. Daar hebben wij nu een door Lambrecht ondertekende verklaring van", vertelt Johan van der Hoeven.
Na de oorlog werd Gerhardt aangesteld in kamp Hoek van Holland. Een kamp waar NSB-ers werden geïnterneerd. Het bewijs daarvan zit ook bij de documenten over hem. Net als een ode aan Gerhardt, geschreven door enkele door hem geholpen onderduikers.
Over het vrij krijgen van de drie broers Dalmeijer na de razzia in Rotterdam van november 1944 is bij het museum verder niets bekend.
Graag komt Johan van der Hoeven in contact met mensen die daar meer over kunnen vertellen. Mail naar firstname.lastname@example.org als je meer informatie hebt.
© RIJNMOND 10 juli 2018.
14) van Duin "Nol" - Para-Funker d. "BBO" London.
Der Niederlaender Nol van Duin diente langjaerig in der niederlaendischen Marine und war auf verschiedenen Kriegschiffen und U-Booten in diesem Kriege. Er komt aus der Umgebung von Noordwijk a.S. In England ist er mit einer Englaenderin verheiratet, die eine art von "Nachrichtenhelferin" beim BBO oder BI in London taetig war. Sie sass auf der Funkempfangsanlage wo alle Funksprueche in England einkamen, und war vielen der von England eingesezten Agenten bekannt.
"Nol" van Duin wurde etwa im Juli 1944 als Funker fuer BBO-London in Niederland gedropt. Er kam zusammen mit den Niederlaendern: "Bert" de Goede aus Ede, Parallelweg Nr.? und "Koos" -X- (vermutl. Mulholland od. aehnl.)
"Bert" und "Koos" sind ehemalige Angehoeriger der Seefahrtschule Amsterdam (?) und gingen etwa 1943 illegal nach England.
Waehrend "Bert" Verbindungsoffizier zum "LKP" war, war "Koos" Verbindungsoffzier zum "RVV" Beide hatten ihren Sitz in Rotterdam Die dropping fand statt in der Umgebung von Epe / Gldl.
"Nol" war der Funker fuer "Bert" und "Koos" Unmittelbar nach der Landung begaben sich die 3 Agenten in die Wohnung der Eltern des Bert de Goede in Ede. Sicherheitshalber, um nicht zu viel Aufsehen bei den Nachbarn zu erregen, wurde der Funker "Nol" bei einer Freundin des "Bert" untergebracht und zwar bei der Niederlaenderin Dini Gaazenbeek, Ede, Ketelstr. 12
"Koos" fuhr als erster nach Rotterdam, um seine Verbindungen dort aufzunehmen. Als er Unterkunft fuer "Bert" und "Nol" in Rotterdam, Centuurlaan nr. ? (21) gefunden hatte, folgten ihm "Bert" und spaeter auch "Nol". Da sie in Rotterdam eine vertrauenswuerdige Kurierin gebrauchten und Dini Gaazenbeek bereits eingeweiht worden war, die auch bis dahin nachweislich jahrelang die Verbreitung der Schrift "Je Maintiendrai" ueber ganz Gelderland inne hatte, wurde diese gefragt, ob sie Stelle als Kurierin uebernehmen wolle. Sie nahm diese gern an. Sie ging mit "Nol" zusammen oder folgte diesem in einigen Tagen nach Rotterdam.
Etwa im Oktober-November 1944 wurde der Sender des "Nol" im Hause der Familie Elsinga in Rotterdam, Mathenesserweg 119 durch einen Wehrmachtpeiltrupp angepeilt under Funder "Nol" Festgenommen. Mit ihm zusammen wurden festgenommen Dini Gaazenbeek, Kurierin und Folkert Elsinga der in dem gleichen elterlichen Hause eine PB Faelscher-Centrale unterhielt. Bei der Durchsuchung der Personen und der Wohnung durch die Peiltruppe - Ich war zu der Zeit noch nicht anwesend- versuchte Dini Gaazenbeek oder der Funker "Nol" ein kleines Zettelchen mit Adressen zu vernichten oder fortzuwerfen. Es wurde aber gefunden. Auf diesem Zettel befanden sich die Nummern der uebrigen Sender, die neuen Kontaktadressen usw. Er enthielt jedenfalls wichtige Adressen und Notizen, Anhand dieses Zettel war es dem Trupp sofort klar dass weitere Sendegeraete arbeiten mussten. "Nol" und "Dini" lehnten alles ab, und wollten den Inhalt des Zettels nicht kennen.
Erst als Ich kam, um die Festgenommen zum Verhoer zu uebernehmen, erklaerten sie sich bereits darueber Aussagen zu machen. Ich verplichtete mich von den Verantwortlichen der uebrigen Sendewohnungen niemanden festzunehmen. Bei diesen Personen handelte es sich um die Niederlaender:
1) Familie Steffen, Rotterdam, Staatenweg 124
2) Bauer Bakker in Overschie
3) Adri Moerman, Rotterdam, Rauenhoffpl. 4a
Fuer den zu 3) genannten Moerman traf diese meine Versicherung nicht zu, weil ich Moerman bereits von frueher herkannte and wusste dass er sich als Funker des Binnenlandschen Netzes des RVV in Rotterdam betaetigte. Er sollte fuer RVV ein Sendenetz ueber ganz Holland anlegen was auch bereits fertig war. Moerman wurde durch den Sachearbeiter SS-Unterstuf. Wilfert bereits deswegen gesucht. "Dini" und "Nol" waren auch eigentuemlicher weise nicht ueberascht darueber, als Ich sagte, dass der letzte auf dem Zettel genannte Adrie Moerman in meiner Verplichtung nicht einbegriffen sei. Als Ich naemlich den Zettel sah und las "Adrie Moerman" R'pl.4a war es mir sofort klar dass es sich um den gleichen handelte den ich bereits 1941 festgenommen hatte, ihn jedoch entlassen musste, weil ich ihn damals eine Spi-Taetigkeit (Lieferung von militaer Nachrichten) nicht voll nachweisen konnte. Ich versprach ihr aber dass ich selbst von "Adrie" nichts wolle weil seine Wohnung als Senderstelle gedient hatte.
Als ich am folgenden Tage nach Rotterdam fuhr um die Sendegeraete von den einzelnen Sendestellen abzuholen erkundigte ich mich erst bei "Nol" und "Tini" (Dini) wo die geraete genau verstecht seien was mir auch angegeben wurde. Ich stellte "Tini" anheim selbst mitzufahren um mit den Leuten zu sprechen damit sie saehen dass sie wirklich keine Angst zu haben brauchten. Zuerst fuhren wir zu der Sendestelle Familie Steffen, Rotterdam, Staatenweg 124, wo nicht nur Senderstelle war sondern auch der Funker "Nol" und seine Kurierin "Dini" wohnten. Es war allein die Ehefrau zu Hause. Der Ehemann der vermutlich schon von der Festnahme des "Nol" gehoert hatte war anscheind schon "getaucht". Ich holte das Funkgeraet aus dem Fussboden waehrend "Tini" die Frau beruhigte uns ihr sagte dass sie weitere Nachteile nicht haben wuerde. Wir tranken noch gemeinsam Kaffee und verabschiedeten uns. Die Frau konnte all dieses nicht begreifen denn sie wahr sehr nervoes. Von einer weiteren Durch suchung der Wohnung habe ich Abstand genommen zumal mir die Kurierin versicherte dass sich "Besonderes" nicht mehr in der Wohnung befaende. ich verwarnte die Frau zum schluss machte sie auf die Schwere ihrer Handlungen aufmerksam und betonte dass ihr mann - soweit er nicht noch andere Sachen auf seinem Gewissen habe- es nicht noetig habe unterzutauchen.
