SOE WAR DIARIES FEBRUARY 1945 PART I

                                                                                   
                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                               I - GENERAL


POSITION IN THE FIELD
At a final meeting with the RVV, TRAPPING (Barme), COURSING (Hoogewerff), and a locally recruited W/T operator named LAURENS exchanged addresses.
This had serious repercussions, as LAURENS was arrested on February 6th at his home, probably as a result of indiscretions of his landlord.


Trapping and Cousing arrested
Three days later TRAPPING was arrested at his home and on the same day COURSING was arrested at a secret postbox which he had established only two
days previously. It was believed that these arrests followed in sequence, as LAURENS knew TRAPPING’s address and TRAPPING knew of the post-box.


KP HQ to disperse
On the morning of February 10th, RUMMY (Bert de Goede) had a conference with HANS, the temporary KP Commandant for the Rotterdam Area. The pair
decided to disperse the organization at the moment, particularly the headquarters. The following day RUMMY heard by courier that the SD had the previous
afternoon surrounded the KP headquarters where HANS, one of his men, and four female couriers were engaged in their normal work, having decided finally
not to evacuate the building until later.

HQ battle
In the ensuing running fights with Sten guns and Mills bombs all escaped except one of the couriers, who was held on a false identity card, and HANS, who
was arrested in the razzia that followed, without being identified. HANS subsequently escaped from a train while on this way to deportation to Germany


Rummy returns to England
As a result of this final blow RUMMY decided to tarry no longer. He had lost his main supply dump in The Hague, both his operators had been arrested and
his regional organization in the Rotterdam area was in a state of collapse. He therefore made his escape and arrived in England.


Personnel infiltrated
SCRAPE (Marinus van der Stoep) the KP Commander of Rotterdam who had left his post in January and crossed the lines into liberated territory, was given a
short training by SOE and returned to the field. He was briefed by PRINCE BERNHARD on various policy matters regarding the organization of Dutch scock
troops and civil guards who were to be brought into use upon the liberation of Holland. He was successfully dropped on the night of February 27th.
His mission was:
1. To investigate the security of his own organization, which had been seriously weakend by recent arrests;
2. To arrange for sabotage of targets of vital importance to the Germans, particularly those connected with
     communications and with V-2’s;
3. To make final plans for the protection of Dutch installations against demolition by the withdrawing Germans;
4. To prepare for open action to be taken by resistance forces when the time was ripe.


Stores delivered
Sixty-two containers and 14 packages were sent to the field during this month (2).



                        


                                                                                                                                                                 II - RESISTANCE GROUPS

W/T  TRAFFIC


BOWLS         (? GERMAN CONTROLLED)


Smoothing Mixture
London regretted (3) that the attempt to supply BOWLS with a set of codes had failed. He should be patient (4) as London was most anxious to continue
employing his most valuable service, but HQ was not yet in a position to acquaint him with the task it had in mind. In the meantime he should refrain from
sending any messages except of an emergency nature. London was doing all it could and in the meantime he should continue listening.

(2) Weeklt sitreps for February 1945
(3) 14 to Bowls of 30.1.1945
(4) 15 to Bowls of 8.2.1945






PODEX, RUMMY & CRIBBAGE           (Contact with CS-6 and RVV)



RUMMY


Trapping and Cousing arrested
RUMMY (de Goede) reported (5) that TRAPPING (Barme) and COURSING (Hoogewerff) had been arrested. It was probable that the resistance leader for
Rotterdam had also been taken. All the administration of the KP in Rotterdam was in the hands of the Germans and several other men had been arrested.


Local man takes over
COR, the W/T operator recruited locally by RUMMY reported (6) that since the latter’s departure from Rotterdam his work had been carried on by ZWARTE
WIM, another locally recruited agent. COR asked a W/T operator should be send to ZWARTE WIM, as one was urgently needed. London sent to ZWARTE
WIM a message (7) from RUMMY, who in the meantime had arrived safely in England. Would he please ask COR why he had not obeyed RUMMY’s order to
stop transmitting until he returned? As soon as the opportunity arose a new W/T operator would be sent to him.

