Safehouse Noorder Amstellaan 37-I
In het boek 'Londen roept Amsterdam' van Eddy de Roever staat op bladzijde  111 het volgende geschreven over dit safehouse: "Begin november (1944) konden HANS (Tobias Biallosterski) en zijn medewerkers een behoorlijke ruimte aan de Noorder Amstellaan 37 betrekken. De woning was eigendom van mevrouw W. Schotte, die buiten de stad woonde".
De Roever vermeldt niet om welke van de vier woningen het hier ging, de begane grond is 37A, en verder zijn er nog 37I, 37II en 37III. De woning die Tobias betrok was 37I, op de eerste etage.

Ik wilde wel iets meer weten over deze woningen en met veel hulp van An Huitzing is dit gelukt.

De genoemde mevrouw W. Schotte, was de weduwe van Willem Schotte, geboren op 7 februari 1865 te Amsterdam. Haar meisjesnaam was Maria Abrahams, geboren op 16 december 1862 te Amsterdam.
Het tweetal huwden op 29 juli 1885 te Amsterdam en kregen 8 kinderen:

Jannetje, geboren op 13 oktober 1885 te Amsterdam.
Jacob Meindert, geboren 2 december 1888 te Amsterdam.
Aaltje, geboren 20 januari 1891 te Amsterdam.
Maria, geboren op 4 maart 1893 te Amsterdam, vertrekt op 8 mei 1918 naar New York.
Willem, geboren op 31 januari 1895 te Amsterdam, vertrekt op 18 april 1918 naar Kaapstad.
Jurriaan Wilhelm, geboren op 10 mei 1896 te Amsterdam, vertrekt op 25 november 1917 naar New York,
Everhardus, geboren op 24 maart 1898 te Amsterdam, vertrekt op 4 september 1917 naar Delft.
Dirk, geboren op 30 augustus 1899 te Amsterdam, overleden op 14 februari 1900.

Op 2 februari 1925 overlijdt Willem Schotte op bijna 60 jarige leeftijd te Amsterdam.

Zijn weduwe Maria Schotte-Abrahams betrekt op 21 oktober 1932 de woning op de eerste verdieping aan de Noorder Amstellaan 37, zij was toen bijna 70 jaar oud en was afkomstig van de Haarlemmermeer straat 167.
Bijna twee maanden later trekt haar zoon Everhardus bij haar in, op 15 december 1932, hij is dan 34 jaar en afkomstig uit Roxana. (
Mogelijk gaat het hier om het plaatsje Roxana in de Amerikaanse staat Illinois, en valt bestuurlijk gezien onder Madison County.)
Op 1 juni 1933 vertrekt hij weer en gaat naar Rouen. Op 25 augustus 1936 keert hij terug naar de woning van zijn moeder, dit maal is hij afkomstig van Tjepoe op Java. Het volgende jaar 1937, vertrekt hij op 2 januari naar Den Haag.

Vervolgens betrekt op 24 maart 1943 een zekere Maria Catharina Ariaens de woning. Op de kaart van de bewoners van de woning staat handgeschreven achter de datum dat zij de woning betrok 'abusief. Illegaal, vervalt'.
Maria Ariaens werd geboren op 1 september 1924 te Den Haag. Dochter van Catharina Hendrina Ariaens, geboren op 19 september 1900 te Weert, dienstbode. Op het moment dat Maria Ariaens de woning betrekt is zij slechts 19 jaar oud.

Over Maria Ariaens kan ik verder niets vinden, zat zij ook in het verzet, of studeerde zij in Amsterdam?


Op 15 maart 1945 verlaat de weduwe Schotte deze woning en verhuist naar de Dintelstraat 201I. Zij overlijdt op 6 april 1957 te Amsterdam, ruim 94 jaar oud.


Op welke wijze Tobias en zijn staf contact hebben weten te leggen met de weduwe Schotte is nog steeds onduidelijk. Na de oorlog schrijft Gerda Meijer hier over in haar rapport: "Our next try succeeded better, so that we had a flat at the beginning of November, where the four of us lived and where Laloe came only during the day. The address was 37 Noorder Amstellaan. We went to live there under the cover of people who had been evacuated from Arnhem and we had no trouble with the neighbours, etc".