Anschlissend fuhren wir zu dem Bauern Bakker in Overschie wo die 3 Funkstelle war und sich ein S-Geraet befinden musste. Wir konnten mit unserem Auto nicht bis ganz vors Haus fahren weil der Zugangsweg versperrt war. So konnte und der Bauer schon aus einer Entfernung von ueber 500 m sehen. "Tini" blieb im Wagen waehrend SS-Unterstuf. Bauer und ich den Hof aufsuchten. Wir begaben uns in das uns angegebene Senderzimmer nach der Strasse hin gelegen. Das Sendegeraet war jedoch verschwunden. es standen allein noch einige Akkus dort und die Zuleitungen waren noch vorhanden. Wir erklaerten dem Bauern und seine etwa 35 Jahre alten Tochter dass wir von ihm weiter nichts wollten. Er solle allein das Sendegeraet herausgeben. Beide wollten von solch einem geraet nichts wissen und auch nach der personsbeschreibung weder der Funker noch die Kurierin kennen. Nach einige Zeit erklaerte sich die Tochter bereit das Geraet auf dem Hausboden zu suchen. Sie kam jedoch nicht zurueck und war nach hinten heraus geflohen. Wir machten jetzt den Bauern darauf aufmerksam welche Gefahr er auf sich geladen habe, er solle vernuenftig sein anderenfalls wir seinen Hof nieder brennen wuerden. Wir wollten ihn Angst einjagen. Er liess sich aber auf nichts ein. Alles unser Suchen war bisher wargeblich gewesen. In der Umgebung des Bauernhauses arbeiteten etwa 30 Rotterdammer Arbeiter. Sie verstaerkten den Deich. Wir wendeten uns an diese und setzten eine Belohnung von 200 Gulden aus fuer den der dass Sendegeraet auf dem Heuboden finden wuerde. Die Arbeiter gingen sofort ans Werk. Es war viel arbeit denn der ganze Boden lag bis unter das Dach voll mit Heu. Dieses musste alles erst hinausgeworfen und spaeter wieder an den alten Platz. Um den noetigen Nachdrueck dahinter zu setzen dass der Bauer auch wirklich glaubte dass wir seinen Hof abbrennen wuerden falls er keine Angaben machen wuerde liessen wir das Vieh, einige Kuehe und Schweine, auf der Nachbarhof bringen. Das erschuetterte ihn aber alles nicht. Er bat sich allein die Bibel aus und machte eine Bemerkung die etwa besagte dass er damit das Hauptsaechste gerettet habe.
Nach etwa 2 Stunden Suchen erscholl auf einmal ein "Hurrah" aus dem Bauernhof. Ein Arbeiter hatte den Koffer mit dem Sendegeraet gefunden. Mitten im Heu fasst auf dem Boden hatte es gestanden. Ohne Abladen des Heues waere es nicht gefunden worden. Die Arbeiter hatten naturlich auch viele Lebensmittel vorraete unter dem Heu und sonst wo versteckt vorgefunden u.a. auch eine Blechdose mit Silbergeld. Wir zahlten daraufhin den Finder die 200 oder 250 Gulden in Papier und Silber aus. Die restliche ca 30 Arbeiter erhielten jeder auch ca 15-20 Fl. in Silber sodass dieses restlos damit auf ging. Nun ging ein allgemeines Geschimpfe der "hungrigen" Arbeiterauf den Bauern los. Man zeigte auf die Lbelsmittel. Man zeigte auf ein Kalb welches "schwarz" geschlachtet war und in einem grossen Kessel gekocht wurde. Man sagte dass es der gierigste Bauer aus der Umgebung sei der fuer Gold uns Silber verkaufen wuerde. SS-Unterstuf. Bauer als Leiter des Kommandos gab daraufhin den Arbeiter die Erlaubnis sich alles an Lebensmittel aus dem Hof zu holen. Dass damit auch manches Waeschestuck verschwand war klar. Wir hatten kein Zeit mehr und beauftragten einen Feldwebel aus der nahegelegenen Flakstellung dass er fuer den Rest sorgen sollte. Dem Bauern sagten wir dass er nun sein Vieh wiederholen koenne. Von einer Festnahme und vom Abbrennen des Hofes wuerden wir keinen Gebrauch machen. da er durch den Verlust seiner Vorraete bereits genuegend geschaedigt sei. Von dem Augenblick an wo wir fortfuhren haben wir den Arbeitern verboten das Haus noch zu betreten. Der Bauer war wieder Herr ueber seinen Hof. Der Feldwebel stand ihm zur Seite.
Somit hatten wir insgesamt das 3. Sendegeraet. Am gleichen Tage noch suchten wir die Wohung des Mitarbeiters Adrie Moerman, Rotterdam, Rauwenhoffpl. 4a auf, wo sich auch ein Sendegeraet unter dem Fussboden befand. Bei diesem Kommando welche diese Wohnung aufsuchte befand sich auch u.a. der Unterstuf. Wilfert, der nach Adrie Moerman fahndete. Es waren allein die beide Schwestern des "Adrie" zu Hause. Das Sendegeraet war vorhanden. Es war das 4. das wir vorgefunden hatten. Der Unterstuff. Wilfert blieb mit 2 Soldaten in der Wohnung waehrend wir uns entfernten. Sie warteten auf die Rueckkehr des "Adrie". nach etwa 2 Stunden erschien dieser mit seiner Kurierin und mitarbeiterin Marijke Elsinga der Tochter des Hause wo der Funker "Nol" festgenommen worden war.
"Dini" war besonderg ueber die Festnahmen dieser beiden erstaunt weil sie erwartet hatte dass sie bestimmt "getaucht seien. Zumal "Marijke" einige Tagen vorher von draussen den ganzen Vorgang in ihrer elterlichen Wohnung beobachter hatte".
Bisher waren also insgesamt festgenommen worden:
a) Funker "Nol" van Duin und Kurierin "Dini" Gaazenbeek
b) Zu Wilferts Laten:
"Adrie" Moerman und "Marijke" Elsinga
c) Ohne Sacharbeiter war bisher: "Folkert" Elsinga, fuer den der Sturmscharff. Brueckner als sachbearbeiter angewiesen wurde, der jedoch in diesen Tage nicht anwesend war.
Waehrend der Vernehmungen des Funkers van Duin "Nol" und der Kurierin Gaazenbeek, richtete sich meine Interesse besonders auf die beiden Organ. "Bert" und "Koos".
Von "Koos" erzaehle man allgemein dass er seit dem Zeitpunkt der "Razzia" in Rotterdam spurlos verschwunden sei. Er sei vermutlich nach Nordbrabant gegangen wenn es ihm gelungen sein sollte sich vor der "Razzia" zu verbergen. Ich wusste aber seine fruehere Wohnung in Rotterdam. Diese war mit auf den beim Funker vorgefundenen schriftlichen Unterlagen gefunden worden.