(5) Srl No B2968/37 from Podex via Dorn of 9.2.1945
(6)    Srl No. B3380/73 from Podex via Dorn of 22.02.45
(7)    2 to Podex of 24.02.45



DRAUGHTS (Second mission) & BACKGAMMON      (Contact with RVV and OD)                


Registration centre blown up
DRAUGHTS 1 reported (8) that during the night of January 31th, the Atlanta building in Amsterdam was blown up. The building had been used as a centre
for the registration of workers who were to be carried off to Germany.


C-in-C  Shakes Sword
PRINCE BERNHARD cabled via DRAUGHTS to the Commandant of the Netherlands Forces of the Interior (Koot) (9) as follows: - “I hereby give you the
right and power to punish all resistance personnel under your orders in which- ever way you deem necessary . In extreme cases this may be immediate
execution. “Normally disobedience can be punished with dismissal or arrest with court martial to follow after liberation. I want it quite clear to all personnel
under my orders that you are my representative and therefore your orders have to be strictly  obeyed”.


Surrender talks: further details
In a message for the DRIEHOEK, London cabled (10) that with regard to the report of negotiations with the SD in The Hague it had been learned by
DRAUGHTS 2 (van Paaschen) that an interview had taken place between representatives of the LO, a clergyman, a doctor and a representative of the
student’s resistance movement on the one side and the SD officers MUNDT and FRANK on the other. The SD demand for the surrender of weapons had
been rejected. Apart from this the interview was of a constructive character. PRINCE BERNHARD requested complete report on the situation and the
measures taken.

(8)    Srl No. B2730/32 from Draughts 1 of 01.02.45
From Draughts via Towy.
Nr four four three stop Blown up Atlanta last night and electric cable Doklaan stop

(9)    312 to Draughts 1 of 01.02.45
To Draughts via night Elan
Telegram the same as in text.

(10)  316 to Draughts 1 of 04.02.45
To Draughts via night Elan.
Telegram the same as in text.



SD rankers to be bribed with smokes
DRAUGHTS 1 cabled (11) that “for several purposes” he urgently needed cigarettes, specially for penetrating into the SD ranks. If possible, London should
send 5000 without the inscription “For H.M. Forces” and the whole lot should be packed in well-closed parcels and addressed to the Chief of Staff,
Netherlands Forces of the Interior (Koot).


“A dangerous game” - London
London replied (12) that the special cigarettes for penetrating into SD ranks were being prepared. It was suggested however, that the Netherlands Forces
of the Interior should not get mixed up in this dangerous game.


Leftists active in The Hague
London cabled to the DRIEHOEK (13) that the following message had been received from The Hague: - “To the Dutch Government. Extremist left elements
are very active, building up cells and taking advantage of the apathy of the population caused by starvation. They are even receiving armed help from the
Germans”. What were the DRIEHOEK’s comment on this?


Draughts arrested - see Backgammon’s report




BACKGAMMON

Draughts wounded in KP attack

BACKGAMMON (de Vos) reported (14) that on Saturday morning, February 10th, while moving from the area of one of his dropping grounds near Venhuizen
to Amsterdam, DRAUGHTS and four others were halted by the Dutch Landwacht. Important papers were found and all were arrested. In the afternoon the
KP attacked and freed one of the prisoners (du Celliee Muller), but DRAUGHTS (Biallosterski) was badly wounded.


Security measures

BACKGAMMON was in touch with a few people who had helped building up DRAUGHTS’ organization, and the necessary warnings had been sent out. All
addresses had been changed and the internal telephone system made secure. BACKGAMMON had DRAUGHTS’ codes and papers and would keep HQ fully
informed.


Backgammon to lie low

BACKGAMMON was instructed by London (15) to keep in touch with the DRIEHOEK and reduce his activities to a minimum. The organiser for Rotterdam
would be sent to him as soon as he gave a safe dropping ground. He was forbidden to take any part in attempting to rescue DRAUGHTS. This must be left
to others, for his own work must go on. This is wrong, see the telegram. An organizer would be dropped as soon as BRAM found a safe DZ. They warned
him about the situation in Rotterdam, all the arrests among agents.