                                                                        
Op 12 januari 1944 gaat Jakob Bekkema (geboren 1912) wonen in de woning Noorder Amstellaan 37I, hij zou afkomstig zijn uit een woning aan de Van der Pekstraat nummer 48HS. Uit de gegevens van de Van der Pekstraat 48HS komt Jakob Bekkema echter niet voor!
Wie is deze Franz A.J. Ledermann, geboren in 1889? Hij betrekt op 14 december 1933 de woning op de derde verdieping en is afkomstig van Zandvoort. Op 1 november 1943 wordt vermeld dat hij is afgevoerd naar Kamp Westerbork. Zie Nederlandse pagina over de familie Ledermann.



FRANZ ANTON LEDERMANN

Born: October 16, 1889

Hirschberg, Germany

The Netherlands Westerbork Auschwitz

Franz was raised in a town in eastern Germany. The son of Jewish parents, he earned a law degree from Breslau University and a doctorate of jurisprudence from Geneva University in Switzerland. At the age of 35 he married Ilse Luise Citroen, a woman of Dutch-Jewish ancestry. The couple settled in Berlin where Franz had a successful law practice. The Ledermanns had two daughters.

1933-39: The Nazis came to power in January 1933. Ilse's Dutch relatives encouraged the Ledermanns to immigrate to the Netherlands, but Franz was reluctant to begin again in a new country. However, after the Nazis forbad Jewish lawyers to have non-Jewish clients, he decided to leave. The Ledermanns moved to Amsterdam, where they found an apartment on the city's south side. Franz got a Dutch law degree after three more years of schooling.

1940-44: Franz secured a job with a Dutch lawyer whose clientele was mainly Jewish refugees in the Netherlands. In May 1940 the Germans invaded and occupied the Netherlands. Beginning in 1941 Franz would, from time to time, do legal translations for Amsterdam's Jewish council. This work offered him some protection from deportation. Hoping that those who followed German instructions would not be harmed, he refused to believe the worst rumors about German "work camps," even after the Germans began deporting Jews in 1942.

On June 20, 1943, Franz and his family were deported to the Westerbork camp in the Netherlands. In 1944 they were sent to Auschwitz, where he perished. Franz was 54 years old.

Source: The Holocaust Museum, Washinton, USA.





SUSANNE LEDERMANN
Born: October 8, 1928
Berlin, Germany

Susanne was the younger of two daughters born to Jewish parents in the German capital of Berlin. Her father was a successful lawyer. Known affectionately as Sanne, Susanne liked to play with her sister on the veranda of her home and enjoyed visiting the Berlin Zoo and park with her family.

1933-39: After the Nazis came to power in January 1933, it became illegal for Jewish lawyers to have non-Jewish clients. When Susanne was 4, her father's law practice closed down and the Ledermanns moved to the Netherlands. Susanne began attending school in Amsterdam when she was 6. She was a good student, and she quickly made friends in the neighborhood. Some of her friends were also Jewish refugees from Germany.

1940-44: On May 14, 1940, Susanne heard the roar of German planes bombing Rotterdam 35 miles away. Amsterdam was soon occupied by the Germans. When Susanne was 13, the Germans forced the Jews out of public schools and Susanne enrolled in a Jewish school. By June 1942 the Germans were deporting Jews, ostensibly to work camps in the "East." Susanne's father, who worked as a translator for the Jewish council, believed that the family would not be harmed as long as they obeyed the law and followed German instructions.

On June 20, 1943, Susanne and her parents were deported to the Westerbork camp in Holland. On 16-11-1943 1944 they were sent to Auschwitz, where Susanne perished on 19-11-1943. She was 15 years old.
BARBARA LEDERMANN RODBELL
Born: 1925, Berlin, Germany

Describes false papers and moving people to hiding places

In 1933 Barbara's family moved to Amsterdam, in the Netherlands. They became friends of Anne Frank and her family. The Germans invaded the Netherlands in 1940. Barbara's boyfriend, Manfred, had underground contacts and she got false papers. Her mother, sister, and father were deported to the Westerbork camp and then to Auschwitz. Barbara survived using her false papers and worked for the resistance. She helped take Jews to hiding places and also hid Jews in an apartment rented under her false name.