Ich hatte mit "Nol" und "Dini" mehrfach politische Gespraeche wobei ich betonte dass es uassehen wuerde als bekomme der kommunstisch orientierte "RVV" unter der "Illegalitaet" die Ueberhand. Ich wies daraufhin dass dieser ueber die meisten Waffen verfuegen wuerde usw. Beide waren sie mit diesem Umstand nicht zufrieden, Sie erzaehlten auch, wie "Bert" ihr Chef dem RVV politisch gegenueberstand. Er war danach vollkommen unzufrieden aucg gegen gewisse Kreise des LKP in Rotterdam. Ich zog jetzt in Erwaegung dass "Bert" fuer sie beide und die ueberigen Agenten und mitarbeiter viel tun kenne wenn er sich mit mir ueber verschiedene Punkte aussprechen wuerde. Ich liess die Moeglichkeit offen dass "Bert" durch Einstellung seiner Arbeit und Auslieferung seiner gedropten Waffen und vor allem die der "RVV" evtl die Freilassung der Festgenommenen Agenten und Mitarbeiter bewirken koenne. Diese Loesung - falls eine solche zustande kommen wuerde - sahen beide fuer : ausgezeichnet" an. Als erstes galt es aber dass ich einmal mit "Bert" persoenlich sprechen koennte. Ich gab die Versicherung dass ich nicht beabsichtige etwa "Bert" festzunehmen. Da ich auf den vorgefundenen schriftlichen Unterlagen auch im besitz der meisten Kontaktadressen und Wohnadressen war, war eine Moeglichkeit gegeben mit "Bert" in Kontakt zu kommen. Unter meiner Zusicherung dass ich "Bert" bei einen Treff nicht festnehemen wuerde, versprachen "Nol" und "Tini" ihre mithilfe. Der Funker "Nol" schrieb einen Brief and "Bert" den "Dini" an die Kontakt adresse: Filiale der Beckerei v.d. Sterre, Rotterdam, Str..? brachte. "Nol" bat um eine dringende Aussprache mit "Bert". Dieser sollte den Zeitpunkt des Treffs in Rotterdam angeben. Ich suchte persoenlich mit "Dini" diese Beckerei auf und sah den "Mitarbeiter". Am gleichen Tage -nachmittags- hollte "Dini" in meiner Begleitung die Antwort des "Bert" ab, die etwa Lautete: "Treffpunkt heute 4 uhr in Wohnung: Rotterdam, Str. ? -wo "Koos" bisher wohnte". Zu der festgesetzten Zeit befand ich mich mit Bauer in der Wohnung. "Bert" erschien jedoch nicht. Ich nehme an dass er voher gewarnt worden ist oder er hat uns ins Haus gehen sehen und daher der Sache nicht mehr getraut. Ich kann an dieser Stelle versichern dass ich "Bert" nicht festgenommen haben wuerde wenn er erschienen waere. Ich haette mich sportiv an den Vereinbahrungen gehalten die zwischen "Nol" und "Tini" einerseits und mir andererseits geschlossenworden waren. Ich wollte vorerst nicht mehr als mit ihm ueber die Gesamtsituation sprechen. er sollte mir seine Ansicht dazu sagen. und ich glaube bestimmt dass wir zu einem fuer beide Teile guenstiges Resultat gekommen waeren. Mir ging es hauptsaechlich darum die Sprenstoff -u. Waffendroppingen der "RVV" und "LKP" zu stoppen oder teilweise zu stoppen und die bereits im Lande befindlichen Vorraete sicher zu stellen. Ich weiss auch dass meine Chef sich mit meinem Vorhaben einverstanden erklaert haben wuerden. Bisher war mein Vorhaben mein eigene Geheimnis geblieben. Fuer mich war der Ausgang des krieges bereits entschieden. Ich wollte damit allein noch versuchen den "linksorientierten Illegalen" die m.E. fuer die Besatzungsmacht und die deutschfreundlich Bevoelkerung am gefaehrlichsten zu sein schien noch moeglichst viel Waffen nehmen. Ich merkte dass der Zusammenbruch Deutschlands nur noch eine Frage von einigen Monaten sein konnte- wie es dann auch war- Holland drohte abgeschnitten zu wereden. Wenn man in dem Falle diesen zum Teil ungeordneten und wild handelnden Widerstandsgruppen eine umfangreiche Menge von Waffen und Geraete nehmen konnte, hoffte ich, den Deutschen und auch den fuer Ruhe und Ordnung eintertenden niederlaendschen Kreisen einen Dienst erwiesen zu haben. Nach unserer allgemeinen Meining verfuegten naehmlich "RVV 2 und "LKP" ueber die vorhandenen Waffen - RVV doppelt so viel wie LKP waehrend der "OD" so gut wie keine oder nur wehrwenige hatten. Das will sagen, dass wir den "OD" tatsaechlich - im gegensatz zu frueheren Zeit erfuer diejenige der Widerstandsgruppen ansahen die fuer Ruhe und Ordnung im Lande war und sich gegen eine "niederl. Bartholomaunacht" einsetzte. Die Festnahme des Para-Organ. "Bert" wuerde meinen ganzen Plan zerschlagen haben, denn ich konnte nur etwas erreichen auf diesem Gebiete, wenn ich die ehrliche Mithilfe des "Bert" hatte. Und ehrlich und fuer beide Teile zum Nutzen haette es nur sein koennen wenn "Bert" frei blieb und frei handeln konnte.
Meine dieszueglichen mehr privaten Plaene waren mit dem Nichterscheinen "Berts" in erster Instanz in Wasser gefallen, doch gab ich die versuche nicht auf. Als ich ins gefaengnis zurueckkam und fuehlte dass "Nol" und "Tini" durch Ausblieben der "Bert" ehrlich enttauscht waren erbot sich die Kurierin "Tini" persoenlich nach Rotterdam fahren zu wollen um "Bert" audzusuchen. wie wollte alles mit ihm besprechen. Irgendwelche Auftraege besonderer Art gab ich ihr nicht mit. Sie sollte allein "Bert" fragen ob er bereit sei sich mit mir an einem durch ihn zu bestimmen Ort mit seiner ausreichenden Sicherheit versehen zu treffen zum Zweck einer Aussprache. Sie wollte sich direkt an ihn wenden ohne ueber Mittelpersonen zu gehen. Sie war Naehmlich der Meinung dass "Bert" es von sich aus wohl tun wuerde, doch muesse die Sache scheitern wenn der LKP in Rotterdam eingeschaltet werden wuerde oder davon Kenntnis bekommen wuerde.
So kam es dann dass ich die Kurierin "Dini" Gaazenbeek etwa kurz vor Weihnachten 1944 nach Rotterdam ohne Kenntnis meiner Vorgesetzten entliess. Ich sagte ihn noch dass sie moeglichst in 14 Tagen zurueckgekehrt sein sollte oder mich wenigstens von dem positiven oder negativen Ergebnis fernmuendlich in Kenntnis setzen. Sie sollte "Bert" ausrichten dass ich bereit sei, ihn ueberall und zu jeder Stunde zu erwarten. Und dass er sich so sichern koenne wie er es beliebe. Ich wuerde auf jeden Fall in Civil - allein und ohne Waffen- kommen. Ich ahnte an der Zeit noch nicht, dass ich mich beim Zustandekommen dieses Treffs an gesichte meines so weitgehenden sportiven Optimismusses "mein eigenes Grag gegraben haben wuerde". Ich wurde bald eines Besseren belehrt. "Dini"liese nichts von sich hoeren und kehrte auch nicht zurueck. Ich habe nicht einen Augenblick an der Ehrlichkeit "Dini" gezweifelt und wuesste sofort dass ein Unglueck geschehen sei dass die ganze Angelegenheit schief gelaufen war und nur sum Nachteil "Dinis". "Dini" musste durch den LKP in Rotterdam in Unkenntnis der Sachlage festgenommenworden sein. Sie hatte "Bert" anscheinend nicht direkt treffen koennen. Wie immer hielt ich mich auch jetzt an meine Zusicherungen die Kontaktadressen
1) Baeckerei v.d. Sterre
2) Blumenhandlung -X- Rotterdam, Str?
3) und einige Wohnadressen, wie z.B. Centuurlaan Nr.?, der ehem. Wohnung "Koos" und verschiedene andere.
nicht anzutasten und den Leute keine Schwerigkeiten zu machen.
Einige Wochen spaeter -nach der Peilung und Festnahme des Funkers Barmé und anhand des bei diesem vorgefundenen Schriftmaterial - fiel die SIPO Rotterdam in das Hauptquartier des LKP, Rotterdam, Oude Dijk Nr? Hier wurde ein Koffer sichergestellt welcher das Archiv des LKP enthielt. Unter diesen Schriftsachen befanden sich die schriftliche Vernehmung der Dini Gaazenbeek durch den LKP und das schriftlich ausgefertigte Urteil ueber Dini Gaazenbeek. Das Urteil Lautete etwa wie folgt:
L.K.P. Rotterdam Rotterdam, am ? Jan.
Heden werd wegens verraad en daardoor ontstane Slachtoffers geliquideers:
uit Ede, Ketelstr. 12
U wordt verzocht de ouders in kennis te stellen.
Aan Mevr. Steffen,
Rotterdam, Staatenweg 124.
- 72 -
Das Verhoer von "Dini" Gaazenbeek wurde gefuehrt durch einen LKP-Leiter in Rotterdam der das Verhoer mit D-2 unterzeichnete. Es war darin zum Ausdruck gebracht dass das Verhoer durchgefuehrt worden war durch "Bert" d.i. Bert de Goede aus Ede und dem D-2 der LKP-Rotterdam. Eine Durchschrift des Urteil wurde durch die L.K.P. Rotterdam der Familie Steffen zugeschickt die die Eltern der Dini Gaazenbeek in Ede in Kenntnis stellen sollte. An dieser Adresse hatte "Dini" in Rotterdam illegal gewohnt wo ich auch mit ihr war und ein Sendegeraet abholte.
Zu der Urteilausfertigung muss ich sagen dass der Inhalt vollkommen falsch ist denn
1) hat Dini Gaazenbeek nichts verraten.
2) sind keine Schlachtopfer gefallen.
und Wie ich bereits vorher betonte wurde keiner der Sendewohnungen oder illegalen Wohnungen oder Kontaktadressen festgenommen. Diese Adressen waren auf dem vorgefunden Zettel verzeichnet, den "Dini" im Augenblick der Festnahme zu vernichten versuchte. Was ihr aber nicht glueckte. Wenn sie mit mir "auf stap" gewesen ist, dann nur nach Rotterdam
1) um die Sender in den Wohnung anzuweisen damit ich beim suchen nichts unmoetigen Schaden in den Wohnungen
anzirichten brauchte und weiter um die betr. Personen zu beruhigen
2) um mit "Bert" die Verbindung zu mir herzustellen.
Sie hat in guten Glauben und im Vertrauen auf mich gehandelt. Sie wollte fuer "Nol" und die anderen Agenten in Scheveningen etwas tun und war der festen Ueberzeugung dass sich dieses nicht gegen Niederlaender oder gegen Niederland richtete.