(11)  452 from Draughts 1 of 05.02.45
Don’t have this telegram

(12)  318 to Draughts 1 of 06.02.45
To Draughts via night Elan.
Special cigarettes for penetrating into SD ranks being prepared suggest however NBS should not get mixed up in the dangerous game stop Special
messenger you … no more text visible.

(13)  328 to Draughts 1 of 10.02.45
To Draughts via night Elan.
To DC stop Following received from The Hague quote Aan Nederlandsche Regering stop Extremistische linksche elementen zeer actief met cellenbouw
inneming sleutelpositie ook bij illegaliteit gebruik makende van gedeeltelijke apathie gedeeltelijke opstandige gevoelens oa hongersnood bij bevolking waarbij
zelfs wapensteun van Duitsche zijde unquote What are your comments stop

(14)  48 and 49 from Backgammon of 12.02.45
From Backgammon via Elan.
My forty eight (48) stop Saturday morning XVR from Mandrill area to Amsterdam with HANS and four other persons halted by Landwacht stop Important
papers were found and all arrested stop In afternoon KP attacked resulting in one person freed one important person for weapon transport killed HANS badly
wounded stop Where HANS has been transported to by Germans not yet clear stop Doing utmost to discover his residence and to free him stop Seven stop

From Backgammon via Elan.
My forty nine (49) stop A few persons who have built up whole system of HANS his contacts throughout whole operation have contacted me all necessary
people could be warned and all addresses have been changed stop Have his codes and paper and all telephone lines secured and in hands stop Well aware
of great responsibility in taking these measures tp prevent disorder stop Will keep you CUZLY informed stop Four stop

(15) to Backgammon of 12.02.45
To Backgammon via night Elan.
Regret news about HANS stop Agree action taken stop Maintain contact with DC but reduce activities to minimum stop Will send organizer as soon as you
can indicate ground and consider it safe stop Please instruct GUUS to take over HANS work and advise us when this is in order stop Confirm arrests
Rotterdam area so be double careful stop You and DOUWE will take no part in attempting HANS’ escape but must leave this to others stop Sorry but the
work must go on stop



Operations impossible
BACKGAMMON (de Vos) replied (16) that for security reasons, dropping operations were not possible, nor could weapons be transported for the time being.
The organizer for Rotterdam could not be received without very great risks. He reported (17) that DRAUGHTS was known to the Germans as TOBIAS DE
BRUIN, 24 years old, medical student and British terrorist.


A..A , Guard for Draughts
On Tuesday, February 13th , DRAUGHTS was taken from the Wilhelmina Hospital in Amsterdam in the direction of The Hague in a car heavily guarded with
police and anti aircraft. Resistance forces were still trying to arrange his escape but the situation had become highly dangerous

Backgammon’s advice
He cabled (18) that although well aware that as a W/T operator he should not interfere with organization, he felt he should give his advice in this particular
case. The situation was becoming more dangerous every day and only the highest degree of security would make it possible to carry on until the liberation.
Only who had closely co-operated with DRAUGHTS could grasp the present complicated situation.


A suitable successor
The only possible solution was that DRAUGHTS closest co-operator, a well-known doctor, should take over his work. This man had an extensive knowledge
of the situation and very good security, and did not belong to any particular illegal group. He was sorry for not minding his own business, but it was only in
the interest of his work that he asked London to take the appointment of this doctor into serious consideration.

Hope for Draughts
He later reported (19) that DRAUGHTS’ condition was “hopeful”. He was lying in a military hospital at Scheveningen and BACKGAMMON had contacted him.