TRANSCRIPT
"I went into her ballet school and took classes, and I was then asked to join the company. And I asked if, the underground, was it all right? Oh yes, because you got fantastic papers when you went there, into this company, uh, because the company traveled, you got papers to be out after curfew. And that way I could help shift people from one hiding place to another, or, like American soldiers, shot, shot down people, other people who were underground. Uh, and let me tell you how
this was done. Um, there were no more taxis, there were very few cars because there was no gasoline, uh, for them to use. So what they had was people on bicycles pulling--you know, like in Third World countries--they would pull little wagons behind them. Some of them were covered, so that when it rained, which it does a lot in Holland, you know, people wouldn't get wet, and others were open, all sorts of various ways of transportation. And the few people that I moved were moved in the middle of the night, you know, I mean, after curfew, with them being the bench, and me sitting, you know, sitting like this, bent over, and me sitting on top, on, sitting on their backs, with a rather short skirt, and, uh, my very good papers, with makeup on still from the ballet. And when the Germans stuck their, or when Dutch police stuck their head in there and saying, "What is this? Curfew is on." You could, I would have a smile and papers. And I shifted a lot of people that way". As long as her parents and sister were in Westerbork, she maintained a regular correspondence with them and sent them packages.

Barbara emigrated to the United States, arrived in new York on 11-11-1947 and later married the Nobel prize winning biochemist Martin Rodbell.
Source: - US Holocaust Memorial Museum - Collections
ILSE LUISE CITROEN LEDERMANN
Born: March 8, 1904

Berlin, Germany

The Netherlands Westerbork Auschwitz
 
Ilse was one of four children born to a Dutch-Jewish father and a German-Jewish mother. In 1924 she married Franz Ledermann, a successful lawyer who was 15 years her senior. The couple made their home in Berlin, where they raised two daughters, Barbara and Susanne.

1933-39: The Nazis came to power in January 1933. While the Ledermanns were vacationing in Holland that summer, Ilse's Dutch cousin advised her not to return to Germany. Franz was reluctant to remain in Holland without a job, but when the Nazis made it illegal for Jewish lawyers to have non-Jewish clients, he packed his belongings in Berlin and rejoined his family in Amsterdam, where they settled in an apartment on the city's south side.

1940-44: The Germans invaded the Netherlands in May 1940. Two years later, they began rounding up Jews for deportation. A friend of one of Ilse's daughters got false IDs for the entire family, but her husband Franz did not think the situation was dangerous enough to warrant going into hiding. Franz thought that going into hiding would be more dangerous than obeying German instructions and orders. Even though Ilse was inclined to go into hiding, she deferred to her husband's judgment.