Ob es zum Vorteil oder Nachteil Niederlands gewesen waere duerfte eine Streifrage sein weil darin das Politische eine Rolle spielt. Aber Verrat kann man es nicht nennen. Man kann doch nicht ueber ein junges 21 jaehriges Maedchen in der Form Recht sprechen ohne die naeheren Umstaende zu kennen. "Dini" hat in ihren Verhoer zum Ausdruck gebracht dass
sie und "Nol" bei der Sicherheitspolizei auserst korrekt behandelt worden ist. Als man ihr die Frage stellte was sie tun wuerde wenn die LKP nie wiederlos liesse ob sie zu mir nach Den Haag zurueckgehen wuerde antwortete sie: "Dass sie darauf nichts antworten koenne und wolle". Daraufhin war man dann der Ansicht dass sie bis zum Urteil gut und sicher aufgeschlossen werden muesse weil sie sonst zur SIPO Den Haag-Gefaengnis Scheveningen in diesem- fluechten wuerde. Wenn "Dinis"Angaben in diesem Verhoer bei dem LKP auch nicht in allen Teilen stimmte, so konnte ich doch deutlich daraus fuehlen das sie doch das Vertrauen zu mir nicht Verloren hatte. Als man sie dann fragte was sie denke was der LKP jetzt mit ihr tun werde antwortete sie: Doodschieten"!, betonte aber dabei dass sie in dem Falle um:"Gnade" nicht bitten wuerde.
ich kann an dieser Stelle versichern dass weder "Dini" Gaazenbeek noch der Funker "Nol" van Duinin ihren Verhoeren nicht mehr angegeben haben als Beweise dafuer vorlagen und weiteres Luegen zwecklos war. wenn sie beide haetten Verrat ihres Verteiles (haetten) wegen fuehren wollten dann haetten sie mir das Vorhandensein und Stand der Sender
a) des Agenten "Edu" d.i. Barmé
b) des Funker "Cor West" d.i.v. Bijsterveld mitteilen koennen und viele andere wertvolle Sachen.
Nach der Festnahme der Kurierin Gaazenbeek durch den LKP-Rotterdam hatte ich aus diesem Agenten-Vorgang nur noch einen Gefangenen naemlich den Funker "Nol" van Duin. Fuer dieses fuehlte ich mich nun -angesichts der Tatsache, dass "Dini", welches gleichzeitig seine Geliebte war, nicht zurueckgekehrt war - besonders verpflichtet.
Mit "Nol" unternahm ich dann dasselbe "Manoever" wie ich es mit dem Agenten "Jos" van Alebeek durchgefuert habe. Beide wurden an ein und demselben Tage als "meine sogenannten V-Leute" getarnt entlassen. Das war die einzige Weg. (Siehe auch unter v. Alebeek auf Bl. 29 dies Berichtes)
Als der Anschlag auf "Rauter" passiert war, erhielt ich von Frank den Auftrag den bei der Aushebung des Senders van Duin in Rotterdam in der Sendewohnung mitfestgenommen "Folkert" Elsinga kurz zu verhoeren, weil dieser mit als Geisel fuer "Rauter" gedacht sei. Sein Sacharbeiter Brueckner war noch nicht zurueck. "Folkert" hatte fuer den LKP und anderen Widerstandsgruppen und getauchten Juden Personsbewijse hergestellt und auch andere Bescheinigungen allert Art. Man konnte seinen Betrieb mit Recht eine "Faelscher-Centrale" nennen denn er verfuegte ueber fast alle Sorten von niederlaendischen und deitschen Formularen mit Siegel. Es wurden in der Sendewohnung hunderte von fertigen, halbfertigen und alten PB's vorgefunden mit Listen und Kontaktadressen und Wohnungen der "Getauchten". Man hatte anhand dieses Materials hunderte von illegal arbeitenden Niederlaendern und getauchten Juden festnehmen koennen. Ich machte Frank den Vorschlag dafuer zu sorgen dass "Folkert" von der Geiselliste gestrichen wuerde da seine Vernehmung "grossen Wert" verspraeche und er nicht in einem Tage vernommen sein koennte. Dieses wurde eingesehen aber doch abgelehnt da die Zahl der geforderten Geisel voll werden musste. Ich verhoerte ihn mit einigen schriftlichen Saetzen und schob ihn in letzter Minute zwischen den Transport der "Leichten Faelle" dessen Gefangenen bereits im Gefaenishof angetreten waren. Sasselbe tat ich mit allen meinen Gefangenen die auf der Geiselliste verzeichnet waren und bei denen ick keinen anderen Ausweg fand. So konnte ich von mir aus sagen: "Von meinen Gefangen sind keine fuer "Rauter" erschossenworden". Einige Tage spaeter musste ich dann zu meiner Enttaeuschung feststellen dass man in Amersfoort noch einige ca 3-4 dieser Leute aus dem Transport geholt und doch noch mit erschossen hatte. So auch "Folkert" Elsinga.
Auf derselben "Rauter-Liste" war auch "Adrie" Moerman verzeichnet der mich eigentlich gar nichts anging. Sachbearbeiter war Wilfert, ich setzte mich mit dem Stab in Zwolle - Stubaf. Schreieder - meinem eigentlichen Chef - fernmuendlich in Verbindungund sagte ihm dass "Adrie" ausser seiner Vernehmung durch Wilfert noch von mir vernommen werden muesste da "Adrie" nicht nur im "binnenlandsche Funk" sondern auch im "Englandfunk" gearbeitet habe und dazu wertvolle Angaben machen koennen. Ich hatte auch diesbezueglich vorher mit Wilfert gesprochen der dasselbe bekundete. Wir waren beide entschlossen fuer "Adrie" alles zu tun wozu wir in der Lage waren. So wurde "Adrie" durch Schreieder von der Liste gestrichen. Verhoert habe ich ihn jedoch nicht mehr denn ich hatte kein Interesse daran. Vorwand war nur ein "manoever" zu seiner Sicherheit.
Adrie Moerman und auch seine Kurierin und Mitarbeiter Marijke Elsinga blieben bis zur Kapitulation im Polizeigefaengnis und wurden dann entlassen.
Der Einzige der aus dem Doppelvorgang van Duin-Moerman den Tod fand war "Folkert" Elsinga bei dem mein Versuch misslungen war ohne dass ich es wusste.
Ueber den Verbleib "Dini" Gaazenbeek kann ich nichts sagen. Ich habe nie wieder etwas von ihr gehoert und muse annehmen dass der LKP-Rotterdam das ausgesprochenen Todesurteil vollstreckt hat. Bei ihrer Entlassung aus Scheveningen hatte sie einige ihrer Sachen wie Ring und Brosche vergessen. Diese Sachen habe ich ihre einige Wochen spaeters Zellengenossin Frau van Daal, geb. Iddekinge aus Garderen-Amersfoort-Boskoop mitgegeben.
Dit zijn slechts elf pagina's uit het verslag wat Otto Haubrok tijdens zijn verblijf in de gevangenis te Rotterdam geschreven heeft. Het hele verslag bestaat uit ongeveer tweehonderd pagina's, maar deze bladzijden geven toch een redelijk beeld hoe Otto Haubrok zichzelf zag direct na de oorlog. Hoe hij zich gedragen heeft tijdens bijvoorbeeld het Englandspiel wordt hier duidelijk. Hij is natuurlijk niet voor niets tot zeven jaar gevangenisstraf veroordeeld.
Hierboven is een transcriptie van zijn verslag over de zaak Van Duin-Moerman weergegeven. Arie (Nol) van Duin werd uitgepeild door de Wehrmacht en tijdens de overval op zijn zendadres bij de familie Elsinga werden hij, zijn koerierster Didi (Dini) Gaazenbeek en de zoon des huises Folkert Elsinga gearresteerd. Beide ouders werden niet vastgenomen. Van Duyn was samen met Bert de Goede en Luke Mulholland door BBO bij Ede gedropt. Haubrok wist wel de schuilnaam van Mulholland "KOOS" maar vermoedde dat hij Mulholland heette. Hij wist niet dat Mulholland tijdens een razzia voor de Arbeitseinsatz opgepakt was en in Duitsland zat.