(16)  50 from Backgammon of 12.02.45
From Backgammon via Elan of 12.02.45
My fifty stop All droppings for security reason not possible stop All weapon transports also to Gooi completely impossible stop Cannot receive your organizer
for Rotterdam without very great risks have passed on your message to DC stop Hope you agree with my measures stop Please advise and give fullest
orders soon stop Three stop

(17)  51 from Backgammon of 12.02.45
From Backgammon via Elan.
My five one stop HANS known to the Germans as Tobias de Bruin twenty four years old medical student and British terrorist stop Tuesday transported
from Wilhelmina Gasthuis Amsterdam direction The Hague in car heavily guarded with police and anti aircraft stop Still trying to arrange escape stop Our
situation becomes highly dangerous stop Have acted according your orders stop

(18)  52 from Backgammon of 22.02.45
From Backgammon via Elan.
My fifty two stop Although well aware operator should not interfere with organization feel being right in advising in this particular case stop This only
because situation becoming more dangerous every day and only highest security might make it possible to carry on till liberation stop No other person than
those who have closely cooperated with Hans here in town can grasp present complicated situation stop To be continued stop Zerg

From Backgammon via Elan.
My fifty three stop Therefore to my opinion only solution possible will be to have his closest cooperator being well known doctor take over HANS work stop
This man has extensive knowledge of facts perfect sense of security and does not belong to any illegal group in particular stop Consider GUUS working
methods and security high AEOYZIRCLUG (highly dangerous) under present conditions stop Appointing another new organizer will only result in many more
difficulties stop So sorry for not minding my own business but only the interest of work I ask you to take appointment of this doctor into serious
consideration. Stop Seven

(19)  54 from Backgammon of 22.02.45
From Backgammon via Elan.
My five four stop GUUS arrived in town stop Can still contact DC stop Repeat PIETERs night traffic on my plan and code from one zero four stop GDJA
(Hans?) condition hopeful in Kriegs Lazarett Scheveingen stop Have contacted him stop Four stop

(20)  1 from Backgammon of 03.02.45
MONOPOLY, CUBBING, COURSING & BOATING                       (Contact with DRIEHOEK)



CUBBING

Cubbing to cross lines
CUBBING (Cieremans) cabled (20) that he hoped to cross the lines the following week, thanks to the help given to him by RUMMY and COURSING.


Successful sabotage
He reported (21) that on the night of February 2nd four barges carrying 180.000 litres of oil were burnt at Utrecht. The attack had been carried out with
three explosive charges of 1½ lbs each. (22) At Amersfoort the electric railway signal system had been destroyed by sabotage. He added (23) that he
wished to leave Utrecht at once and return to occupied Holland within two weeks (24).


Warned against contacts
CUBBING was warned (25) that there had been many arrests in Rotterdam. In no circumstances, therefore, should he try to contact COURSING and
RUMMY. If he did he might well be arrested.


NBS needs new directives
CUBBING suggested (26) that as the NBS was “beginning to go the wrong way” London should send them a special order directed to regional and district
commanders stressing once again that the Allied war effort could be aided by well-prepared action by the NBS In his opinion London should convey to the
NBS the following three points: - (1) The NBS should understand that it had to be absolutely self-supporting, though London would give help as soon as this
was possible; (2) In the interest of security neither the NBS nor any of its members should work for any other underground organization; (3) The NBS should
not concern itself with preparations for running Holland after the liberation.


Resistance weakening
London should promise to send as many weapons and other stores as possible, but only to assist the NBS in its fight against the German terror. As the
situation of the Dutch people was getting more and more impossible, so the strength of the NBS was decreasing. Such an order from London would
encourage the real partisans and keep weak elements away.


Railway Target
He reported (27) that the Germans were against using the railways for supply purposes. He asked whether the NBS should attack and if so whether made-up
charges could be sent. He was told (28) that no attack should be made until ordered. Railway charges were being prepared and would be sent in due
course.

(21)  Srl No. B 2838 from Cubbing of 03.02.45
(22)  6 from Cubbing 06.02.45
(23)  3 from Cubbing of 05.02.45
(24)  Srl No. B2878 from Cubbing of 06.02.45
(25)  50 to Cubbing of 09.02.45
(26)  11 from Cubbing of 19.02.45
(27)  12 from Cubbing of 21.02.45
(28)  57 to Cubbing of 24.02.45




COURSING


Launched - Sunk
COURSING  (Hoogewerff) reported (29) that a 3000 ton vessel had been sunk by sabotage at Rotterdam. It was quite new and had in fact only just been
launched.