On June 20, 1943, Ilse was deported to the Westerbork camp in the Netherlands. On the morning of November 16, 1943, Ilse Ledermann wrote a few lines to her daughter Barbara: My Darling, we are about to depart on our first long journey in a long time. "My little Barbara, we will see each other again". She was sent to Auschwitz that day, where she perished on November 19th, the day of arrival. Ilse was 40 years old.
w.mugge@home.nl
© Anne Frank Stichting
Een nadere beschouwing van de bewoners van het adres Noorder Amstellaan 37a
Bedrijf Volgnr. Gezinshoofd & familieleden Jaar
(geboorte)
M V Verw. Datum,
van waar:
Datum,
waar heen:
I 1 VOS, Jan 1889 1 1 3-2-1931, Hilversum 20-9-72
Lekstraat 116HS
II 2 HOSPERS, Johanna H.A. 1888 3 2 30/31
Teel, Groningen
13-5-1957
gezin 7
  WIERSEMA, Y.P.
III 3 HOCH, van Joh. L. 1896 1 1 24-4-1931
Barcelona
24-9-1932
Porto
I 4 SCHOTTE, Willem (Abrahams) W 1865 - 1 21-10-1932
Haarlemmermeerstr. 167
15-3-1945
Dintelstr. 102I
4A SCHOTTE, Erverhardus 1898 2 1 zoon 15-12-1932
Roxana
1-6-1933
Rouen
II 5 BRESLAUER, Emil 1887 4 3 25-4-1933
Breslau
15-9-1933
Neuhuiszenpl. 1H
III 6 LEDERMANN, Frank A.I. 1889 1 - 14-12-1933
Zandvoort
1 Nov. 43
Westerbork
4B SCHOTTE, Erverhardus 1898 2 1 zn. 25-8-1936
Tjepoe-Java
2-1-1937
Den Haag
2 hoog 7 MATHIEN, Petrus J.C. 1885 2 2 zo.z. 13-5-1937 15-7-1938
Haarl. meer
WIERSEMA    2
II 8 JUNKERS, Louise B.
Vredenzijl, Engelenburg 1P
1893 - 2 27-9-1938
De Bilt (U)
III 9 SINNINGHE, Jacob R.W. 1904 1 -   23 OCT 44
Nr. Amstellaan 48HS
2-10-1945
Dintelstraat 2A III
I 10 Echtg. SMIT, geb. Schaumann, Gertrud 1910 - 1   23-8-1945
N. Amstellaan 312II
16-5-1947
Coghlans (Can)
III 11 LEDERMANN, Barbara 1925 - 1   van gezin 6 16-11-1945
Koningslaan 14HS
III 12 STEENBERGEN, Maria 1911 - 1   z.o.z. zie post 14
I 13 SANDELOWSKY, Frits 1916 3 1   13-6-1947
Churchill-laan 2I
zie kaartje 1 hoog
III 14 YKEMA, Hans L. 1917 1 1   30-8-1948
Weesperzijde 13HS
zie kaartje 3 hoog
Nr. Inwonend, niet verwand. Jaar M V Datum,
van waar:
Datum,
Waar heen:
5 BLUM, Rachel 1917 - 1 15-6-1933
Den Bosch
4-7-1933
Pl. Fr. Laan 13
3H
5 HERTZ, Gustav 1907 1 - 9-5-1933
Keulen
31-7-1933
Oosterp. Str. 184I
6d GORST, Irmgard 1911 - 1 7-2-1934
Okeghemstr. 6HS
9-5-1934
Bauschp Pl. 19HS
6d HORWITSZ, Elisabeth A. 1908 - 1 30-4-1934
Duisburg
30-3-1935
Rafrollo
6 VAMBERG, Jacob 1907 1 1 2-2-1935
Merwedepln. 13III
8-10-1935
Volkerak str 33II
6d HONTER, Manfred (Cohen) - 1 28-3-1935
Dentexstraat 33
22-5-1935
Stadionweg 117II
6 HERZ, Lotte 1908 - 1 20-9-1935
Schr.....
19-12-1935
Leid. kade 93HS
6 STERNBERG, Carl 1902 - 1 8-11-1935
Krammesstr. 24I
20-5-1936
Albequerque
6 CARSTEN, FRANSZ 1911 1 - 25-6-1936
Berlijn
23-7-1937
Postjeskade 225III
2 MATHIEU, Petrus Z.C. 1885 1 - 29-4-1937
Hilversum
z.o.z. (gezin 7)
6 SCHLESINGER, Edgar H. 1904 1 - 10-9-1937
Berlijn, Kalensee.
4-10-1937
Beeck... 116II
6 SAPIR, Boris 1902 1 - 14-10-1937
Deurloostr. 19HS
21-10-1937
Painweg 30III
2 HARTMAN, Herman-Geerlings 1900 - 1 16-11-1938
...ollaan 35III
zie 2 posten lager
8 KRENNING, Aartje 1919 - 1 6-9-1939
Un 14/29
12-3-1940
Gv (
Den Haag)
8 GEERLINGS, Berendina E. 1898 - 1 zie 2 posten hoger zie kaartje 2e verd.
4d van der WERFF, Tjiske 1922 - 1 4-12-1941
Surinampln 10HS
29-12-1941
Assen
4d ARIAENS, Maria C. 1924 - 1 24-3-1943
Gv (
Den Haag)
abusief, illegaal; vervalt
9 DE RAEDT, Marie P. 1920 - 1 1-5-1944
O en N Gastel
5-5-1944
Amsteldijk 122II
4 BEKKEMA, Jakob 1912 1 - 12-1-1944
v.d. Pekstraat 48HS
6 Mei 1946 V.O.W.
(
Vertrokken Onbekend Waarheen)
9 STEENBERGEN, Maria 1911 - 1 19-12-1944
gezin 9
z.o.z. 12
10 KUIPERS, Maria A. 1915 - 1 van 214I 4-6-1946
N. Amstellaan 214III
9 van SON, Arnold C. 1914 1 2 16-1-1946
Duisburg (D)
8-4-1947
Waalstraat 24HS
10 van der VEN, Anthonius W. 1916 1 - 20-8-1946
Hunzestraat 29I
13-6-1947
Biesboschstraat 40II
9d DUITS, Anna 1920 - 1 20-9-1946
Wormer
8-4-1947
Wormerveer
10 BODEHOVEN, Olga 1926 - 1 13-2-1947
Churchill-Laan 35IA
2-10-1947
Van Baerlestraat 16III
12 WALHAIN, Johannes J. 1925 1 - 13-2-1947
Vijzelgracht 63II
18-9-1947
Kerkstraat 32II
12 ELSBACH, Peter 1924 1 - 20-5-1947
G. van Demstelstraat 11HS
zie 3 posten lager
8 Wed. JOSPHSOHN, Kahn, Roser 1881 - 1 25-9-1947
Waalstraat 24HS
zie kaart 2 hoog
12 BRAKEL, Albert 1921 1 - 23-2-1948
Palembang NI
zie kaart 3 hoog
14 ELSBACH, Louis 1902 2 1 23-4-1948
Bandoeng NI
zie kaart 3 hoog
13 SANDELOWSKY, Otto 1916 1 - 8-6-1948
Churchill-Laan 2II
zie kaart 1 hoog
Sanne Ledermann in Anne Frank diary