Hoe wist Haubrok van het bestaan van Bert de Goede? Ook is hij blijkbaar te weten gekomen dat De Goede en Mulholland eerst bij de ouders van Bert onderdoken, terwijl Van Duyn bij Didi Gaazenbeek werd ondergebracht. Deze informatie heeft zeker niet op het briefje gestaan dat op Didi of op Arie gevonden werd en wat zij trachtten te vernietigen
Op dit briefje stonden wel enige kontaktadressen en een aantal zenderlokaties. Haubrok wilde de zenders in handen krijgen, maar was niet geinteresseerd in de personen die op deze adressen woonden. Samen met Didi heeft hij de zenders opgehaald. De zender die het huis van Adrie Moerman werd ook gevonden en Haubrok's collega Wilfert die al sinds enige tijd op zoek was naar Moerman bleef in het huis achter met enige soldaten. Twee uur later dook Adrie inderdaad op in gezelschap van zijn koerierster Marijke Elsinga, een zus van Folkert Elsinga. Folkert was lid van de Persoonsbewijs Centrale en vervalse niet alleen PB's maar ook andere Nederlandse en Duitse documenten.
Haubrok was echter van mening dat de zwaar bewapende RVV een groot gevaar vormde voor de Duitse troepen en hun sympatisanten. Hij was bang dat deze onregelde troepen een bloedbad en totale chaos aan zouden kunnen richten.
Hij wilde persé met Bert de Goede in kontakt komen om via hem het gevaar in te kunnen dammen. Ook Arie en Didi waren van mening dat het scenario wat Haubrok schetste wel eens uit zou kunnen komen. Arie schreef Bert een brief over het hoe en wat en Didi bezorgde deze in het bijzijn van Haubrok bij de filiaal van de Bakkerij Van der Sterre in Rotterdam.
's Middags kwam er antwoord, dat weer door Didi en Haubrok opgehaald werd. Er zou een ontmoeting plaats vinden in de woning waar "Koos" ondergedoken had gezeten. Haubrok en zijn collega Bauer wachten echter tervergeefs, Bert kwam niet opdagen. Daarop bood Didi aan naar te Rotterdam te willen reizen om daar te proberen Bert zonder tussenpersoon te spreken te krijgen. Haubrok ging akkoord, maar zij moest zich binnen veertien dagen weer melden of telefonisch kontakt opnemen. Didi werd echter door de LKP opgepakt en ondervraagd. Bert besloot niet op het aanbod
in te gaan en Didi werd op een schuiladres ondergebracht waar zij tot het einde van de oorlog is gebleven.
De LKP geexecuteerd was. Dit vond Haubrok onzin want Didi had niemand verraden en er waren geen slachtoffers gevallen, met uitzonderling van Folkert Elsinga, Adrie Moerman en Marijke Elsinga natuurlijk.
Van Duyn werd later net als Jos van Alebeek door Haubrock later vrijgelaten om zogenaamd als dubbelspionnen aan het werk te gaan. Beiden doken natuurlijk meteen onder.
Na de aanslag op Rauter werd er een lijst samengestelt van gevangenen die gexecuteerd zouden worden als vergelding op deze aanslag. Ok deze lijst kwamen ook Folkert Elsinga en Adrie Moerman voor. Folkert werd op het allerlaatste moment toegevoegd aan de groep gevangenen die van Scheveningen naar Amersfoort werden overgebracht, dit waren de zogenaamde lichte gevallen. Helaas is Folkert in Amersfoort alsnog uit deze groep gehaald en vermoord. Adrie Moerman werd op voorspraak van Haubrok en Wilfert door Schreieder van de lijst gehaald, zogenaamd omdat hij nog verhoord moest worden. Haubrok heeft dat echter nooit gedaan en Moerman werd op de dag van de bevrijding uit de gevangenis in Scheveningen vrijgelaten.
Aan: N.V. Rotterdam. 30 December 1944.
Van: H.K./L.S.C./K.P. Wim1.
In Antwoord op Uw schrijven d.d. 29012-1944 C.375, 12.05 uur gericht aan Koos en Bert, berichten wij U het volgende (hetwelk is ontleend aan een onderhoud dat wij met Bert hadden). Nol had verschillende dagen achtereen berichten verzonden vanaf een adres te Rotterdam, Mathenesserweg 118. Hij was gewaarschuwd en wist dat dit adres niet volkomen betrouwbaar was in verband met al meerdere malen voorgekomen SD bezoek. Het pand stond al sinds lang onder verdenking. Het werd aanvankelijk bewoond en zwaar gebruikt George L.O. In de nabijheid van dit pand bevond zich een schoolgebouw bezet door Duitschers. Deze hebben een radiotoestel tot hun beschikking gehad en het is hen opgevallen dat op regelmatige tijden hun ontvangst werd gestoord door het klikkende geluid van een seinsleutel. Ongeacht op welke golflengte, de Duitschers ook afstemden, steeds weer hoorden zij het zoo bekende geluid. Dit is gerapporteerd met het gevolg dat men op zekeren dag het blok huizen afzetten waarin zij de zender vermoeden en met succes. Nol werd gearresteerd evenals een zoon van George L.O. en een dochter. Zijn koerierster Tiny werd aanvankelijk gearresteerd is later weer vrij gekomen, maar wij vermoeden zeer sterk dat zij door de SD gebruikt wordt als provocatrice. Zij trachtte contact op te nemen door afspraken te maken enz. waar dan prompt op die dag de SD verscheen. Dit is nog een erg duistere zaak waar hard aan gewerkt wordt. Naar aanleiding van Nol's arrestatie zijn verschillende andere arrestaties gevolgd het een en ander is in onderzoek. Bert (dit is Leo) ontving op een goede dag via zijn correspondentieadres (dit was vlak na Nol's arrestatie, want toen zulks bekend werd werden alle correspondentie-adressen onmiddellijk verlegd), een briefje, met potlood geschreven, waarin hij pertinent Nol's handschrift herkende en waarin Nol hem verzocht naar een zeker adres te komen. Bert is hier niet op ingegaan. Op de door Nol aangeduide tijd en plaats verscheen de S.D. ????
p/o Wim 1
Arie van Duyn is dus net als Gerrit Reisiger het slachtoffer geworden van key-clicks van zijn set. Wie was Wim-1?
transcription from HS6/742.
REPORT BY VAN DUYN @ GRIBBAGE.
06-07-1944 - 22-05-1945
Dropped 6th July 1944, blind. Area of Epe with KOOS and BERT. Proceeded to EDE to the parents of BERT. Went underground with the GAAZENBEEK family for approximately fourteen days. KOOS went through to Amsterdam to find his contact, he arrived in Rotterdam and contacted the KP. BERT stayed underground with his parents.
We were then arrested for theft (put up scene) by Inspector KLOOTS and detective officer HARTMAN, taken to Rotterdam and given a safehouse in the Graaf Florisstraat number 83. Widow VAN DE WETERING. KOOTS and HARTMAN in the meantime took care of the sets, etc. I tried to make my first contact by WT at number 83 as there was no other houses available. From the start WT addresses were nightmares. At number 83 I had no success, at number 16 was the same. I made my first contact in the Roman-Catholic school, bu had to disappear after fourteen days as the verger was transferred. His name was GERARD. After this I arrived in the Rochussenstraat 381A with MRS SMILDE. Lacking a second address I started in the house where I lived as well. After having worked a month at number 381A I had to leave as MRS. SMILDE did not dare take the responsibility any more. As I had no other addresses I continued at number 83. After a time I thought this became too dangerous as BERT was building up his safehouse at the same address. After a lot of trouble I was given a WT address and safehouse at the same time at Lisplein 30, with the STIENSTRA family. KOOS also came to my aid and organised a WT address for me at Statenweg 124D with the Steffens. But after having worked fourteen days at number 124D the inmates became afraid and I left.
I then continued to send from number 30, this suited me very well as I had good contacts there. I was also at this address during the big 'razzias'. I slipped through these by putting my hands in plaster of p..ris for a few days, this was done by Dr. A. DEEN. I also had to leave with the STIENSTRA family, as this was an old address of PAUL (Esmeijer).
PAUL was arrested during these days and so I thought it advisable to disappear. I then went to the BAK (Bakker) family (Farm outside Rotterdam). Also there I had to leave soon as I was warned that there were DF cars in the neighbourhood. I then went to Mathenesserweg 118B. This address was not ideal as it was also used by two other boys employed in the falsifying of P.B's (Identity Cards), but I could not do otherwise as there was nothing else!
It was at this address that I was arrested after having worked for about fourteen days. The block of the building in which I found myself surrounded by about 150 to 200 soldiers. They had even dispersed themselves on the roof and balconies. Escape was hopeless, so after having sent QU6 we hid the set and codes as well as possible together with two arms, as it was impossible to start anything against such superior force with a pistol and two hand grenades.