Bridges to be Left Intact
He also reported that the Germans had removed the charges from five bridges in Rotterdam. They said they intended to leave these bridges intact, except
for the approaches to two of them which were going to be mined.


Germans Short of Explosives ?
COURSING was asked (30) to make sure that the Germans really had taken away the charges from the bridges. If detonating fuses had been left behind it
was suggest that these be cut. If the Germans really were short of explosives, then the removal of charges by resistance forces at the last minute might
save many bridges.


Coursing in touch with Podex
COURSING (Hoogewerff) reported (31) that he had received a letter from PODEX (Mulholland), who asked whether he should stay in Germany. In a
message via COURSING (32) PODEX was asked if he could possibly “carry on the good work” in Germany.


Podex to work in Germany
It was suggested that he (Mulholland) should build up cells among Dutch workers and also if possible a courier service to the Overijssel or to other parts of
Eastern Holland. A W/T operator would try to contact him during the February moon period.

(29) Daily summary No 149 of 1.2.45
(30) 19 to Coursing of 2.2.45
(31)  Daily summary 150 of 02.02.45
(32)  21 to Coursing of 02.02.45




BOATING

Draughts’ successor approved
DRAUGHTS 2 (van Paaschen) was advised in a cable to BOATING ( Paul Peters) (33) that provided the DRIEHOEK agreed, London had no objection to his
doctor friend continuing the work of DRAUGHTS 1 (Biallosterski) .

(33)  32 to Boating of 22.02.45
To Boating via night Elan.
Following for Pieter stop Ref your two two seven to two three one stop Provided DC agrees we have no objection your doctor friend continues Hans’ work
stop





NECKING & BOBSLEIGH           (Resistance in Friesland)


NECKING

“Something  Rotten” in Drenthe
NECKING (Peter Tazelaar) advised London (34) to “leave Drenthe alone for the Moment” because there had been further arrests at the NBS HQ . “There is
something rotten there” he concluded.


Containers Scattered
He complained (35) that at the last dropping operation the containers had been “blown all over the place” His people were still digging them out.


Germans Capture Resistance Leader
On February 4th NECKING cabled (36): - “Hold everything. Operations leader Friesland caught yesterday. Attempt are being made to get him out. If not
successful we have to lie low for a while”.


And Operational Orders
NECKING reported (37) that it had been learned that the operations leader in Friesland had at the time of his arrest been in possession of files which among
other things contained special orders regarding droppings grounds, and these were in the hands of the enemy. The whole underground movement in Friesland
was upside-down. NECKING himself “had had a hectic time escaping”, but he was now piecing the bits together again.


“Fantastic” filling System
London had asked whether this means that the Germans also knew the BBC “action” messages and resistance plans for carrying out London’s special orders.
It seemed fantastic that files should have been kept in view of the obvious dangers. NECKING (Tazelaar) forwarded (38) a message from the Commander of
Resistance in Groningen to the effect that all the NBS there had been arrested except the Commander himself. They would have to reorganize before re-
arming could begin.


Future Plans Revealed
He confirmed (39) that the captured files revealed everything the NBS had done was planning to do. It was “incredible but true”. Fortunately their weapons
were safe, thanks to quick action by several local commanders. Complete reorganization was needed and this was now in progress.

(34) 34 from Necking 0f 1.2.45
(35) 35 from Necking of 4.2.45
(36) 36 from Necking of 4.2.45
(37) 37 from Necking of 12.2.45
(38) 39 from Necking of 23.2.45
(39) 38 from Necking of 23.2.45

EDUARD                 (Provincial Commandant for Overijssel)

EDUARD (Hotz) complained (40) that most of the bazookas dropped had exhausted or rotten batteries. Would London please send 30 bazooka batteries in
the next dropping operation?