Sanne Ledermann was one of Anne Frank's closest friends, including Hannah Goslar and Jacqueline van Merssen. Sanne is mentioned in Anne Frank's diary several times, and one of the more famous events appears in the diary on June 21, 1942, when Anne is asked to write a essay as a punishment for over-chatting during class.

"It was time to come up with something else, something original. My friend Sanne, who's good at poetry, offered to help me write the essay from beginning to end. I jumped for joy. Keesing was trying to play a joke on me with this ridiculous subject, but I'd make sure the joke was on him. I finished my poem, and it was beautiful! It was about a mother duck and a father swan with three baby ducklings who were bitten to death by the father because they quacked too much. Luckily, Keesing took the joke the right way. He read the poem to the class, adding his own comments, and to several other classes as well. Since then I've been allowed to talk and haven't been assigned any extra homework. On the contrary, Keesing's always is making jokes these days."

Part of the original essay written by Sanne Ledermann appears in Anne's book Tales from the Secret Annex, which is a collection of other events and stories written by Anne Frank besides the diary.

Part of the essay Sanne wrote with Anne Frank
"Quack Quack Quack, said Mistress Chatterback

Calling Her duckling from the deep
And up they came cheep cheep cheep
Well do you have any bread for us
For Gerald, Mina and little Gus
Why yes of course I do
A lovely crust I stole for you
Its all I could find You'll have to share
Now please divide it fair and square
So following their mom's advice
They did their best to be precise
Eating and calling' Cluck, cluck, cluck
My piece is bigger I'm in luck
But, oh along came Papa swan

Scowling at their noisy going-on"



Jeker School


Memorial plaque at the school entrance.
The school is located close to the Merwedeplein square and before the German occupation of the Netherlands, many Jewish students among them Margot Frank, Barbara Ledermann, Sanne Ledermann, Eva Schloss and many others, attended it. At the entrance to the school building is a memorial plaque for the teachers and students who were sent to concentration camps and never returned.

Joodse leerlingen en leerkrachten van de in dit gebouw gevestigde joodsche schoolen 10 en 11 werden in de oorlogjaren 1940 - 1945 op last van de duitse bezetter weggevoerd en keerden niet meer terug.

Jewish students and teachers of the Jewish schools 10 and 11 established in this building were taken during the war years 1940-1945 by order of the German occupiers and did not return.
Koningslaan 14, Amsterdam.
w.mugge@home.nl
House where Barbara lived after the war.