In the house at the time was one of the couriers DIDI and myself. Only after a quarter of an hour the Germans entered the house. After having made a thorough search and having broken up quite a good deal did they find my sets and a confession was forced out of us in a sadistic manner. It took them, however, until seven or eight in the evening before they found out I came from England. That I went through between twelve and eight, however, I would rather not describe.
After this we were taken to the SD building at The Hague, where I thought I would again suffer, but this was not too bad. I was given soup, bread and wine also cigarettes. I was interrogated here until four o'clock in the morning after which we were taken to Scheveningen, to the well know 'ORANJE HOTEL' I tried to escape but they were too watchful. What further happened in the prison I would rather tell personally, one thing I would like to mention the Dutch guards should be torn to bits. I also nursed TOBO (BBO agent Tobias Biallosterski, mission Draughts), who in my opinion would have recovered if he had been taken to hospital. In the prison I had to lie and practise deceit until I was sick of it.
I also starved there, so much so that we ate potato peels if we could get them. This became better after about two and a half month when I received the parcels sent to me by the MOERMAN family, about three times a week this came as an angel from heaven.
On the 21st April I was released, it was impossible to tell you for what reason, this should be asked to Herr HAUBRK the man who looked after my business. Although I have cheated him left and right and he knew this, he always treated me correctly.
After being released I went to Noordwijk aan Zee to my house. I was forbidden to go to Rotterdam and had to promise not to contact or be involved in any organisation. Even so I tried to break through via Leiden to the other side of the front, in which, however, I did not succeed. After the liberation I proceeded to Rotterdam where I met WITTE PIET (Piet de Beer) who took me to Apeldoorn, from there I was sent to Utrecht and from there with a lot of trouble to Brussels where nothing seemed to be organised. from Brussels to London, very hearty reception never to be forgotten.
When I left England I was promised that we should have the best operators possible, however, this did not seem to be the case, procedures very bad, also morse. Also from time to time one had to wait about five minutes, etc. Luckily I also had a good operator occasionally, when they were good, they were very good.
After working for about a month in Holland I was asked by FRANS (van Bijnen) KP leader, to organise an internal net, nothing ever came of it, except Eindhoven. Town traffic was very well organised, working on this were COR-WEST and ADRIE MOERMAN. MOERMAN made himself very useful by repairing sets, he was also the leader of the town traffic, which worked extremely well. During this time I also instructed certain people in firing Sten Guns, etc. I had been asked to do this by GEORGE (Tjerk Elsinga) of the LO. DIDI GAAZENBEEK deserves an extra word of praise. She worked very hard, carrying my sets and also always taking my messages to BERT through all kinds of weather. Nothing was ever too much for her. What happened after our arrest should be well investigated, according to me she does not deserve the bad reputation she has been given, on the contrary.
Further I hope that this report will give you an idea of my work, if there are any points which need clearing up, I should like to give them by word of mouth. I should also like to hear something about my work, whether it has been good or not, I should like to have the right answer to this.
was signed THEODORE
De illegale verbindingsafdeling van Rotterdam. Wie zijn dit? Eigenaar: Eelke Dekens.
4th June, 1945.
INTERROGATION OF ARIE VAN DUYN.
Source was arrested on 19th December, 1944 Prior to this he had moved to Mathenesserweg 118 towards the end of November 1944, where he lived in the same building as FOLKERT (Elsinga) whom he had met in the end of August or beginning of September when FOLKERT was living in the Rauwenhofplein.
On December 18th source had decided to make a very strong complaint about the way in which he was being treated; he had been constantly asking the KP to provide him with weapons and with more safehouses, since he was faced with the very uncomfortable predicament for a WT operator of having to live and work at the same address. On this day he saw RUMMY (Bert de Goede) and told him that if the KP still refused to do anything to help him he would pack up the work altogether and clear out.
The next day, 19th December source had just finished transmitting on his morning schedule, about 12.00 hours, when his courier TIENE (Didi Gaazenbeek), who was keeping watch from the window, saw that the building was being surrounded by soldiers. Source immediate reaction was to think that they had come for him, so he hid the WT set in a cupboard, but unfortunately the door of the cupboard did not shut very well. Source and TIENE and FOLKERT who happened to be with them, having come to bring some apples, then busied themselves with some innocent pursuits; time went by as no one came to the door of the flat began to feel somewhat reassured, but, about half an hour after the first alarm there came a ring at the bell, source opened the door and found some soldiers who immediately came into the flat. The officer in charge of the party apologised for their intrusion and explained that they were looking for a German deserter; the soldiers thereupon started to search the flat and immediately saw the cupboard which was not properly shut, on opening it and looking inside they of course found the WT set.
Having found the WT set all thought of the deserter was forgotten and source and his companion were immediately questioned by the Wehrmacht officer, source denying that he had anything at all to do with the set and stating he was an electrical engineer by trade. During this questioning the soldiers searched the whole place pulling up the floorboards and breaking open everything that they could see; the in the course of this search they found all the rest of source's equipment and a great number of forged documents, since a part of the building was used for this purpose by FOLKERT and his father.
The Wehrmacht officer then began to question source very intensively; he was handcuffed and then hang on a pole between two tables and severely beaten-up, at the same time TIENE and FOLKERT were being interrogated in different rooms. Source still kept to his story of being a electrical engineer and knowing nothing of what happened in the building, but in spite of this his interrogator showed him an identity card which they found and asked him if he recognised the photograph, it was a new card which had been prepared for RUMMY, whose name, DE GOEDE the Germans knew. Source's denials were not believed by the Germans and he was again severely beaten up.
Source now admitted his real name and also told the Germans that he was an agent who had come from the UK. When he said this the Wehrmacht officer broke off the interrogation and shortly afterwards Sturmscharführer HAUBROK arrived from the SD; this officer immediately stopped any form of harsh treatment and told source he was sorry for the way in which he had been handled since it was something which he personally would never allow. He then began to interrogate source in a very friendly way.
First of all HAUBROK took the pencil from source's pocket and said, that he did not have to say that he came from the UK as the pencil would be quite enough to show it and if it was not, there were always his clothes to give the the final check, since the clothes of te British agents were the only ones that never bore any name tabs. HAUBROK then started to question source and asked whether he had seen Col. DE BRUYNE and Major LIEFTINCK lately, whether the headquarters of the organisation were still in Baker street (Which was actually something which source himself did not know) and whether Major BINGHAM was keeping well. Source answered in the affirmative to all these questions although he had never actually seen Major BINGHAM, but HAUBROK did not seem to know Major DOBSON and so he thought that it was the best thing to do.
HAUBROK then went on to question source about the names of other agents in the field and asked him to identify the names which were written on a piece of paper which had been found during the search of the flat; these names were actually those of the different organisers who sent messages by source's WT, but only their Christian names were written down, without either surnames or addresses. HAUBROK did not seem to know these names and source told him that he could not give any more information on the list since it contained all that even been told to him, HAUBROK told him that he did not worry about a WT operator, it was the organisers he was interested in; he asked how long source had been in the field and was told "about three weeks" which was approximately the time that source had been living at the address at which he was captured, he told his interrogator that during this time he had sent "hundreds of messages". While HAUBROK was interrogating source the other SD officers, FRANK and BAUER were interrogating TIENE and FOLKERT and it appears that TIENE had told BAUER how long source had been in Holland because he came in and told HAUBROK, the latter was, however, not very upset and told source that he was quite used to being told lies. "You agents always do that on the first day, but I will get the truth out of you sooner or later".
Was BAUER, Hermann Bauer (29), shot by the resistance in The Hague in 1945?
Was FRANK, Friedrich Frank?
After this preliminary interrogation source and his two companions were put into a car and driven to the flat which was the SD mess in The Hague, arriving there about midnight on the 19th December. On arrival here the three interrogating officers, HAUBROK, FRANK and BAUER each took their own prisoner into different rooms, source going with HAUBROK. Soup, bread and butter, wine and cigarettes were provided and while source was eating his meal HAUBROK indulged in general conversation with him. This conversation was aimed at finding out details of source himself and also at instilling a good deal of propaganda. HAUBROK said how barbarous the British were with the way in which they were bombing the towns of Germany out of existence, but that the American airman were worse because they never hit the target but only bombed civilian dwelling houses; he enlarged a good deal on this theme by saying that when American airmen bailed out over the continent, they were often killed by the infuriated population, and anyway it was much lose because they were such uncivilised people and so prone to commit rape and other crimes. From these topics the conversation turned to the Russians who HAUBROK described as barbarians with which opinion source agreed. HAUBROK was at pains to explain that "You people who come from England do not know what is going on, if you did you would not be fighting against Germany but for Germany".