Resistance Leaders Gunned by RAF
EDUARD reported (41) that many complaints had been received of inaccurate Allied bombing - as in Deventer - and indiscriminate machine-gunning of
civilians on the road by Allied fighter aircraft. The resistance commander of the Drenthe area had been gravely wounded and a sub-commander killed while
cycling between Almelo and Zenderen. There was no German military traffic anywhere near at the time.


Evert killed
He reported (42) that CHARADES was safe but had ceased operating except in an emergency until the situation cleared up. He cabled (43) that EVERT
had been killed while trying to escape after being arrested in Wierden on February 13th. His successor was HERMAN.


Request to Bomb D/F HQ
EDUARD (Hotz) asked HQ (44) whether an isolated white house, of which he gave the map reference, could be bombed by the RAF. This was the main
base for Direction Finders which were used to detect agents’ transmitters in the area. He also requested (45) the bombing of the castle at Rechteren,
which housed 300 SD men.


Advised on Out W/T Traffic
London asked for a fuller description of the isolated white house, such as shape and colour of roofing, for identification from the air. EDUARD should cut
his message to a minimum otherwise his operator (SQUEAK) would soon be arrested (47).


New Oath for NBS
EDUARD cabled (48) that resistance leaders proposed the following oath for all members of the Netherlands Forces of the Interior: - “I swear I will be
faithful to the Netherlands Forces of the Interior and that I will submit myself to its military discipline”. Did London agree with this? He asked (49) whether
London could send some weapon instructors. CHRIS (HUNTING, Hindering) was too young and not much help.


German W/T Contact with England?
DUDLEY cabled via EDUARD (50): - “There is a rumour in England that Huns here are very pleased with themselves because they have a radio contact
with England. Am trying to trace this further”.


Dudley “Out of the Picture”
DUDLEY cabled (51) that he was not in any more danger than any other agent but, “damned tired”. He was, however, completely out of the picture
regarding his own job as liaison officer. He was acting as Chief of Staff to UDUARD and had issued many orders in the name of the Government on which
he wanted confirmation. He also wished to report on the situation. If he came out through the lines he could be back in Holland within three weeks with a
new W/T operator, or would that be “too late for the big show”?


Reception Committee in Dug-Outs
EDUARD was advised (54) that the suggested oath for all members of the Netherlands Forces of the Interior had been approved by PRINCE BERNHARD.
EDUARD asked (55) that in its next dropping operation London should send some food and tobacco for the permanent reception committee which lived in
dug-outs near the dropping ground.

(40) 21 from Eduard of 1.2.45
From Eduard via Erme
21 stop Most bazooekas dropped have exhausted or rotten batteries stop Please send next drop thirty batteries for bazookas stop Nine

(41) 27 from Eduard of 14.2.45
From Eduard via Erme
27 stop Many complaints inaccurate bombing as in Deventer and indiscriminate machine gunning of civilians on the road by Allied fighter aircraft stop Our
Commander Twente gravely wounded and one subcommander killed cycling between Almelo and Zenderen while no German military traffic anywhere near
stop Nine

(42) 53 from Eduard of 15.2.45
From Eduard via Erme
53 stop Man and all material arrived safely Saturday on Willow stop Maurits okay but ceased operating exept in emergency until situation clears up stop

(43) 30 from Eduard of 15.2.45
From Eduard via Erme
30 stop Evert killed while trying to escape after arrestation in Wierden Feb thirteen (13.2.45) stop Successor Herman (Herman Doppen) stop Nine

(44) 35 from Eduard of 17.2.45
From Eduard via Erme
35 stop Could you bomb isolated white house reference your five seven five zero zero one zero (5750010) map GSGS four zero eight three (4083) Holland
one in fifty thousand (1:50.000) sheet thirty five (35) AHAUS stop The main post for Direction Finding agents transmitters in this area stop Eight


(45) 40 from Eduard of 19.2.45
From Eduard via Erme
40 stop Could you bomb castle Rechteren bearing one one zero (110) distance two point one (2.1) km from Dalfsen eleven km east of Zwolle Three
hundred (300) SD stop Three
(46) 30 to Eduard of 19.2.45
30 to Eduard via day Erme
Ref your request bombing isolated white house please give further description of house such as shape and colour of roof for identification from air stop

(47) 32 to Eduard of 19.2.45
32 to Eduard via day Erme
Frand Hals also in trouble or arrested therefore cannot use ground given by Paul stop Target castle Rechteren passed to RAF stop Please cut messages
to a minimum otherwise your operator will soon be arrested stop BBC action messages were given in our special order nr two stop We cannot give in
addition preliminary warning messages but should watch military event which will give you ample warning of imminence of action messages stop

(48) 44 from Eduard of 20.2.45
From Eduard via Erme
44 stop Re your two one stop Which powers has regional commander for discipline stop Resistance leaders propose following oath for all members NBS
quote Ik zweer trouw aan de binnenlandsch strijdkrachten en onderwerping ingaande door haar gestelde krijgstucht unquote stop Do you agree stop Eight

(49) 45 from Eduard of 20.2.45
From Eduard via Erme
45 stop Could you send some weapon instructors stop Chris too young and not much help stop Blatt of SAS who stayed here now our only instructor stop

(50) 46 from Eduard of 20.1.45
From Eduard via Erme
46 stop From Dudley stop There is a rumour in Enschede that Hune here are very pleased with (five groups omitted) Have radio contact with England stop
Am trying to trace this further stop Remind you that Frankene of ground Denys was arrested end of November in Hengelo during transmission stop Can
you give any information stop Three

(51) 48 from Dudley of 21.2.45
From Eduard via Erme
48 stop From Dudley stop Am in no more danger than any agent but damned tired stop Am however completely out of the picture for my own job as
liaison officer stop Act as chief staff Eduard and have issued many orders in name of High Command or Government on which I want confirmation also
need to report on situation can be back here in three weeks with own new operator or will that be (three groups missing) CW stop Nine

(52) 36 to Eduard of 22.2.45
36 to Eduard via day Erme
For Dudley stop Ground Cor was refused for flak four kms North East of Steenwijk and east along railway stop Ground Herman was refused for flak six kms
north north west of pinpoint stop Ground Teun was refused because of flak almost all around at distance of two to five kms stop Very difficult to indicate
exact areas clear of flak stop Suggest most likelt areas at present are ten kms around Neede also east and north east from Zwolle stop Air intelligence
point out that absence of flak in any area does not necessary mean that area can be safely approached stop Fullest and sympathetic always given to all
grounds submitted stop
(53) 38 to Eduard of 23.2.45
38 to Eduard via day Erme
To Dudley stop In order bring you in picture and give you a rest suggest you come out as soon  as you can stop Have new operator standing by for you
stop Advise when you are coming and by which route stop

(54) 39 to Eduard of 24.2.45
39 to Eduard via day Erme
Reference your four four (44) re oath or all members NBS following has been approaved by Prince Bernhard quote Ik zweer trouw aan de Koningin
gehoorzaamheid aan de wetten en onderwerping aan de door NBS gestelde Krijgstucht unquote stop
(55) 54 from Eduard of 28.2.45
From Eduard via Erme
54 stop Ground Evert can be used again stop New BBC message Het eten was niet vet genoeg letter D for Dog stop Please include next drop three
containers Harry one and one Harry four and one Gammon and Hawkins and two Vickers MG and two Brens and two field dressings and mecical and one
food and tobacco for the permanent RC which lives there in dugouts stop Nine





SQUEAK           (W/T for EDUARD)


Lacks Material
SQUEAK complained (56) that he had no electricity supply from the mains, his hydrometer had never been in working order and he still had many troubles
with batteries and aerials owing to lack of materials. Would London please send him batteries, accumulator acid, an hydrometer, and a “clothes line” aerial
as soon as possible. London replied (57) that the dropping material requested would be delivered on the next dropping operation.