He then went on to say that it was in any event a waste of time to fight against Germany because all the agents who were sent to Holland were very quickly captured, in fact most of them jumped to a German Reception Committee and were arrested on landing. Some fifty or so had been caught in this way and they were now all in Haaren where most of them had come around to his way of thinking and were now helping the Germans. HAUBROK said that he was surprised to hear that source had been working for so long as six months as he did not think that any agent could evade capture for more than three months at the most. To other questions source denied having any knowledge at all of dropping grounds, since, he said, that it was not his business to look after such things and he put his estimated total of arms in the Rotterdam area at 30 Sten Guns. HAUBROK continued to ask more questions, all the time being extremely friendly and pleasant and showed some interest in the time for which source had been away from Holland before returning there as an agent. He then started to ask about other agents.
When HAUBROK started to ask about the agents with whom source had been trained source realised that he would have to give some names and so he started off with a few Christian names, KEES, DIRK, KARELS, etc saying that he never knew any surnames, however, HAUBROK knew better than to believe that tale, so source hit upon the name of some agents whom he knew had been shot down and never reached the field and he gave the full names and descriptions of KEES, DUIKER and BOREL, he also described three other agents whose names he gave in the knowledge that they had left the organisation, POSTMA, STEENSTRA and one man, whose name he could not remember then and cannot remember now, but whom he described as "NOSE" (Reisiger); HAUBROK asked whether source knew what the missions of these people were going to be. Throughout the interrogation he took all his own notes.
NOTE: From HAUBROK's notebook which is in our possession we know that these names and descriptions were given by source and were given so accurately that the Germans were able to identify the corpses of DUIKER, KEES and BOREL and also to identify "NOSE", STEENSTRA and POSTMA; they recognised also the body of NIJHOF from source's description of him.
On 06-07-1944 the Hudson FK790 of 161 Special Squadron was shot down over the IJsselmeer near Makkum and all on board were killed, including four agents:
JAN BOREL is Jan Bockma, WT operator to Verhoef, mission FIVES-I, codename HALMA.
L. VORSTMAN is Pleun Verhoef, organiser RVV, mission FIVES-I, codename RAQUETS.
J.A. WEES is Johan Walter, WT operator to Kwint, Mission FIVES-I, codename BOWLS.
PIETER NIJHOF is Pieter Kwint, organiser RVV, mission FIVES-I, codename FIVES.
On 01-06-1994 the Hudson V9155 of 161 Special Duties Squadron was shot down over airfield Gilze-Rijen, killing all on board, including two agents:
KOOPS is Jan Kuenen, WT operator to Dekkers, codename FOOTBALL.
DUIKER, or Kees van Duin, organiser of railway sabotage, codename POKER.
At times throughout this interrogation FRANK and BAUER were present but they did not ask any questions. HAUBROK also asked source about many people he did not know; he has forgotten the names of these now, but does remember two who were called "TIGER" and "BLONDE BOB", the former being South African.
NOTE: HAUBROK's note-book shows that "TIGER" was TONY VISSER a farmer from South Africa who was born on 20-05-1907 at Elandsfontein.
Tony Visser, MI-6 WT operator to the Albrecht Group, dropped 07-05-1944 on dropping ground AIR near Gorinchem. Codename MENEORATES or Vliegende Bierbuik. Captured 21-12-1944, traffic plan ST. VINCENT.
Could "BLONDE BOB" be Bob Celosse? organiser for CS-6 and RVV, dropped blind on dropping ground H-63 near Slootpolder, Wieringermeerpolder on 01-04-1944. Was arrested on 19-05-1944 and shot in Vught on 05-09-1944. Mission FARO, codename BOESSCHOTEN.
Source said that HAUBROK had a good many papers, but rarely had to refer to them - he seems to know everything.
During the interrogation, which never varied from its friendly level, HAUBROK told many tales of how agents had been caught. On one occasion he said that he had been having a drink in a hotel, wearing civilian clothes and he soon got into conversation on with a man and they started having drinks together; in a little while the man offered HAUBROK a cigarette which he immediately recognised as one of the 'black' cigarettes which are sent from the UK in the blue packets. The man by this time was getting fairly drunk and had no place to sleep for the night so HAUBROK offered to put him up, driving him round to the SD flat in his car and giving him a bed for the night. The next morning HAUBROK put on his uniform and arrested his guest at breakfast. Who was this agent? Was this really a true story?
He said further that many people had been arrested because of the stupid habit of the British Authorities in sending their agents out with standard fountain pens, knives, scissors and watches which were always immediately recognised by the SD; source realised that he had one of each of these articles and again felt foolish and genuinely agreed with HAUBROK when he said that he did not consider that it was fait on the agents. Gradually HAUBRIK was talking more and more sense and fitting source into the general picture of resistance activities. he then proceeded to administer another severe shock to source by again stressing the number of agents who had been arrested, giving proof for his words. Source admits to thinking that it was not right that he should not have been told all this before he left the UK and thinking also that "he was a damn fool to have worked so hard for the KP when they had done so little for him in the provision of safehouses, etc".
Throughout the conversation HAUBROK was trying to turn course against the KP and said that LANGE JAN (Jan Thijssen, Chief RVV) had been given away to the SD by the OD and the KP. When LANGE JAN had come to Rotterdam from Amsterdam, the SD had received a telephone call from the OD and KP saying that he was on his way and giving the number of the car in which he was travelling.
HAUBROK did not seem to know who RUMMY was or what he did; he asked source whether there were any other WT operators and source said there were not, but HAUBROK did not believe him and told him that it must be a lie, because they had discovered more sets in other places, though he did not say where.
This interrogation lasted until 04:00 hours, for the whole of which time HAUBROK was extremely friendly. Source describes HAUBROK as 1,60 metre, fat, with fat cheeks and a round face, dark blond hair, cut short, blue grey eyes, aged 35 but looks 40. Speaks a little Dutch but understands the language well; the interrogation was carried out in a mixture of Dutch and German. Source repeatedly stated what a very nice man HAUBROK was and later in this report it will be seen that he appears to have ample cause to think so.
When the interrogation was over source, TIENE and FOLKERT were all put in a car with BAUER and one guard and the driver and taken to the Oranje Hotel at Scheveningen where source was put in cel 606 and allowed to go to sleep. No one bothered him the next day until HAUBROK came at about 18.00 hours.
At this next interview HAUBROK did not ask very many questions, confining his attention to questions about RUMMY and KOOS and advising source to tell the truth "or you know what may happen"; however, he seemed very satisfied with the answers that he got and said "I have seen so many agents that I don't blame you for not telling the truth. I will get it out of you in time because I have so much information That I can tell what is right and what is wrong".
After this interrogation source met TIENE and FOLKERT in the passage and found that they too had been well treated, they were allowed to speak together only if the spoke loud enough for BAUER, who was present to hear what they said. Source remembers asking TIENE how she was and whispered to her whether she had mentioned EDU (Barmé) and COR (Bijsterveld) and receiving a whispered reply that she had not. He does not remember however, telling TIENE what to say, but states rather curiously that "somehow he knew that TIENE knew what he had told the truth about himself", which he had in fact done after being assured by HAUBROK that his family would not suffer from his arrest (his family were never troubled by the SD). Source further adds that HAUBROK would check his own and TIENE's statements against each other and they always seemed to fit in very well, though why he cannot say since neither of them ever mentioned any names.
Source's next interrogation came in the afternoon of the same day when he was handed over to the Grüne Polizei for his signals interrogation. When source went in for this interrogation all his sets, plans, etc. were on the table in the room together with the traffic of the last few days; the messages were not in his code but one of them was signed by LODEWIJK (Luijckenaar). At first the interrogation officer did not believe that source could not decode the messages but as he began to see how things worked re realised that source was telling the truth, "Well we can't do anything about it, can we; however, we will send them off to the experts and see if they can do anything with them". The officer then said that he thought that the British were playing a rotten trick on the Dutch agents because they always picked upon amateur operators to send to the field, "they never get a skilled man because a skilled man would know the risks and would not take the job".
The signals officer then asked source to work for the Germans. At first it was suggested that he should go back to his job and just carry on with it, working for the Germans at the same time; source explained that this was impossible because he only sent messages for RUMMY and KOOS and had no other job. When this point was appreciated the Germans went on to the sentimental propaganda line giving source plenty of cigarettes "because they wanted him to feel at home" and suggesting that he should operate for the Germans, thereby saving his life. They asked many questions about the internal WT network, which source told them did not work and the interrogation was kept up until 04:00 hours.
On the next day, 22nd December, source was again interrogated by HAUBROK who told him that on the previous day he had been out with TIENE in a car to collect source's other WT sets. TIENE having consented to go when he had promised that none of the people living in the house where these sets were, would be harmed (This promise was kept). Some of the sets were hidden at a farm belonging to BAK (Bakker) and the old farmer would not show them where they were hidden, but some of the labourers found the sets in a haystack and afterwards set light to the farm when to owner had gone away.
HAUBROK then asked source if he knew ADRIE (Moerman) and would not accept No for an answer, since he said that source must know him since he made (repaired) sets for him. Being given this lead source stuck to it and remembered ADRIE hoping HAUBROK would not realise that ADRIE was an operator; source did not then know that ADRIE had been arrested.
ADRIE later told source that the Germans did discover that he was an operator on the Internal Network, but he did not know how they found out unless it was because MARIJKE (Elsinga) talked too much, MARIJKE being his fiancee who was arrested with him. Source was shown ADRIE's sets and the poems, which source had written himself; source was not questioned on this code methode but was asked about some of ADRIE's crystals which were missing (these MARIJKE had been successful in stuffing behind cushions of a chair when they had been arrested).
Another agent (Tony Visser) of the B.I. had also been arrested about this time and source was shown all his sets which were of a type quite unknown to him (para sets).
Very soon more arrests took place. On December 27th a man was caught in Utrecht (Gerrit Reisiger) and this man had a big nose so the Germans immediately thought that it was the "NOSE" described by source, but source got over the difficulty by saying that he had only seen him once or twice before because this man had come to the field much later.
Next to be arrested was EDU (Barmé) about whom source says that he had said nothing, however EDU said that he was the assistant to NOL (source) and this was the only time that source saw HAUBROK in a rage, he came into source's cell in the middle of the night and took him to the interrogation room where EDU was. Source pretended not to recognise EDU, but EDU came up to him and greeted him (EDU was arrested on February 9th 1945). A few days later source says that HAUBROK apologised for his bad temper on this occasion and said that he had been thinking it over and it was really very sporting of source not to have told about EDU. COR was also arrested and HAUBROK then told source that he had thought that he had caught about 50 percent of the agents, but now he was quite prepared to think he had not caught 5 percent.
One day HAUBROK told source that he had let TIENE out of prison in order that she could get into touch with RUMMY and persuaded him to hand over his weapon stores to the SD. HAUBROK asked source to meet him, HAUBROK, because he wanted to speak to him, alone and unarmed, because he genuinely thought that if he did so he would be able to persuade RUMMY to give up working against the Germans. Source said that it might be some use and it might might not and HAUBROK said that in any event there was no harm in trying if it would work. TIENE was given her absolute freedom and could contact HAUBROK by telephone. It was only afterwards that source learned that she had been told that he and the others would all be shot if she did not do her job. In point of fact this threat was never carried out in spite of TIENE's arrest by the KP and her failure to discharge her mission in circumstances in which the SD could not know that she had even tried.
To these many curious conversations which source had with HAUBROK must be added another; it appears that source was often asked what he thought of the SD, to which question he had no hesitation in saying that they always treated him very properly and well. whereupon HAUBROK said that they were going to try and send back to the UK in exchange for a German prisoner in British hands and "then he could tell the English how good the SD were". This fantastic scheme never came to anything because, so source says, they received word that an exchange could not be effected for a Dutchman but only for an Englishman. Source was also told one day, rather as a joke, that there was someone who would give the SD weapons in return for prisoners that they wanted released.
Source who continued to be housed in the Oranje Hotel at Scheveningen received a good deal of preferential treatment. For the first ten days he was alone in cell 606, but after that he was put into a cell with two BI agents, VAN ALEBEEK and JAAP (This could be Martin Wiedemann, MI-6 agent liaison officer for the Luctor et Emergo group. Was dropped on 20-09-1943, near Middenmeer, arrested on 18-07-1944 liberated in Remscheid-Lütteringhausen on 15-04-1945. Mission Lancing, codename Uppingham). Two days after KAREL (Reisiger) was captured source was put to share a cell with him and when TOPS (Tobias Biallosterski) was brought into the prison, being badly wounded, source asked if he might share a cell with him so that he would be there to help him; this request was immediately granted, and WIM (Hoogewerff) was put in with KAREL, who was a nervy type and could not bear to be alone. Source who is always putting in a good word for HAUBROK says that he was doing his best to get TOPS to hospital, but was not successful in this, he did arrange for special fruit to be sent in for him. Source soon found that he had to be up day and night with TOPS so he asked if he might have some help and immediately another BI agent TONY VISSER was added to the party. TOPS came in one 15-02-1945 and died on 25-02-1945 after his death source and VISSER were moved to cell 607 where VAN ALEBEEK joined them later, at source's request when JAAP was sent to Germany.
About the second week in March 1945, VISSER and VAN ALEBEEK began to do some work in and about the prison, and very soon they were going out and about on their duties, they were always accompanied by a guard, but often went quite far afield, into Scheveningen and with vegetables, etc to the SD building in The Hague.
Finally on 21st April HAUBROK came to source's cell and told him that he was free. Actually source and VAN ALEBEEK were released on that day and TONY VISSER on the following day. HAUBROK told source not to go to Rotterdam or he would be shot by the KP and if they did not shoot him the Germans would. and that he must take good care to stay out of trouble in the future. It was then late in the evening, too late to be out and about so HAUBROK said that source and VAN ALEBEEK might stay the night as guests at the SD flat in The Hague, which they did, being given breakfast the next morning and being allowed to make some pancakes before they left. On leaving source was given an "Entlassenenschein" from the prison which stated that his other papers had been lost, he was also given back Fl.28,- of the Fl.2000,0 odd which he had when he was arrested. Finally HAUBROK told him of a good address to which he could go where he would be well looked after if he was in need of somewhere.
On leaving the SD headquarters source went to his half sister in Voorburg and then went to the address which had been given to him by HAUBROK and it was in Warmond; it turned out to be the house of a family called MENTEN who were very well off and were very kind to source and would accept no payment for their services. This family were very surprised when they heard that source had come from the UK and source says that he understood from them that Mr, MENTEN was in some way "in the case of the first British agent (Lodo van Hamel) who ever went to Holland, some time in 1941.
Source described his relations with HAUBROK and said that he had been very well treated, on New Year's Day HAUBROK sent them to the prison a small bottle of Gin as a present and he arranged for them to get Red Cross parcels of food. This treatment apparently had an effect upon the Dutch guards who behaved very badly at first but soon came to be very afraid of source and his official friends, so that at the end they could not do enough to please him. Asked to account for this source said that he thought that perhaps HAUBROK wanted him to give a good account to the Allies and that was why he took so much trouble. Certainly when COR and EDU were shot he came and apologised and said he had nothing to do with it and had been powerless to stop it (Barmé and Hoogewerff were shot, Bijsterveld not). Source thinks that the name HAUBROK may have been an alias, he says that he tried to get into touch with him again after the liberation of Holland, but when he went to The Hague he heard that the SD had been moved to Scheveningen and he never heard what came of HAUBROK.
When source went to Rotterdam after being set free from prison everybody treated him very coldly and ZWARTE WIM would hardly speak to him though he did tell him how he could get into touch with TIENE and no objections were raised subsequently when after the liberation of Holland source and WITTE PIET took her away and back to her mother. The coolness of his reception may have something to do with the story which source had heard, that he was seen on the streets of Rotterdam with the Germans denouncing people. Source does not know how this story could have started or by whom it was started, it is not unlikely that it was in some way connected with HAUBROK's remark about being shot by the KP in Rotterdam, but on the other hand that remark may have been made as a result of the capture of the KP archive by the Germans: in those archives was a note to the effect that TIENE had been shot by the KP.
Just before he left the prison source was shown a book containing photographs of about 30/40 agents who had been taken in the Rotterdam area, and he was also shown a correct photograph of "Your friend LODEWIJK".
Source is emphatic in declaring that he convinced that TIENE dit NOT turn traitor. He says that everyone has to tell the Germans a certain amount, and she could have only told a limited amount of things, knowing what source himself had said; had she been a traitor or broken completely there was hardly any limit to the amount of harm which she could have done because she knew so many people in underground work.
Parlementaire enquête interview met Arie van Duyn
Bunty Macklin-Van Duyn's story.