“Borrows” a Battery
He reported (58) that he had “borrowed” a battery from a German car, and would be able to operate on this for the time being. HQ cabled (59) that
EDUARD would be warned to cut his messages down to a minimum. Otherwise SQUEAK would soon be in trouble stop


(56) 6 from Squeak of 1.2.1945
From Squeak via Erme
6 stop I have no mains at all stop My hydrometer and MCR rpt MCR one have never been in working order so I also receive by AM rpt AM three stop
Though I had good contacts I still have many troubles with batteries and aerials stop owing to lack of materials stop Mover one vibrator stone stop I
expect the followings stuffs per next drop on ground Willow rpt Willow together with sending for Dudley as they are most rpt most urgently needed stop
Battery and at least three bottles of acid stop Hydrometer and voltmeter stop Heayberd Aonine rpt Aoine charger with spare buses stop Two vibrators
stop Fifty meter black aerial and fifty meter clothes line aerial stop MCR rpt MCR stop Crystals six six one (661) and six six four five (6645) stop HT rpt HT
wire stop Big key stop Torch and buzzer trainer both with spare batteries stop Tools weapon oil and Colt three two munition stop Sweater with polo neck
and socks stop can you add capstan or Players please stop Please reply what you can do for me stop Seven

(57) 17 to Squeak of 3.2.1945
17 to Squeak via day Erme
Greater part of material requested by you is in packages number three four five three (3453) which are already allocated to first operation on ground
Willow stop Crystals are in container marked with white cross stop Remainder of material requested is being obtained and will follow soon stop

(58) 13 from Squeak of 12.2.1945
From Squeak via Eme
13 stop Borrowed battery from German car DV I hope to be able again to come up at any time stop as weather holds up Willow operation I expect not only
greater part but whole lot of stuffs required stop Cigarettes extremely welcome stop Two

(59) 25 to Squeak of 19.2.1945
25 to Squeak via Erme
Will warn Eduard to cut messages to minimum otherwise you will soon be in trouble stop
                                                                                                                      NEW MISSIONS



SCRAPE            (KP Commandant for Rotterdam)


SCRAPE’s training name was SCHEFFER. He would be known in the field as VICTOR. Since SCRAPE’s arrival in this country, London had received a message
from RUMMY (Bert de Goede) reporting the arrests of TRAPPING (Barme) and COURSING (Hoogewerff) and probably of HANS, whom SCRAPE (Marinus van
der Stoep) had left behind to carry on his work in Rotterdam. The message had added that other members of the KP had also been arrested. SCRAPE would
return yo the field to resume his role of Commandant of the Rotterdam KP. Owing to the recent arrests he would take extreme care in rebuilding his
organization. He would re-establish W/T contact with London and for this purpose would take with him a reserve W/T plan, codes and crystals which he
would hand over to a new W/T operator when he had been recruited and trained. He would also take with him a special plan, codes and crystals for direct
contact with Special Forces HQ in the field. He would decide which W/T operator would work this channel, but the plan, codes and crystals should not be in
possession of his operator until the time for action in his zone had come. He would take with him a new set of reception committee conventions, as it has
now to be presumed that owing to the arrest of COURSING (Hoogewerff) the old ones were known to the Germans. He would determine to what extent
penetration had taken place since his departure, and submit new reception grounds for approval as he thought fit.
He had received special instructions on the action resistance should take when the right time came. Sabotage teams should be kept separate from the
Netherlands Forces of the Interior in order to safeguard the security of this organization. SCRAPE (van der Stoep) should appoint a sabotage leader who
should be made responsible for day-to-day sabotage operations If he found resistance groups had been too heavy penetrated he should try to build up one
very small group consisting of leaders who could immediately go into action when the appropriate messages were broadcast. If no other task was possible he
should concentrate on keeping open the river approaches to Rotterdam, and if possible try to preserve the Maas Tunnel. He would take with him 5000
Guilders for his own use and 50.000 for the use of his organization.
As RUMMY (de Goede) had returned from the field with fairly pessimistic views on the general situation in Rotterdam, is was decided not to send SCRAPE to
a reception committee, but to drop him “blind” so that he could first make careful preliminary soundings as to the security of the remains of the Rotterdam KP
organization. He was successfully dropped a few kms north west of Rotterdam on the night of February 27th .
w.mugge@home.nl